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No Rule Of Law No Democracy

Author: Cristina Nicolescu-Waggonner
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438462654
Size: 46.83 MB
Format: PDF
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Argues that new democracies face consolidation challenges due to campaign finance corruption and the unwillingness of politicians to reform rule of law enforcement. Mainstream theories assert that democracy cures corruption. In market economies, however, elections are expensive and parties, with ever-thinning memberships, cannot legally acquire the necessary campaign funds. In order to secure electoral funds, a large number of politicians misappropriate public funds. Due to the illicit character of these transactions, high officials with conflicts of interest prefer to leave anticorruption enforcement mechanisms unreformed and reserve the right to intervene in the judicial process, with dire consequences for the rule of law. In No Rule of Law, No Democracy, Cristina Nicolescu-Waggonner demonstrates that when corrupt politicians are in power—true of nearly all new democracies—they will protect their office and fail to implement rule of law reforms. Consequently, these polities never reach a point where democracy could and would cure corruption. This dysfunction is tested in one hundred cases over sixteen years with significant results. In the case of the Czech Republic, for example, which is regarded as a consolidated democracy, there is systematic corruption, misappropriation of state funds, an unreformed judiciary, and arbitrary application of law. The only solution is a powerful, independent, well-funded anticorruption agency. Romania, one of the most corrupt countries in Europe, established, at the European Union’s request, powerful anticorruption bodies and punished corrupt leaders, which created the predictability of enforcement. It is the certainty of punishment that curtails corruption and establishes true rule of law.

Corruption And Democracy

Author:
Publisher: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9789287163554
Size: 78.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Political corruption contributes to the decline of citizens' trust and confidence in democracy and weakens democratic principles and processes. The contributions in this book identify risks that corruption poses to the future of democracy in Europe, and propose a wide range of measures for action which are aimed at preventing political corruption (including undue influence on the justice system), enhancing transparency and accountability, and rebuilding confidence in democracy.--Publisher's description.

Democracy Promotion And Conflict Based Reconstruction

Author: Matthew Alan Hill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415588928
Size: 24.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book investigates US foreign policy and tests the hypothesis that transition-inspired democracy promotion will successfully establish liberal democracy around the world, and thus fulfil the aims of the American mission and its application of the democratic peace. It features two detailed case studies exploring political liberalization in Bosnia and Afghanistan, and suggests that the conclusions are applicable to other cases by highlighting the US mission in Iraq. The author critically examines US foreign policy in a theoretical and historical context, focusing on the United States Agency for International Developmentâe(tm)s (USAID) democracy assistance. It demonstrates that if liberal democracy is the end-goal of USAIDâe(tm)s strategy then the theoretical and practical limitations of transition-inspired assistance will impede the attainment of this goal. In examining US democracy promotion in Bosnia, Afghanistan and Iraq during the Clinton and Bush administrations, the book concludes by considering its future during the Obama administration. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of International Relations, US Foreign Policy and Democratization Studies. A video of a panel discussing Matthew Hill's book and associated topics in more detail can be found here: http://www.sas.ac.uk/videos-and-podcasts/politics-development-human-rights/old-wine-new-bottle-democratisation-lessons-af

Democracy At Large

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 19.60 MB
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IFES published this quarterly magazine from 2004-2006 for scholars and practitioners interested in democratic development. Each issue addresses current affairs in the field of democracy promotion.

Democratic Institutions And Politics In Contexts Of Inequality Poverty And Conflict

Author: Robin Luckham
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 37.36 MB
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An analysis of democracy and its relevance to the challenges of broadening popular participation, reducing poverty and social exclusion and managing violent conflict, especially in the present day East and South. The paper argues that the spread of democratic institutions does not necessarily mean the spread of democratic politics but that the former will only flourish when they are actively supported by the latter. The design and structure of democratic institutions also makes a difference, both creating space for democratic politics and shaping how elected governments deal with the issues of participation, socio-economic justice and conflict.