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Organizing Global Technology Flows

Author: Pierre-Yves Donzé
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135013578
Size: 67.18 MB
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Research on the international transfer of technology in economics and management literature has primarily focused on the role of countries and that of companies, in particular multinational enterprises (MNEs). Similarly, economic and business historians have tended to view international technology transfer as a way for economically ‘backward’ countries to acquire new technologies in order to catch up with more developed economies. This volume provides a more in-depth understanding of how the international transfer of technologies is organized and, in particular, challenges the core-periphery model that is still dominant in the extant literature. By looking beyond national systems of innovation, and statistics on foreign trade, patent registration and foreign direct investment, the book sheds more light on the variety of actors involved in the transfer process (including engineers, entrepreneurs, governments, public bodies, firms, etc.) and on how they make use of a broad set of national and international institutions facilitating technology transfer. Put differently, the volume offers a better understanding of the complexity of global technology flows by examining the role and actions of the different actors involved. By bringing together a number of original case studies covering many different countries over the period from the late 19th to the 21st century, the book demonstrates how technology is being transferred through complex processes, involving a variety of actors from several countries using the national and international institutional frameworks.

The Organization Of Transport

Author: Massimo Moraglio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317800656
Size: 16.98 MB
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Over the past ten years, the study of mobility has demonstrated groundbreaking approaches and new research patterns. These investigations criticize the concept of mobility itself, suggesting the need to merge transport and communication research, and to approach the topic with novel instruments and new methodologies. Following the debates on the role of users in shaping transport technology, new mobility research includes debates from sociology, planning, economy, geography, history, and anthropology. This edited volume examines how users, policy-makers, and industrial managers have organized and continue to organize mobility, with a particularly attention to Europe, North America, and Asia. Taking a long-term and comparative perspective, the volume brings together thirteen chapters from the fields of urban studies, history, cultural studies, and geography. Covering a variety of countries and regions, these chapters investigate how various actors have shaped transport systems, creating models of mobility that differ along a number of dimensions, including public vs. private ownership and operation as well as individual vs. collective forms of transportation. The contributions also examine the extent to which initial models have created path dependencies in terms of technology, physical infrastructure, urban development, and cultural and behavioral preferences that limit subsequent choices.

Industrial Development Technology Transfer And Global Competition

Author: Pierre-Yves Donze
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131722633X
Size: 44.46 MB
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The phenomena of Japan emerging as one of the most competitive industrial nations in the twentieth century and the general shift of competitiveness to East Asia since the 1980s have been widely studied by many scholars from different fields of the social sciences. Drawing on sources from Japanese, Swiss, and American archives, the historical analysis of this book tackles a wide range of actors and sheds light on the various processes that enabled Japanese watch companies to transfer technology and expand commercially starting in the second half of the nineteenth century. By exploring the case of the watch industry, this book serves to establish a better understanding of the origins of the competitiveness of Japanese manufacturing and its evolution until its decline in the post‐bubble economy (in the 1990s and 2000s).

Corporate Governance And Capital Flows In A Global Economy

Author: Peter K. Cornelius
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195347586
Size: 49.29 MB
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This volume is a timely and insightful exploration into the issues of corporate governance and the impact of corporate governance practices on investments in developing countries. Sponsored by the World Economic Forum, INSEAD, and Wharton, this book collects original essays from senior researchers at the worlds top academic institutions as well as from key policymakers and business leaders, It analyzes global aspects of governance in relation to such issues as corporate performance, privatization, venture capitalism, and workers. With global financial markets having become more integrated, the book pays particular attention to the role of corporate governance in emerging-market economies and international capital flows. Rich in facts and ideas, Corporate Governance and Capital Flows in a Global Economy is a must read for anyone interested in financial crises international risk management, and global competitiveness.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 141297464X
Size: 10.98 MB
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This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Global Information Systems And Technology

Author: P. Candace Deans
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 9781878289216
Size: 19.64 MB
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Many of the technological and managerial challenges of operating in the international environment are being addressed through global IT applications at the functional level of the organization. Global Information Systems and Technology: Focus on the Organization and Its Functional Areas provides a forum for identifying the specific impacts of IT in each of these areas and for understanding how the various challenges and solutions in the functional areas are being integrated via information technology. With a total of 27 chapters, this book examines several functional areas -- marketing, financial services, accounting, manufacturing and logistics, research and development, human resources -- all within the context of today's international business enterprise.

International Management

Author: Carl Rodrigues
Publisher: South-Western Pub
ISBN: 9780324041507
Size: 70.86 MB
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International Management teaches the managerial process in a global context and illustrates how culture affects the managerial process. The second edition of International Management has been updated and revised to reflect the most recent research, laws, cases, examples and the pervasive impact of technology on global business to provide the most current perspectives of international management.

National Interests In An Age Of Global Technology

Author: National Academy of Engineering
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309043298
Size: 66.63 MB
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U.S. policymakers must come to terms with the implications of the "globalization of technology"--specifically, the dramatic increase in crossborder technical activities of private corporations and the rapid growth and redistribution of global technical capabilities since the mid-1970s. This book presents a policy framework for reconciling our national interests with the realities of the emerging global technical enterprise. Specific recommendations address how public policies can help ensure that U.S. citizens derive a fair share of the benefits of the global technology base. The volume discusses corporate nationality and its relevance to the policy debate, the need for greater international policy cooperation and negotiation in antitrust law, and the obligations of multinational corporations and their home and host governments. It also includes a series of detailed, up-to-date "technology profiles" of eight global industries, from aircraft engines to semiconductors.