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Natural Polymers

Author: Maya J. John
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849734038
Size: 46.27 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2012
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This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Alternative Solvents For Green Chemistry

Author: Francesca Kerton
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782626131
Size: 23.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent? Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents - including supercritical fluids and room temperature ionic liquids - form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. Solvents are important in analytical chemistry, product purification, extraction and separation technologies, and also in the modification of materials. Therefore, in order to make chemistry more sustainable in these fields, a knowledge of alternative, greener solvents is important. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with 'alternative solvent' choices and includes information on solvents in different fields of chemistry such as analytical and materials chemistry in addition to catalysis and synthesis. The latest research developments, not covered elsewhere, are included such as switchable solvents and biosolvents. Also, some important areas that are often overlooked are described such as naturally sourced solvents (including ethanol and ethyl lactate) and liquid polymers (including poly(ethyleneglycol) and poly(dimethylsiloxane)). As well as these additional alternative solvents being included, the book takes a more general approach to solvents, not just focusing on the use of solvents in synthetic chemistry. Applications of solvents in areas such as analysis are overviewed in addition to the more widely recognised uses of alternative solvents in organic synthesis. Unfortunately, as the book shows, there is no universal green solvent and readers must ascertain their best options based on prior chemistry, cost, environmental benefits and other factors. It is important to try and minimize the number of solvent changes in a chemical process and therefore, the importance of solvents in product purification, extraction and separation technologies are highlighted. The book is aimed at newcomers to the field whether research students beginning investigations towards their thesis or industrial researchers curious to find out if an alternative solvent would be suitable in their work.

Eco Friendly Polymer Nanocomposites

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132224736
Size: 31.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book contains precisely referenced chapters, emphasizing environment-friendly polymer nanocomposites with basic fundamentals, practicality and alternatives to traditional nanocomposites through detailed reviews of different environmental friendly materials procured from different resources, their synthesis and applications using alternative green approaches. The book aims at explaining basics of eco-friendly polymer nanocomposites from different natural resources and their chemistry along with practical applications which present a future direction in the biomedical, pharmaceutical and automotive industry. The book attempts to present emerging economic and environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites that are free from side effects studied in the traditional nanocomposites. This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, with various backgrounds and expertises. This book will appeal to researchers as well as students from different disciplines. The content includes industrial applications and will fill the gap between the research works in laboratory to practical applications in related industries.

Natural Rubber Materials

Author: Sabu Thomas
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849736316
Size: 43.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The combination of its unique morphology, physical properties, cost effectiveness and environmental friendliness make natural rubber an appealing constituent for many materials and applications. Natural Rubber Materials covers the synthesis, characterization and applications of natural rubber based blends, interpenetrating polymer networks, composites and nanocomposites. With contributions from established international experts in the field, volume 1 covers different types of natural rubber-based blends and IPNs, whilst volume 2 focuses on natural rubber-based composites and nanocomposites. This is the first book to consolidate the current state of the art information on natural rubber based materials providing a "one stop" reference resource for professionals, researchers, industrial practitioners, graduate students, and senior undergraduates in the fields of polymer science and engineering, materials science, surface science, bioengineering and chemical engineering.

Nanomaterials Set

Author: Royal Society of Chemistry
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781782620785
Size: 31.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The possible uses of nanotechnology span many fields from energy to health; as a result there is a wealth of scientific nanoscience research taking place all over the world. When there's so much information available on the topic it can be difficult to get a complete overview of the latest developments. This set brings you the latest information on different nanomaterial systems including fullerenes, polymer nanofibers and nanotubes and nanowires. The set consists of: Carbon Nanotube-Polymer Composites Edited by Dimitrios Tasis (978-1-84973-568-1, 2013, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Fullerenes: Principles and Applications 2nd Edition Edited by Fernando Langa De La Puente and Jean-Francois Nierengarten (978-1-84973-136-2, 2011, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Nanoporous Gold: From an Ancient Technology to a High-Tech Material Edited by Arne Wittstock, Jürgen Biener, Jonah Erlebacher and Marcus Bäumer (978-1-84973-374-8, 2012, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Nanotubes and Nanowires: 2nd Edition by C N Ram Rao and A Govindaraj (978-1-84973-058-7, 2011, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Natural Polymers: Volume 2: Nanocomposites Edited by Maya J John and Sabu Thomas (978-1-84973-403-5, 2012, RSC Green Chemistry) Natural Rubber Materials: Volume 2: Composites and Nanocomposites Edited by Sabu Thomas, Chin Han Chan, Laly Pothen, Jithin Joy and Hanna Maria (978-1-84973-631-2, 2013, RSC Polymer Chemistry Series) Polymer Nanofibers: Building Blocks for Nanotechnology By Dario Pisignano (978-1-84973-574-2, 2013, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Polymer-Graphene Nanocomposites Edited by Vikas Mittal (978-1-84973-567-4, 2012, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Responsive Photonic Nanostructures: Smart Nanoscale Optical Materials Edited by Yadong Yin (978-1-84973-653-4, 2013, RSC Smart Materials)

