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Midnight S Furies

Author: Nisid Hajari
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0547669240
Size: 65.29 MB
Format: PDF
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Named one of the best books of 2015 by NPR, Amazon, Seattle Times, and Shelf Awareness A few bloody months in South Asia during the summer of 1947 explain the world that troubles us today. Nobody expected the liberation of India and birth of Pakistan to be so bloody — it was supposed to be an answer to the dreams of Muslims and Hindus who had been ruled by the British for centuries. Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhi’s protégé and the political leader of India, believed Indians were an inherently nonviolent, peaceful people. Pakistan’s founder, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, was a secular lawyer, not a firebrand. But in August 1946, exactly a year before Independence, Calcutta erupted in street-gang fighting. A cycle of riots — targeting Hindus, then Muslims, then Sikhs — spiraled out of control. As the summer of 1947 approached, all three groups were heavily armed and on edge, and the British rushed to leave. Hell let loose. Trains carried Muslims west and Hindus east to their slaughter. Some of the most brutal and widespread ethnic cleansing in modern history erupted on both sides of the new border, searing a divide between India and Pakistan that remains a root cause of many evils. From jihadi terrorism to nuclear proliferation, the searing tale told in Midnight’s Furies explains all too many of the headlines we read today.

The Partition Of India

Author: Kate Shoup
Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
ISBN: 1502635607
Size: 50.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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From 1858 to 1947, the British ruled India. In the aftermath of World War II, Britain agreed not just to grant India's independence, but to carve from India a separate country, Pakistan, for its Muslim population. This partition sparked one of the largest mass migrations in history. It also sparked terrible violence, particularly along the new border. Indeed, historians estimate that between 250,000 and 500,000 people were killed in the conflict. This necessary book tells the story of India's partition and of the people affected by it.

The Last Englishmen

Author: Deborah Baker
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448191629
Size: 38.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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'Wholly original... It wouldn’t be an exaggeration to say that there is something Tolstoyan to Baker's vast project...remarkable' Neel Mukherjee John Auden was a pioneering geologist of the Himalayas. Michael Spender was the first to survey the northern approach to the summit of Mount Everest. While their younger brothers – W.H Auden and Stephen Spender – achieved literary fame, they vied for a place on an expedition that would finally conquer Everest, a quest that had become a metaphor for Britain’s efforts to maintain power over India. To this rivalry was added another: in the summer of 1938 both men fell in love with a painter named Nancy Sharp. Her choice would determine each man’s wartime loyalties. From Calcutta to pre-war London to the snowy slopes of Everest, The Last Englishmen tracks a generation obsessed with a romantic ideal. As political struggle rages in Spain, the march to war with Germany seems inevitable, Communist spies expand their ranks and the fight for Indian independence enters its final bloody act, writers and explorers, Englishmen and Indians must pick their cause. The Last Englishmen is an engrossing story that traces the end of empire and the stirring of a new world order. It encourages us to look again at our national story, to seek out the viewpoints of those on the other end of unchecked power, and to question our own mythologies.