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Public Policies In Shared Societies

Author: M. Fitzduff
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137276320
Size: 56.29 MB
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Communities throughout the world are increasingly diverse in their racial, ethnic and religious make up. Using examples drawn from over 50 countries in a variety of fields from economics to education, this book explores how governmental, economic and social institutions are adapting their policies to create more cohesive and peaceful societies.

Conflict Transformation And Reconciliation

Author: Sarah Maddison
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134654030
Size: 38.26 MB
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This book examines approaches to reconciliation and peacebuilding in settler colonial, post-conflict, and divided societies. In contrast to current literature, this book provides a broader assessment of reconciliation and conflict transformation by applying a distinctive ‘multi-level’ approach. The analysis provides a unique intervention in the field, one that significantly complicates received notions of reconciliation and transitional justice, and considers conflict transformation across the constitutional, institutional, and relational levels of society. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in South Africa, Northern Ireland, Australia, and Guatemala, the work presents an interdisciplinary study of the complex political challenges facing societies attempting to transition either from violence and authoritarianism to peace and democracy, or from colonialism to post-colonialism. Informed by theories of agonistic democracy, the book conceives of reconciliation as a process that is deeply political, and that prioritises the capacity to retain and develop democratic political contest in societies that have, in other ways, been able to resolve their conflicts. The cases considered suggest that reconciliation is most likely an open-ended process rather than a goal — a process that requires divided societies to pay ongoing attention to reconciliatory efforts at all levels, long after the eyes of the world have moved on from countries where the work of reconciliation is thought to be finished. This book will be of great interest to students of reconciliation, conflict transformation, peacebuilding, transitional justice and IR in general.

Ethno Cultural Diversity And Human Rights

Author: Gaetano Pentassuglia
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004328785
Size: 21.16 MB
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Drawing from diverse scholarship in international law, legal and moral philosophy, and political science, Ethno-Cultural Diversity and Human Rights brings prominent experts together to address contested dimensions of the role of ethno-cultural groups in human rights discourse.

Comparative Public Policy In Latin America

Author: Jordi Díez
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442610905
Size: 20.23 MB
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This pioneering collection offers a comprehensive investigation into how to study public policy in Latin America. While this region exhibits many similarities with the North American and European countries that have traditionally served as sources for generating public policy knowledge, Latin American countries are also different in many fundamental ways. As such, existing policy concepts and frameworks may not always be the most effective tools of analysis for this unique region. To fill this gap, Comparative Public Policy in Latin America offers guidelines for refining current theories to suit Latin America's contemporary institutional and socio-economic realities. The contributors accomplish this task by identifying the features of the region that shape public policy, including informal norms and practices, social inequality, and weak institutions. This book promises to become the definitive work on contemporary public policy in Latin America, essential for those who study the area as well as comparative public policy more broadly.

Environmental Regulation Through Financial Organisations Comparative Perspectives On The Industrialised Nations

Author: Benjamin Richardson
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041117350
Size: 65.42 MB
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This book takes a comparative perspective of practice in the European Union, North America, Japan and Australasia, arguing that existing legal reforms to promote sustainable development are unlikely to be successful unless environmental policy can be diffused and embedded in the financial services sector. This sector plays a crucial role in creating the financial conditions that allow much economic development to proceed. Financial markets are already highly regulated in pursuance of various public policy objectives, and there is scope to adapt existing regulation to incorporate environmental aspects into the financial services sector. In terms of specific reforms, the book focuses on the role of corporate environmental reporting, economic instruments and liability rules to provide a proper context for engaging financial organisations with the environment, as well as reforms to the system of prudential regulation that currently governs this sector. Beyond the focus on the financial services sector, the book raises complex questions regarding the relationship between the state and market institutions in environmental policy, and will appeal to scholars from a wide range of disciplines interested in problems of environmental governance.

Environmental Politics And Policy

Author: Brent S. Steel
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social
ISBN: 9780072392265
Size: 22.98 MB
Format: PDF
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This exciting new text for the Environmental Politics and/or Policy course(s) does not just look at this subject from a U.S. perspective, but an international one, expanding upon and reflecting the globalization of this important area of study. Using the comparative approach, students will learn about environmental issues but not without a larger context. Included in the comparative examination are post-industrial countries, developing countries, post-Communist countries, and of course, the U.S. In addition, chapters on science (what science is and how it fits into the political context), international law, and emerging issues (such as women and the environment) make this a strong and exciting text.

Global Food Security Governance

Author: Jessica Duncan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317623193
Size: 42.34 MB
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In 2007/8 world food prices spiked and global economic crisis set in, leaving hundreds of millions of people unable to access adequate food. The international reaction was swift. In a bid for leadership, the 123 member countries of the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security (CFS) adopted a series of reforms with the aim of becoming the foremost international, inclusive and intergovernmental platform for food security. Central to the reform was the inclusion of participants (including civil society and the private sector) across all activities of the Committee. Drawing on data collected from policy documents, interviews and participant observation, this book examines the re-organization and functioning of a UN Committee that is coming to be known as a best practice in global governance. Framed by key challenges that plague global governance, the impact and implication of increased civil society engagement are examined by tracing policy negotiations within the CFS, in particular, policy roundtables on smallholder sensitive investment and food price volatility and negotiations on the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, and the Global Strategic Framework for Food Security and Nutrition. The author shows that through their participation in the Committee, civil society actors are influencing policy outcomes. Yet analysis also reveals that the CFS is being undermined by other actors seeking to gain and maintain influence at the global level. By way of this analysis, this book provides empirically-informed insights into increased participation in global governance processes.

Shared Society Or Benign Apartheid

Author: John Nagle
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230290639
Size: 22.52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book analyses the role power sharing, social movements, economic regeneration, urban space, memorialisation and symbols play in transforming divided societies into shared peaceful ones. It explains why some projects are counterproductive while others assist peace-building.

Shared Responsibilities Unshared Power

Author: Khai Leong Ho
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish International
Size: 66.57 MB
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The book offers a critical analysis of the political dynamics that shape Singapore's public policies. It suggests that policy-making in Singapore involves a complex process of interaction among political institutions and that the distribution of power among these institutions is hierarchical and precarious. Thus, the book argues, the contestation of political interests occupies a central position in these stratified interactions, and this has been largely responsible for the types of policies and their impact.