Sustainable Polymer Composites And Nanocomposites

Author: Inamuddin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030053997
Size: 64.24 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.

Polymer Gels

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811060800
Size: 50.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book summarizes the recent advances in the science and engineering of polymer-gel-based materials in different fields. It also discusses the extensive research developments for the next generation of smart materials. It takes an in-depth look at the current perspectives and market opportunities while pointing to new possibilities and applications. The book addresses important topics such as stimuli responsive polymeric nanoparticles for cancer therapy; polymer gel containing metallic materials; chemotherapeutic applications in oncology; conducting polymer-based gels and their applications in biological sensors; imprinted polymeric gels for pharmaceutical and biomedical purposes; applications of biopolymeric gels in the agricultural sector; application of polymer gels and their nanocomposites in electrochemistry; smart polyelectrolyte gels as a platform for biomedical applications; agro-based polymer gels and their application in purification of industrial water wastes; polymer gel composites for bio-applications. It will be of interest to researchers working in both industry and academia.

Handbook Of Polymer Nanocomposites Processing Performance And Application

Author: Jitendra K. Pandey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642452329
Size: 25.94 MB
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Volume C forms one volume of a Handbook about Polymer Nanocomposites. Volume C deals with Polymer nano-composites of cellulose nano-particles. The preparation, architecture, characterisation, properties and application of polymer nanocomposites are discussed within some 27 chapters. Each chapter has been authored by experts in the respective field.

Bio Based Polymers And Composites

Author: Richard Wool
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080454344
Size: 34.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams. It provides an in-depth description of adhesives, resins, plastics, and composites derived from plant oils, proteins, starches, and natural fibers in terms of structures, properties, manufacturing, and product performance. This is an excellent book for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of bio-based materials. * First book describing the utilization of crops to make high performance plastics, adhesives, and composites * Interdisciplinary approach to the subject, integrating genetic engineering, plant science, food science, chemistry, physics, nano-technology, and composite manufacturing. * Explains how to make green materials at low cost from soyoil, proteins, starch, natural fibers, recycled newspapers, chicken feathers and waste agricultural by-products.

Nanocellulose Polymer Nanocomposites

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118872347
Size: 53.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Biorenewable polymers based nanomaterials are rapidly emerging as one of the most fascinating materials for multifunctional applications. Among biorenewable polymers, cellulose based nanomaterials are of great importance due to their inherent advantages such as environmental friendliness, biodegradability, biocompatibility, easy processing and cost effectiveness, to name a few. They may be produced from biological systems such as plants or be chemically synthesised from biological materials. This book summarizes the recent remarkable achievements witnessed in green technology of cellulose based nanomaterials in different fields ranging from biomedical to automotive. This book also discusses the extensive research developments for next generation nanocellulose-based polymer nanocomposites. The book contains seventeen chapters and each chapter addresses some specific issues related to nanocellulose and also demonstrates the real potentialities of these nanomaterials in different domains. The key features of the book are: Synthesis and chemistry of nanocellulose from different biorenewable resources Different characterization of nanocellulosic materials and their respective polymer nanocomposites Physico-chemical, thermal and mechanical investigation of nanocellulose based polymer nanocomposites Provides elementary information and rich understanding of the present state-of- art of nanocellulose-based materials Explores the full range of applications of different nanocellulose-based materials.