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Mathematicians

Author: Mariana Cook
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691139512
Size: 78.94 MB
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Photographs accompanied by autobiographical text written by each mathematician.

Alan Turing Enigma

Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9783211826270
Size: 73.20 MB
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Alan Turing, Enigma ist die Biographie des legendAren britischen Mathematikers, Logikers, Kryptoanalytikers und Computerkonstrukteurs Alan Mathison Turing (1912-1954). Turing war einer der bedeutendsten Mathematiker dieses Jahrhunderts und eine hAchst exzentrische PersAnlichkeit. Er gilt seit seiner 1937 erschienenen Arbeit "On Computable Numbers," in der er das Prinzip des abstrakten Universalrechners entwickelte, als der Erfinder des Computers. Er legte auch die Grundlagen fA1/4r das heute "KA1/4nstliche Intelligenz" genannte Forschungsgebiet. Turings zentrale Frage "Kann eine Maschine denken?" war das Motiv seiner Arbeit und wird die SchlA1/4sselfrage des Umgangs mit dem Computer werden. Die bis 1975 geheimgehaltene TAtigkeit Turings fA1/4r den britischen Geheimdienst, die zur EntschlA1/4sselung des deutschen Funkverkehrs fA1/4hrte, trug entscheidend zum Verlauf und Ausgang des Zweiten Weltkriegs bei.

Mathematicians

Author: Mariana Ruth Cook
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781470448387
Size: 17.27 MB
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Photographs accompanied by autobiographical text written by each mathematician.

The Best Writing On Mathematics 2010

Author: Mircea Pitici
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691148410
Size: 60.19 MB
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This anthology brings together the year's finest writing on mathematics from around the world. Featuring promising new voices alongside some of the foremost names in mathematics, The Best Writing on Mathematics makes available to a wide audience many articles not easily found anywhere else--and you don't need to be a mathematician to enjoy them. These writings offer surprising insights into the nature, meaning, and practice of mathematics today. They delve into the history, philosophy, teaching, and everyday occurrences of math, and take readers behind the scenes of today's hottest mathematical debates. Here readers will discover why Freeman Dyson thinks some mathematicians are birds while others are frogs; why Keith Devlin believes there's more to mathematics than proof; what Nick Paumgarten has to say about the timing patterns of New York City's traffic lights (and why jaywalking is the most mathematically efficient way to cross Sixty-sixth Street); what Samuel Arbesman can tell us about the epidemiology of the undead in zombie flicks; and much, much more. In addition to presenting the year's most memorable writing on mathematics, this must-have anthology also includes a foreword by esteemed mathematician William Thurston and an informative introduction by Mircea Pitici. This book belongs on the shelf of anyone interested in where math has taken us--and where it's headed.

Mathematics Without Apologies

Author: Michael Harris
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691175837
Size: 20.73 MB
Format: PDF
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What do pure mathematicians do, and why do they do it? Looking beyond the conventional answers—for the sake of truth, beauty, and practical applications—this book offers an eclectic panorama of the lives and values and hopes and fears of mathematicians in the twenty-first century, assembling material from a startlingly diverse assortment of scholarly, journalistic, and pop culture sources. Drawing on his personal experiences and obsessions as well as the thoughts and opinions of mathematicians from Archimedes and Omar Khayyám to such contemporary giants as Alexander Grothendieck and Robert Langlands, Michael Harris reveals the charisma and romance of mathematics as well as its darker side. In this portrait of mathematics as a community united around a set of common intellectual, ethical, and existential challenges, he touches on a wide variety of questions, such as: Are mathematicians to blame for the 2008 financial crisis? How can we talk about the ideas we were born too soon to understand? And how should you react if you are asked to explain number theory at a dinner party? Disarmingly candid, relentlessly intelligent, and richly entertaining, Mathematics without Apologies takes readers on an unapologetic guided tour of the mathematical life, from the philosophy and sociology of mathematics to its reflections in film and popular music, with detours through the mathematical and mystical traditions of Russia, India, medieval Islam, the Bronx, and beyond.