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Transformations Of Electricity In Nineteenth Century Literature And Science

Author: Stella Pratt-Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317007808
Size: 59.11 MB
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Throughout the nineteenth century, practitioners of science, writers of fiction and journalists wrote about electricity in ways that defied epistemological and disciplinary boundaries. Revealing electricity as a site for intense and imaginative Victorian speculation, Stella Pratt-Smith traces the synthesis of nineteenth-century electricity made possible by the powerful combination of science, literature and the popular imagination. With electricity resisting clear description, even by those such as Michael Faraday and James Clerk Maxwell who knew it best, Pratt-Smith argues that electricity was both metaphorically suggestive and open to imaginative speculation. Her book engages with Victorian scientific texts, popular and specialist periodicals and the work of leading midcentury novelists, including Charles Dickens, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte, William Makepeace Thackeray and Wilkie Collins. Examining the work of William Harrison Ainsworth and Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Pratt-Smith explores how Victorian novelists attributed magical qualities to electricity, imbuing it with both the romance of the past and the thrill of the future. She concludes with a case study of Benjamin Lumley’s Another World, which presents an enticing fantasy of electricity’s potential based on contemporary developments. Ultimately, her book contends that writing and reading about electricity appropriated and expanded its imaginative scope, transformed its factual origins and applications and contravened the bounds of literary genres and disciplinary constraints.

Masculinity Crime And Self Defence In Victorian Literature

Author: E. Godfrey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230294995
Size: 15.37 MB
Format: PDF
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Now in paperback, this book considers crime fighting from the perspective of the civilian city-goer, from the mid-Victorian garotting panics to 1914. It charts the shift from the use of body armour to the adoption of exotic martial arts through the works of popular playwrights and novelists, examining changing ideals of urban, middle-class heroism.

Karl Marx

Author: Jonathan Sperber
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406640974
Size: 54.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Seit vier Jahrzehnten ist dies die erste große Marx-Biographie – geschrieben von einem exzellenten Kenner auf der Grundlage intensiver Forschungen. Jonathan Sperber zeigt uns Karl Marx genauer als je zuvor im Kontext seines Jahrhunderts und interpretiert ihn nicht, wie die meisten seiner Vorgänger, als eine Art posthumen Zeitgenossen. Dieses Buch macht uns vielmehr bewusst, wie stark Marx sich im Koordinatensystem der eigenen Epoche bewegte – zwischen den Ereignissen der Französischen Revolution und einer kapitalistischen Zukunft. Kein anderer Denker ist so gründlich in eine permanente Deutungshaftung für die Gegenwart genommen worden wie Karl Marx. Doch über der immensen und mit den aktuellen Krisen des Finanzkapitalismus wieder anschwellenden Wirkungsgeschichte sind die Ursprünge seiner Theorie weitgehend aus dem Blick geraten. Jonathan Sperber schildert den historischen Marx – er rekonstruiert die Entstehung der Marxschen Theorie im Kontext der damaligen Ideen und Kontroversen, zeichnet seine politischen Aktivitäten vom Redakteur der Rheinischen Zeitung bis zum Gründervater der sozialistischen Bewegungen nach und beschreibt auch sehr eindrucksvoll den Menschen Karl Marx. Die Biographie folgt den Spuren eines genialen Mannes, der ein Leben lang nach einer neuen und radikaleren Version der Französischen Revolution suchte und schließlich – neben Darwin – zum meistzitierten Denker des 19. Jahrhunderts werden sollte.

James Fitzjames Stephen

Author: K. J. M. Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521892247
Size: 55.57 MB
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In this important study Dr Smith uses a wide range of primary materials to provide the first modern comprehensive examination of the work, writings and ideas of James Fitzjames Stephen. Stephen's broad rationalist/utilitarian ethical and intellectual stance manifested itself most prominently in law and social and political philosophy. Stephen's turn of mind led him to perceive the substance of literature and religious orthodoxy as of complementary interest and relevance to the social and political mores of Victorian England, making him one of Dickens' and Cardinal Newman's most formidable and trenchant critics. Dr Smith's account is the first to set Stephen's life and thought in its proper Victorian context, and marks a significant addition to the growing literature on the intellectual history of nineteenth-century England.