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Multimedia Environmental Models

Author: Donald Mackay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN:
Size: 48.84 MB
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Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach takes a broad approach of viewing chemical behavior in the total biosphere of connected biotic and abiotic compartments. Chemicals are subject to the laws of concentration of mass, or the "mass balance." These constraints provide the opportunity to establish the quantitative expressions of chemical fate that society now demands. This book develops, describes, and illustrates a framework and procedures for calculating the behavior of chemicals in the environment. It employs both the conventional procedures, which are based on manipulations of concentrations, and procedures using the concepts of activity and fugacity to characterize equilibrium between environmental phases such as air, water, and soil. Organic chemicals are emphasized because they are more easily generalized when assessing environmental behavior. Chemical fate professionals in government, industry, and private consulting, as well as students, will find that the models and other information within this book are extremely useful in the course of their work and studies.

Multimedia Environmental Models

Author: Donald Mackay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420032542
Size: 39.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Completely revised and updated, Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach, Second Edition continues to provide simple techniques for calculating how chemicals behave in the environment, where they accumulate, how long they persist, and how this leads to human exposure. The book develops, describes, and illustrates the framework and procedures for calculating the behavior of chemicals in our multimedia environment of air, water, soil, and sediments, as well as the diversity of biota that reside in these media. While other books focus on specific compartments, such as the atmosphere, or specific substances, such as PCBs, this book presents the big picture of how organic chemicals behave in the total environment. It does this by providing examples of calculation methods based on the fugacity approach and explaining how to access up-to-date property databases and estimation methods as well as computer programs, which are available from the Internet. In addition, the models are Web based, instead of on a floppy disk as in the previous edition. Building on the work developed in the First Edition, the Second Edition includes: A how-to modeling section, more worked examples and problems- most with solutions and answers Expanded treatment of structure-activity relationships and modern estimation methods More material illustrating applications to bioaccumulation is specific organisms and food webs Emphasis on current efforts to identify PBT chemicals and exposure analysis as a component of risk assessment Examples that provide each step of modeling calculations Web-based models, and references to property databases, estimation methods, and computer programs from the Internet When you need to make assessments of chemical behavior you need current, comprehensive. Multimedia Environmental Models: The Fugacity Approach provides you with not only an understanding of how the multitude of organic chemicals behave in the total environment, but also with practical examples of how this behavior can be predicted using the fugacity approach.

Verhalten Und Abbau Von Umweltchemikalien

Author: Walter Klöpffer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527672133
Size: 30.28 MB
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Um die Gefährdung der Umwelt durch Chemikalien einschätzen zu können, reicht es nicht aus, nur die Schadwirkung, d. h. den Einfluss der Chemikalie auf die Umwelt zu betrachten. Auch der Einfluss der Umwelt auf die Chemikalie spielt eine wichtige Rolle, über deren Verteilung, Verbreitung und Abbau in den verschiedenen Umweltkompartimenten. Seit etwa 30 Jahren existieren immer wieder verbesserte Modelle, die diese Umweltfaktoren abbilden und eine Vorhersage zu Dauer und Intensität der Umweltgefährdung nach Freisetzung eines Schadstoffes ermöglichen. Mit Hilfe dieser Einführung in die Grundlagen des Verhaltens von Chemikalien in der Umwelt wird der Leser in die Lage versetzt, die verfügbaren Rechenmodelle und Simulationen zum Abbau von Chemikalien in Luft, Wasser und Boden sinnvoll einzusetzen und deren Ergebnisse fachgerecht zu interpretieren. Das Buch besteht aus vier Teilen. Der erste Teil dient als Einleitung in die Thematik, der zweite befasst sich mit der Verbreitung und Verteilung von Chemikalien in Luft, Wasser und Boden. Im dritten Teil wird der abiotische und biotische Abbau der Chemikalien betrachtet. Im vierten Teil schließlich werden die verschiedenen Verteilungs- und Abbauwege zu einfachen bis komplexen Rechenmodellen zusammengefügt, und die wichtigsten, von nationalen und internationalen Organisationen verwendeten Modelle werden eingehend anhand von Beispielen erläutert.

True Sustainability In Technological Development And Natural Resource Management

Author: M. Ibrahim Khan
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600212031
Size: 46.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The word 'sustainability' is frequently misunderstood because there are numerous definitions of sustainability and not even two definitions have converging meanings. Instead of achieving 'sustainability', some of the sustainable development projects aggravate ecological and other problems, as painfully evidenced in numerous experimental projects. This book attempts to improve our understanding of what it means to be sustainable by exploring several different sustainability projects and techniques.

Management Of Contaminated Site Problems Second Edition

Author: Kofi Asante-Duah
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429582560
Size: 14.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book will outline the strategies used in the investigation, characterization, management, and restoration and remediation for various contaminated sites. It will draw on real-world examples from across the globe to illustrate remediation techniques and discuss their applicability. It will provide guidance for the successful corrective action assessment and response programs for any type of contaminated land problem, and at any location. The systematic protocols presented will aid environmental professionals in managing contaminated land and associated problems more efficiently. This new edition will add twelve new chapters, and be fully updated and expanded throughout.

