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Shared Memory Synchronization

Author: Michael L. Scott
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608459578
Size: 32.30 MB
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From driving, flying, and swimming, to digging for unknown objects in space exploration, autonomous robots take on varied shapes and sizes. In part, autonomous robots are designed to perform tasks that are too dirty, dull, or dangerous for humans. With nontrivial autonomy and volition, they may soon claim their own place in human society. These robots will be our allies as we strive for understanding our natural and man-made environments and build positive synergies around us. Although we may never perfect replication of biological capabilities in robots, we must harness the inevitable emergence of robots that synchronizes with our own capacities to live, learn, and grow. This book is a snapshot of motivations and methodologies for our collective attempts to transform our lives and enable us to cohabit with robots that work with and for us. It reviews and guides the reader to seminal and continual developments that are the foundations for successful paradigms. It attempts to demystify the abilities and limitations of robots. It is a progress report on the continuing work that will fuel future endeavors. Table of Contents: Part I: Preliminaries/Agency, Motion, and Anatomy/Behaviors / Architectures / Affect/Sensors / Manipulators/Part II: Mobility/Potential Fields/Roadmaps / Reactive Navigation / Multi-Robot Mapping: Brick and Mortar Strategy / Part III: State of the Art / Multi-Robotics Phenomena / Human-Robot Interaction / Fuzzy Control / Decision Theory and Game Theory / Part IV: On the Horizon / Applications: Macro and Micro Robots / References / Author Biography / Discussion

Reliable Software Technologies Ada Europe 2018

Author: António Casimiro
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331992432X
Size: 49.99 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 23rd Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Ada-Europe 2018, held in Lisbon, Portugal, in June 2018. The 10 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 27 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: safety and security; Ada 202X; handling implicit overhead; real-time scheduling; and new application domains.

Programming Language Pragmatics

Author: Michael L. Scott
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124104770
Size: 53.61 MB
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Programming Language Pragmatics, Fourth Edition, is the most comprehensive programming language textbook available today. It is distinguished and acclaimed for its integrated treatment of language design and implementation, with an emphasis on the fundamental tradeoffs that continue to drive software development. The book provides readers with a solid foundation in the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of the full range of programming languages, from traditional languages like C to the latest in functional, scripting, and object-oriented programming. This fourth edition has been heavily revised throughout, with expanded coverage of type systems and functional programming, a unified treatment of polymorphism, highlights of the newest language standards, and examples featuring the ARM and x86 64-bit architectures. Updated coverage of the latest developments in programming language design, including C & C++11, Java 8, C# 5, Scala, Go, Swift, Python 3, and HTML 5 Updated treatment of functional programming, with extensive coverage of OCaml New chapters devoted to type systems and composite types Unified and updated treatment of polymorphism in all its forms New examples featuring the ARM and x86 64-bit architectures

Reliable Software Technologies Ada Europe 2017

Author: Johann Blieberger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319605887
Size: 36.22 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 22nd Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Ada-Europe 2017, held in Vienna, Austria, in June 2017. The revised 15 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 37 submissions. They are organized in topical sections on runtimes, safety and security, timing verification, programming models, the future of safety-minded languages, mixed criticality.

Encyclopedia Of Information Science And Technology Fourth Edition

Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522522565
Size: 70.43 MB
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In recent years, our world has experienced a profound shift and progression in available computing and knowledge sharing innovations. These emerging advancements have developed at a rapid pace, disseminating into and affecting numerous aspects of contemporary society. This has created a pivotal need for an innovative compendium encompassing the latest trends, concepts, and issues surrounding this relevant discipline area. During the past 15 years, the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology has become recognized as one of the landmark sources of the latest knowledge and discoveries in this discipline. The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition is a 10-volume set which includes 705 original and previously unpublished research articles covering a full range of perspectives, applications, and techniques contributed by thousands of experts and researchers from around the globe. This authoritative encyclopedia is an all-encompassing, well-established reference source that is ideally designed to disseminate the most forward-thinking and diverse research findings. With critical perspectives on the impact of information science management and new technologies in modern settings, including but not limited to computer science, education, healthcare, government, engineering, business, and natural and physical sciences, it is a pivotal and relevant source of knowledge that will benefit every professional within the field of information science and technology and is an invaluable addition to every academic and corporate library.

