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Online Dispute Resolution For Consumers In The European Union

Author: Pablo Cortés
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136943501
Size: 56.81 MB
Format: PDF
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A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via as well as the OAPEN Library platform, It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license and is part of the OAPEN-UK research project. E-commerce offers immense challenges to traditional dispute resolution methods, as it entails parties often located in different parts of the world making contracts with each other at the click of a mouse. The use of traditional litigation for disputes arising in this forum is often inconvenient, impractical, time-consuming and expensive due to the low value of the transactions and the physical distance between the parties. Thus modern legal systems face a crucial choice: either to adopt traditional dispute resolution methods that have served the legal systems well for hundreds of years or to find new methods which are better suited to a world not anchored in territorial borders. Online Dispute Resolution (ODR), originally an off-shoot of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), takes advantage of the speed and convenience of the Internet, becoming the best, and often the only option for enhancing consumer redress and strengthening their trust in e-commerce. This book provides an in-depth account of the potential of ODR for European consumers, offering a comprehensive and up to date analysis of the development of ODR. It considers the current expansion of ODR and evaluates the challenges posed in its growth. The book proposes the creation of legal standards to close the gap between the potential of ODR services and their actual use, arguing that ODR, if it is to realise its full potential in the resolution of e-commerce disputes and in the enforcement of consumer rights, must be grounded firmly on a European regulatory model.

The Regulation Of Internet Pornography

Author: Abhilash Nair
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317538285
Size: 63.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The regulation of pornography has always been a contentious issue, which has sparked wide-ranging debates surrounding the acceptability and place of pornography in society. The use of the internet to distribute and access pornography has magnified this debate and has presented a number of challenges for the law in terms of effective and proportionate regulation. Following unsuccessful attempts by states to transpose traditional laws to cyberspace, a new and radical regulatory framework eventually evolved for regulating internet pornography. In this process, the focus of the law has changed from merely controlling the publication and distribution of obscene material to a model that aims to deter private consumption of illegal content. In addition, various self- and co-regulatory initiatives have been introduced with the involvement of non-state actors, imposing a certain degree of de facto liability on intermediaries, all of which raise interesting issues. This book examines the relevant regulatory responses to internet pornography, with particular reference to the UK, but also drawing comparisons with other countries where relevant. It argues that the internet has fundamentally, and in many ways irreversibly, changed the regulation of pornography. Classifying internet pornography into three broad categories – child pornography, extreme pornography, and adult pornography – the book provides an in-depth analysis of the legal issues involved in regulating internet pornography, and argues that the notions of obscenity and indecency on their own will not provide an adequate basis for regulating online pornography. The book identifies the legitimising factors that will lend credibility and normative force to the law in order to successfully regulate pornography in cyberspace. It is the only comprehensive text that rigorously addresses the regulation of internet pornography as a whole, and offers valuable insights that will appeal to academics, students, policy makers, and those working in the areas of broader internet governance and online child protection.

Balancing Privacy And Free Speech

Author: Mark Tunick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317650379
Size: 80.94 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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In an age of smartphones, Facebook and YouTube, privacy may seem to be a norm of the past. This book addresses ethical and legal questions that arise when media technologies are used to give individuals unwanted attention. Drawing from a broad range of cases within the US, UK, Australia, Europe, and elsewhere, Mark Tunick asks whether privacy interests can ever be weightier than society’s interest in free speech and access to information. Taking a comparative and interdisciplinary approach, and drawing on the work of political theorist Jeremy Waldron concerning toleration, the book argues that we can still have a legitimate interest in controlling the extent to which information about us is disseminated. The book begins by exploring why privacy and free speech are valuable, before developing a framework for weighing these conflicting values. By taking up key cases in the US and Europe, and the debate about a ‘right to be forgotten’, Tunick discusses the potential costs of limiting free speech, and points to legal remedies and other ways to develop new social attitudes to privacy in an age of instant information sharing. This book will be of great interest to students of privacy law, legal ethics, internet governance and media law in general.