Elements Of Environmental Engineering

Author: Kalliat T. Valsaraj
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566703970
Size: 19.81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Completely revised and updated, Elements of Environmental Engineering: Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Second Edition covers the applications of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics in environmental processes. Each chapter has been rewritten and includes new examples that better illuminate the theories discussed. An excellent introduction to environmental engineering, this reference stands alone in its multimedia approach to fate and transport modeling and in pollution control design options. Clearly and lucidly written, it provides extensive tables, figures, and data that make it the reference to have on this subject.

Principles Of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Author: C.H. Walker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780748409396
Size: 49.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Over the past decade ecotoxicology has emerged as a distinct subject of interdisciplinary character. Courses in ecotoxicology reflect this and are taught by specialists in chemistry and biochemistry through to population genetics and ecology. As the first textbook to incorporate all relevant aspects of chemistry, biochemistry, toxicology, physiology, population ecology and population genetics, the first edition of this book proved to be well received across several industries. Featuring fully revised text and new illustrations, Principles of Ecotoxicology identifies the major classes of organic and inorganic pollutants, their properties, release and environmental fate, and transport in air, water and along food chains, before considering the effects that they might have upon individual organisms and ultimately whole ecosystems. This timely second edition of Principles of Ecotoxicology incorporates data collected since the first edition on subjects of current research and media interest such as organochloride pesticides, endocrine disruptors, aquatic toxicity, industrial waste and ecotoxicity testing.

Write Like A Chemist

Author: Marin Robinson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019988790X
Size: 50.27 MB
Format: PDF
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Write Like a Chemist is a unique guide to chemistry-specific writing. Written with National Science Foundation support and extensively piloted in chemistry courses nationwide, it offers a structured approach to writing that targets four important chemistry genres: the journal article, conference abstract, scientific poster, and research proposal. Chemistry students, post-docs, faculty, and other professionals interested in perfecting their disciplinary writing will find it an indispensable reference. Users of the book will learn to write through a host of exercises, ranging in difficulty from correcting single words and sentences to writing professional-quality papers, abstracts, posters, and proposals. The book's read-analyze-write approach teaches students to analyze what they read and then write, paying attention to audience, organization, writing conventions, grammar, and science content, thereby turning the complex process of writing into graduated, achievable tasks. Concise writing and organizational skills are stressed throughout, and "move structures" teach students conventional ways to present their stories of scientific discovery. This resource includes over 350 excerpts from ACS journal articles, ACS conference abstracts, and successful NSF CAREER proposals, excerpts that will serve as useful models of chemistry writing for years to come. Other special features: Usable in chemistry lab, lecture, and writing-dedicated courses Useful as a writing resource for practicing chemists Augmented by Language Tips that address troublesome areas of language and grammer in a self-study format Accompanied by a Web site: http://www.oup.com/us/writelikeachemist Supplemented with an answer key for faculty adopting the book

Water Quality Engineering

Author: Mark M. Benjamin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118632273
Size: 51.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Explains the fundamental theory and mathematics of water and wastewater treatment processes By carefully explaining both the underlying theory and the underlying mathematics, this text enables readers to fully grasp the fundamentals of physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. Throughout the book, the authors use detailed examples to illustrate real-world challenges and their solutions, including step-by-step mathematical calculations. Each chapter ends with a set of problems that enable readers to put their knowledge into practice by developing and analyzing complex processes for the removal of soluble and particulate materials in order to ensure the safety of our water supplies. Designed to give readers a deep understanding of how water treatment processes actually work, Water Quality Engineering explores: Application of mass balances in continuous flow systems, enabling readers to understand and predict changes in water quality Processes for removing soluble contaminants from water, including treatment of municipal and industrial wastes Processes for removing particulate materials from water Membrane processes to remove both soluble and particulate materials Following the discussion of mass balances in continuous flow systems in the first part of the book, the authors explain and analyze water treatment processes in subsequent chapters by setting forth the relevant mass balance for the process, reactor geometry, and flow pattern under consideration. With its many examples and problem sets, Water Quality Engineering is recommended as a textbook for graduate courses in physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. By drawing together the most recent research findings and industry practices, this text is also recommended for professional environmental engineers in search of a contemporary perspective on water and wastewater treatment processes.

Handbook Of Property Estimation Methods For Chemicals

Author: Robert S. Boethling
Publisher: CRC-Press
ISBN: 9780849341083
Size: 45.21 MB
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After seven years, a revision of the "Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods" (commonly known as "Lyman's Handbook") is finally complete. The 1999 publication of that revision, entitled Handbook of Property Estimation Methods for Environmental and Health Sciences, is one of the most eagerly anticipated developments in scientific publishing. This is a completely new book, but it includes both a foreword and a chapter by Dr. Lyman.