Transactional Memory

Author: Tim Harris
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608452352
Size: 49.40 MB
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The advent of multicore processors has renewed interest in the idea of incorporating transactions into the programming model used to write parallel programs. This approach, known as transactional memory, offers an alternative, and hopefully better, way to coordinate concurrent threads. The ACI (atomicity, consistency, isolation) properties of transactions provide a foundation to ensure that con-current reads and writes of shared data do not produce inconsistent or incorrect results. At a higher level, a computation wrapped in a transaction executes atomically---either it completes successfully and commits its result in its entirety or it aborts. In addition, isolation ensures the transaction produces the same result as if no other transactions were executing concurrently. Although transactions are not a parallel programming panacea, they shift much of the burden of synchronizing and co-ordinating parallel computations from a programmer to a compiler, to a language runtime system, or to hardware. The challenge for the system implementers is to build an efficient transactional memory infrastructure. This book presents an overview of the state of the art in the design and implementation of transactional memory systems, as of early spring 2010.

Principles Of Transactional Memory

Author: Rachid Guerraoui
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608450112
Size: 36.68 MB
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Transactional memory (TM) is an appealing paradigm for concurrent programming on shared memory architectures. With a TM, threads of an application communicate, and synchronize their actions, via in-memory transactions. Transactions are atomic: programmers get the illusion that every transaction executes all its operations instantaneously, at some single and unique point in time. The aim of this book is to provide theoretical foundations for transactional memory.

Transactional Memory

Author: James R. Larus
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1598291246
Size: 63.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5108
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The advent of multicore processors has renewed interest in the idea of incorporating transactions into the programming model used to write parallel programs. This approach, known as transactional memory, offers an alternative, and hopefully better, way to coordinate concurrent threads. The ACI (atomicity, consistency, isolation) properties of transactions provide a foundation to ensure that concurrent reads and writes of shared data do not produce inconsistent or incorrect results. At a higher level, a computation wrapped in a transaction executes atomically – either it completes successfully and commits its result in its entirety or it aborts. In addition, isolation ensures the transaction produces the same result as if no other transactions were executing concurrently. Although transactions are not a parallel programming panacea, they shift much of the burden of synchronizing and coordinating parallel computations from a programmer to a compiler, runtime system, and hardware. The challenge for the system implementers is to build an efficient transactional memory infrastructure. This book presents an overview of the state of the art in the design and implementation of transactional memory systems, as of early summer 2006.

Ieee Symposium On High Performance Computer Architecture

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780769522753
Size: 25.45 MB
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The HPCA proceedings explores new and exciting research on processor architectures, cache and memory systems, parallel computer architectures, impact of technology on architecture, high-availability architectures, high-performance I/O systems, and power-efficient architectures and techniques. It also looks at embedded and reconfigurable architectures, interconnect and network interface architectures, network processor architectures, innovative hardware/software trade-offs, impact of compilers on architecture, and performance evaluation of real machines.

Chip Multiprocessor Architecture

Author: Kunle Olukotun
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 159829122X
Size: 28.94 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Chip multiprocessors - also called multi-core microprocessors or CMPs for short - are now the only way to build high-performance microprocessors, for a variety of reasons. Large uniprocessors are no longer scaling in performance, because it is only possible to extract a limited amount of parallelism from a typical instruction stream using conventional superscalar instruction issue techniques. In addition, one cannot simply ratchet up the clock speed on today's processors, or the power dissipation will become prohibitive in all but water-cooled systems. After a discussion of the basic pros and cons of CMPs when they are compared with conventional uniprocessors, this book examines how CMPs can best be designed to handle two radically different kinds of workloads that are likely to be used with a CMP: highly parallel, throughput-sensitive applications at one end of the spectrum, and less parallel, latency-sensitive applications at the other. Throughput-sensitive applications, such as server workloads that handle many independent transactions at once, require careful balancing of all parts of a CMP that can limit throughput, such as the individual cores, on-chip cache memory, and off-chip memory interfaces. Several studies and example systems, such as the Sun Niagara, that examine the necessary tradeoffs are presented here. In contrast, latency-sensitive applications - many desktop applications fall into this category - require a focus on reducing inter-core communication latency and applying techniques to help programmers divide their programs into multiple threads as easily as possible. This book discusses many techniques that can be used in CMPs to simplify parallel programming, with an emphasis on research directions proposed at Stanford University. To illustrate the advantages possible with a CMP using a couple of solid examples, extra focus is given to thread-level speculation (TLS), a way to automatically break up nominally sequential applications into parallel threads on a CMP, and transactional memory. This model can greatly simplify manual parallel programming by using hardware - instead of conventional software locks - to enforce atomic code execution of blocks of instructions, a technique that makes parallel coding much less error-prone. Book jacket.