Consumer Protection And Online Auction Platforms

Author: Christine Riefa
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131716122X
Size: 54.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Online auctions have undergone many transformations and continue to attract millions of customers worldwide. However these popular platforms remain understudied by legal scholars and misunderstood by legislators. This book explores the legal classification of online auction sites across a range of countries in Europe. Including empirical studies conducted on 28 online auction websites in the UK, the research focusses on the protection of consumers’ economic rights and highlights the shortcomings that the law struggles to control. With examinations into important developments, including the Consumer Rights Directive and the latest case law from the CJEU on the liability of intermediaries, Riefa anticipates changes in the law, and points out further changes that are needed to create a safe legal environment for consumers, whilst preserving the varied business model adopted by online auction sites. The study provides insights into how technical measures as well as a tighter legislative framework or enforcement pattern could provide consumers with better protection, in turn reinforcing trust, and ultimately benefiting the online auction platforms themselves.

Rhetorik Und Stilistik Rhetoric And Stylistics Halbband 1

Author: Ulla Fix
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110211408
Size: 36.53 MB
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The series Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science is designed to illuminate a field which not only includes general linguistics and the study of linguistics as applied to specific languages, but also covers those more recent areas which have developed from the increasing body of research into the manifold forms of communicative action and interaction.


Author: Fabian Klinck
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110363623
Size: 68.14 MB
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Politik, Gesetzgebung, Wissenschaft, aber auch die Rechtsanwender gehen bei ihrer Arbeit von einem bestimmten Verbraucherleitbild aus. Dieses Leitbild ist aus ganz unterschiedlichen Elementen zusammengesetzt und der dauernden Veränderung unterworfen. Empirische, psychologische, soziologische, philosophische und normative Aspekte können für sich allein und im Zusammenwirken miteinander eine Rolle spielen. Dabei ergeben sich im internationalen Vergleich unterschiedliche Perspektiven: Geprägt von nationalen Traditionen und kulturellen Gepflogenheiten, geprägt auch von der Systematik des nationalen Rechts, legen unterschiedliche nationale Rechte unterschiedliche Verbraucherleitbilder zugrunde. Die Rechtsangleichung wirkt darauf auf unterschiedliche Weise ein. Ziel dieses Tagungsbandes ist es, auf interdisziplinärer und vergleichender Grundlage eine Bestandsaufnahme der aktuellen Diskussion zu liefern und den intra- und interdisziplinären Dialog zu beleben.

Mediation In Der Wirtschaft

Author: Christian Duve
ISBN: 9783504062569
Size: 23.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Konflikte entstehen in allen Lebensbereichen, auch in und zwischen Unternehmen - schlimmstenfalls können sie diese sogar in den Ruin treiben. Damit es nicht so weit kommt, bietet das Instrument der Mediation effektive Möglichkeiten, Konflikte für alle Beteiligten zufrieden stellend und kostengünstig außergerichtlich zu lösen. Wer das Verfahren der Mediation fundiert beherrschen und zugleich einen Blick "hinter die Kulissen" der praktischen Nutzung der Wirtschaftsmediation werfen will, der greift am besten gleich zur Neuauflage dieses Standardwerks dreier Top-Experten der Mediationsszene: Das Buch von Duve/Eidenmüller/Hacke schildert Hintergründe der Entstehung von Konflikten ebenso wie die Methoden und Möglichkeiten der Wirtschaftsmediation. Es verdeutlicht anschaulich die Rolle des Mediators und stellt eingehend die Techniken entlang der einzelnen Phasen eines Mediationsverfahrens dar. Zudem wird aufgezeigt, wie die Mediation und andere Methoden der außergerichtlichen Konfliktbeilegung dauerhaft in Unternehmen verankert werden können. Viele Beispiele aus der reichhaltigen praktischen Erfahrung der Autoren sowie Muster und andere Tipps geben dem Leser konkrete Hilfsmittel für den Einsatz in Mediationsverfahren an die Hand. Somit eignet sich das Buch sowohl für Einsteiger als auch für den Praktiker, der einen detaillierten Leitfaden und geeignete Werkzeuge sucht.