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Social Context Reform

Author: Paul Thomas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317656970
Size: 45.70 MB
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Currently, both the status quo of public education and the "No Excuses" Reform policies are identical. The reform offers a popular and compelling narrative based on the meritocracy and rugged individualism myths that are supposed to define American idealism. This volume will refute this ideology by proposing Social Context Reform, a term coined by Paul Thomas which argues for educational change within a larger plan to reform social inequity—such as access to health care, food, higher employment, better wages and job security. Since the accountability era in the early 1980s, policy, public discourse, media coverage, and scholarly works have focused primarily on reforming schools themselves. Here, the evidence that school-only reform does not work is combined with a bold argument to expand the discourse and policy surrounding education reform to include how social, school, and classroom reform must work in unison to achieve goals of democracy, equity, and opportunity both in and through public education. This volume will include a wide variety of essays from leading critical scholars addressing the complex elements of social context reform, all of which address the need to re-conceptualize accountability and to seek equity and opportunity in social and education reform.

Teachers Unions And Education Reform In Comparative Contexts

Author: Lindsay Whorton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317507789
Size: 19.56 MB
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Teachers’ unions have long been controversial and divisive organizations, but criticism and distrust of them may be at an all-time high. This volume considers the prevailing assumption that unions successfully block change in education because they are primarily motivated to protect members’ interests. It challenges the conceptualization of teacher union motivation and provides a more nuanced account of unions’ interests, power and impact. Through a series of international cases from the United States, Finland and the Canton of Zürich, this volume examines the hot-button issue of performance-related pay reform and compensation. It argues that a better understanding of the union-management relationship may be the key to securing more meaningful change and reform. It will be of use to scholars, policy-makers, union leaders, teachers and citizens who are interested in the possibilities for the union-management relationship, rather than the limitations.

Pedagogy Praxis And Purpose In Education

Author: C.M. Mulcahy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317932897
Size: 51.13 MB
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Recent years have shown the growth of federal legislation and programs having a profound impact on educational policy and practice, and a decline in reliance on broadly based educational justifications. Paralleling this development has been the emergence of well-endowed and influential private foundations, and an increase in corporate influence in shaping policy. In this volume the authors consider the discourse, rhetoric, and underlying values that sustain these developments alongside those that underlie more longstanding and competing educational theories and practices. This volume highlights the importance of recognizing opposing conceptualizations of education—some more educationally productive than others— and their core values, approaches to student learning, strengths and weaknesses, and justification. The authors analyze and critique what Jane Roland Martin has referred to as ‘the deep structure of educational thought’, and seek improved educational policy and practice with particular reference to curriculum and pedagogy. It features a comparative analysis of competing discourses including autocratic control, limited personal development, and praxis.

Political And Social Influences On The Education Of Children

Author: Gwyneth Owen-Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317570138
Size: 52.59 MB
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This book investigates the effects of social and political change on the provision of primary education in post-communist and post-war contexts. Focusing on Bosnia and Herzegovina, the author considers educational developments in post-communist countries of central and Eastern Europe, the effects of the civil conflict that occurred 1992-95 and the consequences of the peace settlement. In order to present a picture of the development of primary education in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the importance of political ideology on education provision, chapters discuss instances of the impact of external political influences, educational provision being drawn from neighbouring countries, and illustrate how the political war is continuing. Political and Social Influences on the Education of Children provides insights into lessons learned for education in countries with a changing political state and considers what the future might hold for primary education provision in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Political and Social Influences on the Education of Childrenis key reading for researchers, scholars and postgraduate students interested in educational developments in post-communist countries and education in areas of conflict. This book will also appeal to those interested in the political and social history of the region.

Equity Opportunity And Education In Postcolonial Southeast Asia

Author: Cynthia Joseph
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317806670
Size: 40.90 MB
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Equity, Opportunity and Education in Postcolonial Southeast Asia addresses the ways in which colonial histories, nationalist impulses and forces of globalization shape equity and access to education in Southeast Asia. Although increasingly identified as a regional grouping (ASEAN), Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, Thailand, Singapore and the Philippines are known for their vastly different state structures, political regimes, political economies and ethnocultural and religious demography. The expert contributors to this volume investigate educational access and equity for citizens, ethnic and religious minorities, and indigenous people within these countries. The subject of education is framed within the broader national and local challenges of achieving equity and social justice. This book examines the dimensions of (post)colonialism, nationalism, and globalisation as played out within different international educational contexts. Chapters include: Understanding the Cultural Politics of Southeast Asian Education through Postcolonial Theory Downplaying Difference: Representations of Diversity in Contemporary Burmese Schools and Educational Equity Learner Centered Pedagogy in Post-Conflict Timor-Leste: For the Benefit of the Learner or the Learned Technology of Dominance, Technology of Liberation: Education in Colonial and Postcolonial Cambodia Change and Continuity in the History of Vietnamese Higher Education Colonization by Stealth: The Case of Thailand Education Politics in Postcolonial Malaysia: Ethnicity, Difference and Inequalities The Singapore Education Journey: From Colonialism to Globalism

