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Observer Mechanics

Author: Bruce M. Bennett
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483263134
Size: 64.81 MB
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Observer Mechanics: A Formal Theory of Perception provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of perception. This book provides an approach to the study of perception that attempts to be both general and rigorous. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the structure of perceptual capacity. This text then presents the relationship between observers and Turing machines. Other chapters provide a formal framework in which to describe an observer and its objects of perception, and then develop from this framework a perceptual dynamics. This book discusses as well the conditions in which an observer may be said to perceive truly and discusses how stabilities in perceptual dynamics might permit the genesis of higher level observers. The final chapter deals with the relationship between the formalisms of quantum mechanics and observer mechanics. This book is a valuable resource for physicists, psychophysicists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and perceptual psychologists.

Wittgenstein And The Theory Of Perception

Author: Justin Good
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1847142001
Size: 67.34 MB
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Ludwig Wittgenstein's later philosophy comes alive when it is used as a vehicle for philosophical discovery, rather than when it is interpreted merely as a system of propositions. In this study of Wittgenstein's later work on the philosophy of psychology, his cryptic remarks on visual meaning and the analysis of the concept of perception are used as a basis for a new approach to the philosophical study of perception. Justin Good analyses a host of issues in contemporary philosophy of mind and visual studies, including the concepts of visual meaning, visual qualia and the ineffability of visual experience. He also explores the relation between conceptual analysis and causal explanation in the theory of perception, and the relation between visual syntax and visual meaning. The larger aim of Wittgenstein and the Theory of Perception is to demonstrate a way to appreciate cutting-edge theoretical work on perception while at the same time grasping the limits of such research. In turn, this method not only offers a productive framework for clarifying the complex conceptual shifts between different contexts - like the differing concepts of 'seeing' in, for example, art history and neuro-anatomy; it also provides real insights into the nature of perception itself.

Perception As Bayesian Inference

Author: David C. Knill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316582523
Size: 60.48 MB
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Bayesian probability theory has emerged not only as a powerful tool for building computational theories of vision, but also as a general paradigm for studying human visual perception. This 1996 book provides an introduction to and critical analysis of the Bayesian paradigm. Leading researchers in computer vision and experimental vision science describe general theoretical frameworks for modelling vision, detailed applications to specific problems and implications for experimental studies of human perception. The book provides a dialogue between different perspectives both within chapters, which draw on insights from experimental and computational work, and between chapters, through commentaries written by the contributors on each others' work. Students and researchers in cognitive and visual science will find much to interest them in this thought-provoking collection.

How Is Quantum Field Theory Possible

Author: Sunny Y Auyang
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195357615
Size: 54.10 MB
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How can we know the microscopic world without a measurement theory? What are the general conditions of the world that make possible such knowledge? What are the presuppositions of physical theories? This book includes an analysis of quantum field theory, and quantum mechanics and interacting systems are addressed in a unified framework.

Interpreting Quantum Mechanics

Author: Lars-Göran Johansson
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754657385
Size: 65.92 MB
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Presenting a realistic interpretation of quantum mechanics and, in particular, a realistic view of quantum waves, this book defends, with one exception, Schrodinger's views on quantum mechanics. Johansson goes on to defend the view that the collapse of a wave function during a measurement is a real physical collapse of a wave and argues that the collapse is a consequence of quantisation of interaction. Lastly Johansson argues for a revised principle of individuation in the quantum domain and that this principle enables a sort of explanation of non-local phenomena.

Hermeneutic Philosophy Of Science Van Gogh S Eyes And God

Author: B.E. Babich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401717672
Size: 56.41 MB
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This richly textured book bridges analytic and hermeneutic and phenomenological philosophy of science. It features unique resources for students of the philosophy and history of quantum mechanics and the Copenhagen Interpretation, cognitive theory and the psychology of perception, the history and philosophy of art, and the pragmatic and historical relationships between religion and science.

Interpreting The Quantum World

Author: Jeffrey Bub
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521653862
Size: 16.66 MB
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Philosophy of physics title by highly regarded author, fully revised for this paperback edition.

Mindful Universe

Author: Henry P. Stapp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540724133
Size: 59.85 MB
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The classical mechanistic idea of nature that prevailed during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was essentially mindless: the physically described aspects of nature were asserted to be completely determined by prior physically described aspects alone, with conscious experiences entering only passively. In the last century these classical concepts were found inadequate. In the new quantum mechanics theory, conscious experiences enter into the dynamics in specified ways not fixed by physically described aspects alone.

Physical A Causality

Author: Karl Svozil
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319708155
Size: 76.63 MB
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book addresses the physical phenomenon of events that seem to occur spontaneously and without any known cause. These are to be contrasted with events that happen in a (pre-)determined, predictable, lawful, and causal way. All our knowledge is based on self-reflexive theorizing, as well as on operational means of empirical perception. Some of the questions that arise are the following: are these limitations reflected by our models? Under what circumstances does chance kick in? Is chance in physics merely epistemic? In other words, do we simply not know enough, or use too crude levels of description for our predictions? Or are certain events "truly", that is, irreducibly, random? The book tries to answer some of these questions by introducing intrinsic, embedded observers and provable unknowns; that is, observables and procedures which are certified (relative to the assumptions) to be unknowable or undoable. A (somewhat iconoclastic) review of quantum mechanics is presented which is inspired by quantum logic. Postulated quantum (un-)knowables are reviewed. More exotic unknowns originate in the assumption of classical continua, and in finite automata and generalized urn models, which mimic complementarity and yet maintain value definiteness. Traditional conceptions of free will, miracles and dualistic interfaces are based on gaps in an otherwise deterministic universe.

Poetical Relationships

Author: Robert Tabor
Publisher:,, B
ISBN: 9781419617201
Size: 10.75 MB
Format: PDF
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Powerful, thrilling new insights pointing to meaning and how everything began. As Leaves of Grass', and 'The Prophet', 'Poetical Relationships' is a small book, however, which also traverses a broad range of ideas and experiences. It provides a short reading, for these busy times, which, however, also inspires boundless reflection and discovery. It makes a valuable, inexpensive addition to a personal library. Interest in seeking a possible theory of everything, or what had been called at times the ultimate truth, has been the subject of numerous recent writings. Presented are unique reflections by an open-minded scientist on twenty subjects including evolution, aesthetics, quantum mechanics, and other intriguing topics using the prism of poetical phraseology to reveal novel perceptions. Philosophy had once been the domain of certain thinkers who often sought answers to metaphysical questions by making use of accurate observation, deduction, and the use of logic. Thus, a new avenue to formal knowledge had become developed, apart from revelation, which laid the basis for the scientific method. However, as science began to describe the world, it was realized that findings from science had major philosophical implications; thus the process has come full circle and increasingly more scientists are writing about the philosophical and metaphysical implications of science. From being a specialist in science, the author transforms himself to become an observer, much as a passenger on a train, of nature, science, and the cosmos enabling new insights regarding original cause. The author assembles the philosophical and metaphysical observations into a collection of literary impressions and abstractions.