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Marschner S Mineral Nutrition Of Higher Plants

Author: Horst Marschner
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123849055
Size: 55.97 MB
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Respected and known worldwide in the field for his research in plant nutrition, Dr. Horst Marschner authored two editions of Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. His research greatly advanced the understanding of rhizosphere processes and trace element uptake by plants and he published extensively in a variety of plant nutrition areas. While doing agricultural research in West Africa in 1996, Dr. Marschner contracted malaria and passed away, and until now this legacy title went unrevised. Despite the passage of time, it remains the definitive reference on plant mineral nutrition. Great progress has been made in the understanding of various aspects of plant nutrition and in recent years the view on the mode of action of mineral nutrients in plant metabolism and yield formation has shifted. Nutrients are not only viewed as constituents of plant compounds (constructing material), enzymes and electron transport chains but also as signals regulating plant metabolism via complex signal transduction networks. In these networks, phytohormones also play an important role. Principles of the mode of action of phytohormones and examples of the interaction of hormones and mineral nutrients on source and sink strength and yield formation are discussed in this edition. Phytohormones have a role as chemical messengers (internal signals) to coordinate development and responses to environmental stimuli at the whole plant level. These and many other molecular developments are covered in the long-awaited new edition. Esteemed plant nutrition expert and Horst Marschner's daughter, Dr. Petra Marschner, together with a team of key co-authors who worked with Horst Marschner on his research, now present a thoroughly updated and revised third edition of Marschner's Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, maintaining its value for plant nutritionists worldwide. A long-awaited revision of the standard reference on plant mineral nutrition Features full coverage and new discussions of the latest molecular advances Contains additional focus on agro-ecosystems as well as nutrition and quality

Growth And Mineral Nutrition Of Field Crops Third Edition

Author: Nand Kumar Fageria
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824700898
Size: 28.35 MB
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"Examines climate-soil-plant interrelationships governing the nutritional and growth aspects of cereal, legume, and pasture crops--providing basic and applied information to improve the management and potential yield of major temperate and tropical field crop. Second Edition furnishes a new chapter on the management of degraded soils, and improved organization of chapter sequence, and more than 325 tables and drawings--over 90 new to this edition."

Applied Tree Biology

Author: Andrew Hirons
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118296362
Size: 72.73 MB
Format: PDF
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Many arborists learn tree work practices without fully understanding the biological and physiological principles behind them. However, outcomes for the health and longevity of trees are greatly improved when an arborist understands the science behind the care of tree root systems and crowns. In Applied Tree Biology, Drs. Hirons and Thomas draw upon their decades of experience in the laboratory, classroom, and the field – as well as the expertise of distinguished contributors to this volume – to provide those responsible for tree care with the scientific information that informs best practices for planting, pruning, soil decompaction, irrigation, and much more. Takes a multidisciplinary approach, integrating knowledge from plant biology, physiology, arboriculture, ecology, and more Provides a systematic presentation of fundamental tree biology and the scientific principles informing high quality tree care Presents accessible scientific information and best practices that help promote the health and longevity of trees Reflects the authors’ decades of experience as tree biology researchers and educators, as well as their years of professional experience across the globe Applied Tree Biology is an indispensable source of practical, succinct information on tree biology, physiology, and ecology for professionals and interested amateurs involved with the care of trees. Arborists, foresters, and horticulturists at all stages of their careers will find this text particularly useful.

Plant Nutrition Of Greenhouse Crops

Author: Cees Sonneveld
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048125326
Size: 77.30 MB
Format: PDF
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Greenhouse cultivation is noted for its high uptake of minerals, consistent climatic conditions, exclusion of natural precipitation and control of salt accumulation. Acknowledging that plant nutrition in greenhouse cultivation differs in many essentials from field production, this volume details specific information about testing methods for soils and substrates in a greenhouse environment. It does so while offering a universally applicable analysis. This is based on the composition of the soil and substrate solutions, methods for the interpretation of tissue tests, and crop responses on salinity and water supply in relation to fertilizer application. Fertilizer additions, related to analytical data of soil and substrate samples, are presented for a wide range of vegetable and ornamental crops. The subject is especially apt now as substrate growing offers excellent possibilities for the optimal use of water and nutrients, as well as the potential for sustainable production methods for greenhouse crops.

Biomass As A Sustainable Energy Source For The Future

Author: Wiebren de Jong
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118916638
Size: 55.62 MB
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Focusing on the conversion of biomass into gas or liquid fuels thebook covers physical pre-treatment technologies, thermal, chemicaland biochemical conversion technologies • Details the latest biomass characterizationtechniques • Explains the biochemical and thermochemical conversionprocesses • Discusses the development of integrated biorefineries,which are similar to petroleum refineries in concept, covering suchtopics as reactor configurations and downstream processing • Describes how to mitigate the environmental risks whenusing biomass as fuel • Includes many problems, small projects, samplecalculations and industrial application examples

Mineral Nutrition Of Higher Plants

Author: Horst Marschner
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 39.39 MB
Format: PDF
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Nutritional physiology: uptake of mineral elements by leaves and other aerial plants. Foliar application of mineral nutrients. Leaching of mineral elements from leaves. Soil - plant relationships: nutrient availability in soils. Chemical soil analysis. Effect of external and internal factors on root growth and development. Hormonal control. Soil chemical factors. Soil physical factors. Adaptation of plants to adverse chemical soil conditions. Natural vegetation. Acid mineral soils. Alkaline soils. Saline soils.

Nutrient Use Efficiency From Basics To Advances

Author: Amitava Rakshit
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132221699
Size: 79.39 MB
Format: PDF
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This book addresses in detail multifaceted approaches to boosting nutrient use efficiency (NUE) that are modified by plant interactions with environmental variables and combine physiological, microbial, biotechnological and agronomic aspects. Conveying an in-depth understanding of the topic will spark the development of new cultivars and strains to induce NUE, coupled with best management practices that will immensely benefit agricultural systems, safeguarding their soil, water, and air quality. Written by recognized experts in the field, the book is intended to provide students, scientists and policymakers with essential insights into holistic approaches to NUE, as well as an overview of some successful case studies. In the present understanding of agriculture, NUE represents a question of process optimization in response to the increasing fragility of our natural resources base and threats to food grain security across the globe. Further improving nutrient use efficiency is a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop acreage into non-competitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and preventing environmental contamination. The nutrients most commonly limiting plant growth are N, P, K, S and micronutrients like Fe, Zn, B and Mo. NUE depends on the ability to efficiently take up the nutrient from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant and the environment. A number of approaches can help us to understand NUE as a whole. One involves adopting best crop management practices that take into account root-induced rhizosphere processes, which play a pivotal role in controlling nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. New technologies, from basic tools like leaf color charts to sophisticated sensor-based systems and laser land leveling, can reduce the dependency on laboratory assistance and manual labor. Another approach concerns the development of crop plants through genetic manipulations that allow them to take up and assimilate nutrients more efficiently, as well as identifying processes of plant responses to nutrient deficiency stress and exploring natural genetic variation. Though only recently introduced, the ability of microbial inoculants to induce NUE is gaining in importance, as the loss, immobilization, release and availability of nutrients are mediated by soil microbial processes.