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Linking Optical And Chemical Properties Of Dissolved Organic Matter In Natural Waters

Author: Christopher L. Osburn
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889450813
Size: 79.95 MB
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A substantial increase in the number of studies using the optical properties (absorbance and fluorescence) of dissolved organic matter (DOM) as a proxy for its chemical properties in estuaries and the coastal and open ocean has occurred during the last decade. We are making progress on finding the actual chemical compounds or phenomena responsible for DOM’s optical properties. Ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry, in particular, has made important progress in making the key connections between optics and chemistry. But serious questions remain and the last major special issue on DOM optics and chemistry occurred nearly 10 years ago. Controversies remain from the non-specific optical properties of DOM that are not linked to discrete sources, and sometimes provide conflicting information. The use of optics, which is relatively easier to employ in synoptic and high resolution sampling to determine chemistry, is a critical connection to make and can lead to major advances in our understanding of organic matter cycling in all aquatic ecosystems. The contentions and controversies raised by our poor understanding of the linkages between optics and chemistry of DOM are bottlenecks that need to be addressed and overcome.

Polar Oceanography Chemistry Biology And Geology

Author: Walker O. Smith
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: 9780126530322
Size: 76.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Polar Oceanography is an integrated synthesis of the biological, physical, geological, and chemical processes that occur in the polar oceans. The book represents the first modern interdisciplinary synthesis of this field.

Ocean Circulation And Climate

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123918537
Size: 32.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation. Presents in situ and remote observations with worldwide coverage Provides theoretical understanding of processes within the ocean and at its boundaries to other Earth System components Allows for simulating ocean and climate processes in the past, present and future using a hierarchy of physical-biogeochemical models

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Scientific Report

Author: ACIA - Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521865093
Size: 48.11 MB
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Arctic Climate Impact Assessment was prepared by an international team of over 300 scientists, experts, and knowledgeable members of indigenous communities, and is the most comprehensive volume on Arctic climate change available. Illustrated in full color throughout.

Ocean Circulation And Climate

Author: Cecilie Mauritzen
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128058668
Size: 10.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Observations made during the 1990s and 2000s indicate that the Arctic physical environment and associated ecosystem are undergoing remarkable changes. The observed reduction in Arctic sea ice extent is arguably the strongest, most powerful visual symbol of climate change. The Arctic Ocean is changing as well. Here we discuss, from an observational point of view, the present understanding of the circulation, water masses, and stratification of the Arctic Ocean, highlighting the changes that have taken place during the past few decades. Many of these ocean signals evolve rapidly, making it essential that the state of the Arctic/Subarctic is observed continually, using all the recent advances that have been made in high-latitude monitoring and in Earth System understanding. Taking recent investigations of the Arctic atmosphere and sea ice as guides, we deem it likely that signatures of anthropogenic climate change in the Arctic/Subarctic Seas will begin to emerge above the high level of natural variability within the next decade.

The Ocean In Motion

Author: Manuel G. Velarde
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319719343
Size: 47.27 MB
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This book commemorates the 70th birthday of Eugene Morozov, the noted Russian observational oceanographer. It contains many contributions reflecting his fields of interest, including but not limited to tidal internal waves, ocean circulation, deep ocean currents, and Arctic oceanography. Special attention is paid to studies on internal waves and especially those on tidal internal waves in the Global Ocean. These papers describe the most important open problems concerning experimental studies of internal waves and their theoretical, numerical, and laboratory modeling. Further contributions investigate the physics of surface waves and their interaction with internal waves. Here, the focus is on describing interaction processes between internal waves and deep currents in the ocean, especially currents of Antarctic Bottom Water in abyssal fractures. They also touch on the problem of oceanic circulation and related processes in fjords, including those occurring under sea ice. Given its breadth of coverage, the book will appeal to anyone interested in a survey of ocean dynamics, ranging from historic perspectives to modern research topics.