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Solutions To Political Polarization In America

Author: Nathaniel Persily
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107087112
Size: 65.46 MB
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"This volume assembles several of the nation's top analysts of polarization in American politics. However, unlike the many other volumes written on this subject, this book focuses on solutions to polarization. As such, it necessarily takes these authors,who more often analyze causes and consequences than propose remedies, out of their comfort zone. Debunking conventional wisdom and warning of unintended consequences tend to be more valuable coins in the realm of political science. The professional risksusually exceed the rewards of sticking out one's neck to suggest, with admittedly incomplete information, reforms that might address the most serious policy challenges of the day. We are, therefore, very thankful for the Hewlett Foundation, which helped alter the cost-benefit calculus and support a conference that produced the papers for this volume"--

Political Polarization In American Politics

Author: John Sides
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1501306286
Size: 38.87 MB
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Political Polarization in American Politics provides short, accessible chapters about the nature and extent of political polarization within the American public and in American political institutions. These chapters capture the central ideas and debates in political science research on polarization, and are written by leading scholars in this subfield. Each chapter is accompanied by discussion questions and a guide to further reading, making this a great addition to any course looking at issues of polarization.

American Gridlock

Author: James A. Thurber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107114160
Size: 26.50 MB
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American Gridlock is a comprehensive analysis of polarization encompassing national and state politics, voters, elites, activists, the media, and the three branches of government.


Author: James E. Campbell
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140088344X
Size: 28.97 MB
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Many continue to believe that the United States is a nation of political moderates. In fact, it is a nation divided. It has been so for some time and has grown more so. This book provides a new and historically grounded perspective on the polarization of America, systematically documenting how and why it happened. Polarized presents commonsense benchmarks to measure polarization, draws data from a wide range of historical sources, and carefully assesses the quality of the evidence. Through an innovative and insightful use of circumstantial evidence, it provides a much-needed reality check to claims about polarization. This rigorous yet engaging and accessible book examines how polarization displaced pluralism and how this affected American democracy and civil society. Polarized challenges the widely held belief that polarization is the product of party and media elites, revealing instead how the American public in the 1960s set in motion the increase of polarization. American politics became highly polarized from the bottom up, not the top down, and this began much earlier than often thought. The Democrats and the Republicans are now ideologically distant from each other and about equally distant from the political center. Polarized also explains why the parties are polarized at all, despite their battle for the decisive median voter. No subject is more central to understanding American politics than political polarization, and no other book offers a more in-depth and comprehensive analysis of the subject than this one.

Political Polarization And Independent Voters In American Politics

Author: Jung-Min Hong
Size: 26.45 MB
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Partisans in the United States Congress have become more polarized over the past several decades. Now, most elite Democrats are liberals and most elite Republicans are conservatives in Congress. When parties head towards the extremes, independents (whose ideological position is usually moderate) may feel that they are more distant from parties, and thus not being represented. So, how has the elite polarization affected independents' political attitudes and participation? Some scholars, such as Abramowitz and Saunders, argue that the elite polarization has enabled ordinary Americans to recognize parties' ideological differences easily, which means that more moderate citizens can be involved in political process and turnout to vote. Other scholars, such as Fiorina, Abrams and Pope, argue that polarization in Congress is alienating many moderate citizens from the political process, further turning the moderate citizens off to politics. This disagreement on the effects of political polarization raises the question: has the polarization increased independents' political participation or not? Then, what kinds of independents are more involved in politics and what kinds of independents are turned off by the polarization? I examine how the polarization in Congress has affected independent voters' political attitudes on ideological policy positions, political efficacy, trust in government and affection for parties. The research also focuses on independent voters' political participation such as campaign participation and voter turnout. I find that the elite partisan polarization in Congress has allowed independent voters to understand party differences more easily, which has made independents move towards a more ideologically extreme position and achieve greater political efficacy. Also, the elite partisan polarization in Congress has made independents dislike polarized political parties and distrust government more. As a result, the elite partisan polarization in Congress has increased independents' political participation in campaigns and voter turnout too. For the research, I used multiple regression, logistic regression and a path analysis to analyze American National Election Studies data from 1960-2012.

Uncivil Agreement

Author: Lilliana Mason
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022652468X
Size: 15.14 MB
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Political polarization in America is at an all-time high, and the conflict has moved beyond disagreements about matters of policy. For the first time in more than twenty years, research has shown that members of both parties hold strongly unfavorable views of their opponents. This is polarization rooted in social identity, and it is growing. The campaign and election of Donald Trump laid bare this fact of the American electorate, its successful rhetoric of “us versus them” tapping into a powerful current of anger and resentment. With Uncivil Agreement, Lilliana Mason looks at the growing social gulf across racial, religious, and cultural lines, which have recently come to divide neatly between the two major political parties. She argues that group identifications have changed the way we think and feel about ourselves and our opponents. Even when Democrats and Republicans can agree on policy outcomes, they tend to view one other with distrust and to work for party victory over all else. Although the polarizing effects of social divisions have simplified our electoral choices and increased political engagement, they have not been a force that is, on balance, helpful for American democracy. Bringing together theory from political science and social psychology, Uncivil Agreement clearly describes this increasingly “social” type of polarization in American politics and will add much to our understanding of contemporary politics.

Party Wars

Author: Barbara Sinclair
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806185015
Size: 40.58 MB
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Party Wars is the first book to describe how the ideological gulf now separating the two major parties developed and how today’s fierce partisan competition affects the political process and national policy. Barbara Sinclair traces the current ideological divide to changes in the Republican party in the 1970s and 1980s, including the rise of neoconservativism and the Religious Right. Because of these historical developments, Democratic and Republican voters today differ substantially in what they consider good public policy, and so do the politicians they elect. Polarization has produced institutional consequences in the House of Representatives and in the Senate—witness the majority party’s threat in 2004–2005 to use the “nuclear option” of abolishing the filibuster. The president’s strategies for dealing with Congress have also been affected, raising the price of compromise with the opposing party and allowing a Republican president to govern largely from the ideological right. Other players in the national policy community—interest groups, think tanks, and the media—have also joined one or the other partisan “team.” Party Wars puts all the parts together to provide the first government-wide survey of the impact of polarization on national politics. Sinclair pinpoints weaknesses in the highly polarized system and offers several remedies.

Polarized America

Author: Nolan McCarty
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262528622
Size: 45.90 MB
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Updated analysis of how the increasing polarization of American politics has been accompanied and accelerated by greater income inequality.

Party Polarization In Congress

Author: Sean M. Theriault
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139473002
Size: 75.35 MB
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The political parties in Congress are as polarized as they have been in 100 years. This book examines more than 30 years of congressional history to understand how it is that the Democrats and Republicans on Capitol Hill have become so divided. It finds that two steps were critical for this development. First, the respective parties' constituencies became more politically and ideologically aligned. Second, members ceded more power to their party leaders, who implemented procedures more frequently and with greater consequence. In fact, almost the entire rise in party polarization can be accounted for in the increasing frequency of and polarization on procedures used during the legislative process.