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Regional Economic Outlook October 2008

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1452759081
Size: 79.48 MB
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The confluence of multiple adverse shocks—the turbulence in financial markets, high commodity prices, and the appreciation of the exchange rate—have depressed growth in Europe. At the same time commodity prices increases have boosted headline inflation. While containing inflation remains a major concern, supporting the recovery is likely to gain policy prominence in the advanced economies. Looking forward, improvements in prudential regulation could mitigate the procyclicality of credit standards, which should help reduce macroeconomic volatility. Cross-border labor flows are generally seen to have beneficial macroeconomic effects.

Oecd Economic Surveys Estonia 2009

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 926405426X
Size: 45.89 MB
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Estonia grew faster than most emerging market economies during 2000-07, but it is now in a severe recession. This first edition of OECD's periodic review of Estonia's economy includes chapters covering getting back to a sustainable growth path ...

World Economic Outlook October 2008

Author: International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 145279975X
Size: 53.21 MB
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A unique international exercise in information-gathering and analysis An extraordinary confluence of global forces has kept the world economy strong in the past few years, but there are now numerous challenges to growth. The World Economic Outlook (WEO) presents the IMF's leading economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium terms. It is a respected, one-stop, trusted resource offering remarkable insight, balance, and perspective to decision makers and policymakers worldwide. Published at least twice yearly, the World Economic Outlook presents the outlook for growth, inflation, trade, and other economic developments in a clear, practical format. Each WEO considers the issues affecting advanced and emerging economies. The analytic chapters provide the global intelligence required to deal with global interdependence. These analyses focus on pressing concerns or hotly debated issues, putting prospects for liquidity, inflation, and growth into context. The statistical appendix presents historical data as well as projections and selected series from World Economic Outlook database updated for each report. The October 2008 edition examines commodity prices and inflation, economic cycles in the aftermath of financial crises, the role of fiscal policy during downturns, and current account imbalances in emerging economies. Recent analytic chapters have examined climate change, the housing cycle, commodity prices, capital inflows, globalization and inequality, and the global business cycle.

Regional Economic Outlook October 2009

Author: International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451996012
Size: 50.89 MB
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Sub-Saharan Africa has been hit hard by the global recession, but signs of resilience remain. While South Africa and some other middle-income countries were caught in the turbulence of international financial markets, and oil exporters saw government revenues plunge, some countries with wider commodity bases have so far escaped the worst of the crisis. Also, and reassuringly, with stronger initial fiscal and external positions than in past downturns, most countries in the region have been able to partially absorb external shocks by allowing fiscal deficits to rise and reducing interest rates. Exchange rates have generally been allowed to adjust. With many families affected by the crisis, however, progress toward the Millennium Development Goals has receded. Looking ahead, fiscal policy must balance support for the recovery with enhancing future growth prospects, debt sustainability, and poverty reduction. Published biannually in May and October.

Commodity Price Volatility Cyclical Fluctuations And Convergence

Author: Ms. Edda Zoli
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451916248
Size: 18.60 MB
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This paper assesses the role of international commodity prices, cyclical fluctuations, and convergence in driving inflation in 18 European emerging economies. Country specific VARs and panel estimates indicate that international commodity price shocks have a significant impact on domestic inflation, but the inflation response is asymmetric for positive and negative shocks. Cyclical fluctuations explain a relative small share of inflation variability, and the inflation response is asymmetric during upturns and downturns. Price convergence is estimated to add nearly 3 percentage points to headline inflation, for the average country whose price level is about 50 percent relative to the EU-15 average.

Global Financial Stability Report

ISBN: 9781589065048
Size: 39.61 MB
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The Global Financial Stability Report, published twice a year, provides comprehensive coverage of mature and emerging financial markets, and seeks to identify potential fault lines in the global financial system that could lead to crisis. It is designed to deepen understanding of global capital flows, which play a critical role as an engine of world economic growth. The report replaces the annual International Capital Markets, published since 1980, and the electronic quarterly, Emerging Markets Financing, published since 2000. ISSN 0258-7440.

Asian Economic Integration Monitor

Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9290929871
Size: 41.26 MB
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The Asian Economic Integration Monitor is a semiannual review of Asia's regional economic cooperation and integration. It covers the 48 regional members of the Asian Development Bank. This issue includes a special chapter---Multilateralizing Asian Regionalism: Approaches to Unraveling the Asian Noodle Bowl.