Equity And Excellence In Education

Author: Kris Van den Branden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136835601
Size: 27.61 MB
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Throughout the world, equity and excellence in education is a major issue of concern. International comparative studies such as those carried out by OECD (PISA) have launched a worldwide debate on the effectiveness of educational systems (macro level), schools (meso level) and teachers (micro level) in terms of enhancing equity and excellence. Inspired by the OECD research and spurred by national policy-making, quantitative and qualitative research studies have recently been conducted in different parts of the globe aiming to provide deeper insight into the crucial variables that have an impact on equity, excellence or both. Among the variables that have been identified as crucial in this respect are the pupils' gender and their socio-economic and linguistic background, teachers' expectations, cognitions and pedagogical approach in the classroom, parental support, financial aspects, educational policies (e.g. priority policies, multilingual policies, early start policies), and variables related to the structure of the educational structure and system (e.g. compulsory school age, comprehensive systems, support structures, system variables enhancing spread of learners). This volume aims to compile a rich collection of research-based contributions, providing a state-of-the-art resource on what we know about this topic today.

Feminism And Social Justice In Education

Author: Kathleen Weiler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113572234X
Size: 18.64 MB
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After more than twenty years of feminist education research, policy development and innovative school practice, it seems appropriate to evaluate the impact and significance of this world wide struggle for social justice in education. At the same time, the recent restructuring of educational provision whether in the name of sexual equality or the ideologies of the New Right also requires a considered response from Those Committed To Promoting Greater Social Equality.; This Collection offers a unique opportunity to host an international forum on contemporary thinking and practice, not just within different national contexts, but for feminism more generally. ln adopting a critical feminist approach, the chapters re-establish such egalitarian traditions as radical feminism, black feminism and socialist feminism and address such themes as the interrelation between social class, race and gender and the ways these articulate with feminist educational practice.; In gathering together leading educators from five different countries all committed to the project of social transformation, this book represents the shifting concerns of the feminist theoretical debate and helps formulate feminist educational agendas more suited to the political and economic conditions which orevail in the 19905.

Reframing Educational Research

Author: Valerie Farnsworth
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135069654
Size: 21.66 MB
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Possibilities for the use of research in educational practice are often written off due to the history, politics and interests of the ostensibly separate worlds that researchers and practitioners occupy. However, a more optimistic account highlights the ways these communities share a common need for practice-based theories, which enable them to make sense of a wide range of issues in education, including pedagogy, learning, and educational equity. In applying theory to situated accounts of various educational practices and learning contexts, this book explores mistaken assumptions about the ways that research can ‘inform’ or otherwise impact practice. It problematises a ‘what works’ agenda but also points to potentially more productive research-practice relationships in education. Experienced contributors describe how they have used a variety of context-sensitive theoretical approaches in the socio-cultural and discursive traditions to both understand practice and address a wide range of practical issues in education. At its core Reframing Educational Research challenges two commonly held assumptions: that "best practice" is readily identifiable in a way that is then transferrable to new contexts for use by practitioners more widely, and that theory will not help with what to do on Monday morning in the classroom or in developing policies with direct and visible impact. Drawing on the experience of a number of highly respected expert contributors, including Mel Ainscow, Harry Daniels, Anna Sfard and Etienne Wenger-Trayner, the book discusses a range of issues that must be explicitly addressed if we are to make headway in developing a sustainable and productive relationship between research, policy and practice. The authors make it clear that the politics, policies, institutional practices, market systems and social dynamics currently at play in education have a tendency to derail the idealised pathway from research to reform. This book aims to move the discussion towards alternative, and potentially more fruitful, ways of linking research with practice. Reframing Educational Research is an invitation to all researchers to identify new opportunities for advancing theory and practice in education. It is a must-read for all practitioners and researchers in education.

An Introduction To The Study Of Education

Author: David Matheson
Publisher: David Fulton Pub
ISBN: 9781853466120
Size: 15.33 MB
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Planned for undergraduate students interested in Education and postgraduates on teacher training courses, this book brings together a variety of themes relating to Education in its broadest contexts. The focus ranges from historical and philosophical dimensions to organizational, comparative and sociological perspectives and attention is drawn to pre-school, primary, secondary and tertiary education. The contributors are prominent in their own fields and teach on both undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Such courses increasingly attracts students with and without a professional, vocational commitment. The text has been written also to appeal to non-student readers with a general interest in education and society.

The Rich World And The Impoverishment Of Education

Author: Dave Hill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135906440
Size: 60.75 MB
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Advancing a powerful critique of neoliberalized education in many of the rich countries of the world (USA, Canada, Finland, Greece, Israel, Japan, England and Wales, and others), the chapters in this book, written by an international array of acclaimed and emerging radical educators and policy analysts, critically examine and evaluate: What neoliberal changes have taken place (e.g., privatization, vouchers, charter schools, weakening of democratic control of schools, setting up markets in schools and retreating from the comprehensive school principle, commercialization of education, new public managerialism in education)? What are the impacts of these changes on access and equal opportunities, on democracy and critical thinking, and on the rights, pay and conditions of teachers and ancillary/support staff?