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Socialist Optimism

Author: Paul Auerbach
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137563966
Size: 57.40 MB
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Paul Auerbach's Socialist Optimism offers an alternative political economy for the twenty-first century. Present-day capitalism has generated growing inequality of income and wealth, persistent high levels of unemployment and ever-diminishing prospects for young people. But in the absence of a positive vision of how society and the economy might develop in the future, the present trajectory of capitalism will never be derailed, no matter how acute the critique of present-day developments. The detailed blueprint presented here focuses upon the education and upbringing of children in the context of social equality and household security. It yields a well-defined path to human development and liberation, as well as democratic control of working life and public affairs. Socialism as human development gives a unity and direction to progressive policies that are otherwise seen to be a form of pragmatic tinkering in the context of a pervasive capitalist reality.

Using And Abusing Science

Author: Véronique Molinari
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443894184
Size: 58.51 MB
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Over the last two centuries, as politics has evolved from the status of “amateurship” to that of profession, political discourse, together with its practices and their validity, has been increasingly subject to questioning. Politicians, as illustrated by the low turnouts that have recently characterised general elections and a general lack of interest in politics throughout Western countries, enjoy less than ever the trust of the electorate, and their discourse is now often criticised for being both hollow and untrustworthy. Conversely, by evolving from the status of enlightened amateur to that of expert, the figure of the scientist has, over recent centuries, gained credibility with the general public. Even though the traditional view of science as the expression of reality has regularly been challenged, science continues to be held in high regard and is believed to provide a reliable form of knowledge. Summoning science has thus often been a way, in everyday life, advertising and the popular media, to lend authority to a discourse, and imply that one’s claims are beyond dispute. That politicians should have occasionally been tempted to do the same and make up for the deficit of legitimacy of their discourse through the instrumentalisation of scientific arguments or participation in contemporaneous debates on scientific issues is, therefore, not surprising. The issue at stake in this volume is to examine how, and to what extent, this process may have been taking place in the past three centuries. In order to accomplish this, the contributions cover various fields of expertise, ranging from the “hard” sciences to more controversial types of science, investigating the intricate relations of science and political discourse.

Why We Need A Citizen S Basic Income

Author: Torry, Malcolm
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447343182
Size: 38.83 MB
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In the five years since Money for Everyone was published the idea of a Citizen’s Basic Income has rocketed in interest to an idea whose time has come. In moving the debate on from the desirability of a basic income this fully updated and revised edition now includes comprehensive discussions on feasibility and implementation. Using the consultation undertaken by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales as a basis, Torry examines a number of implementation methods for Citizen’s Basic Income and considers the cost implications. Including real-life examples from the UK, and data from case studies and pilots in Alaska, Namibia, India, Iran and elsewhere, this is the essential research-based introduction to the Citizen’s Basic Income.

Engines Of Privilege

Author: David Kynaston
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1526601249
Size: 80.25 MB
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A rigorous, compelling and balanced examination of the British public school system and the inequalities it entrenches. Private schools are institutions that children who are already privileged attend and have those privileges further entrenched, almost certainly for life, through a high-quality, richly-resourced education. The Engines of Privilege contends that in a society that mouths the virtues of equality of opportunity, of fairness and of social cohesion, the continuation of this educational apartheid amounts to an act of national self-harm that does all of us serious damage. Intrinsic to any vision of the future of Britain has to be the nature of our educational system. Yet the quality of conversation on the issue of private education remains surprisingly sterile, patchy and highly subjective. Accessible, evidence-based and inclusive, Engines of Privilege aims to kick-start a long overdue national debate. Clear, vigorous prose is combined with forensic analysis to compelling effect, illuminating the painful contrast between the importance of private schools in British society and the near-absence of serious, policy-making debate, above all on the left.

Gramsci Political Economy And International Relations Theory

Author: A. Ayers
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230616615
Size: 76.56 MB
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This book seeks to provide the most comprehensive and sustained engagement and critique of neo-Gramscian analyses available in the literature. In examining neo-Gramscian analyses in IR/IPE, the book engages with two fundamental concerns in international relations: (i) The question of historicity and (ii) The analysis of radical transformation.

Fifty Key Thinkers On Development

Author: David Simon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134304889
Size: 23.37 MB
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The essential guide to the world’s most influential development thinkers, this authoritative text presents a unique guide to the lives and ideas of leading contributors to the contested terrain of development studies. Reflecting the diverse, interdisciplinary nature of the area, the book includes entries on: * modernisers like Hirshman, Kindleberger and Rostow * dependencistas such as Frank, Cardoso and Amin * progressives like Prebisch, Helleiner and Streeten * political leaders enunciating radical alternative visions of development, such as Mao, Nkrumah and Nyerere * progenitors of religiously or spiritually inspired development, such as Gandhi and Ariyaratne * development-environment thinkers like Blaikie, Brookfield and Shiva. This is a fascinating and readable introduction to the major figures that have shaped the field, ideal for anyone studying or working in the area.

Post Socialist Political Economy

Author: James M. Buchanan
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Size: 48.24 MB
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'. . . this is a thought-provoking book written by one of the most eminent economists of our time on a subject that follows from some of the most momentous events of this century. . . . a book that pays reading.' - Vani Borooah, the Economic Journal '. . . excellent collection of essays . . . Buchanan has written an important book that will spark debates over the direction of post communist transitions for years to come.' - Beverly Crawford and Nick Biziouras, Slavic Review This book presents a critical assessment of the political and social order in the post-revolutionary decade of the 1990s in both the transitional economies and Western welfare states confronting fiscal crises. As we enter the new post-socialist century, James M. Buchanan argues that we need to think and act on the premise that the future is uncertain.

Africa At The Beginning Of The Twenty First Century

Author: P. Godfrey Okoth
Publisher: University of Nairobi Press
Size: 14.31 MB
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In an attempt to take stock of African affairs this collection of essays addresses the most critical themes and pressing issues facing the continent at the outset of the new century. The perspective is broad, the approach generally interdisciplinary and the subjects wide-ranging and controversial. The work is broadly structured into three sections: socio-cultural transformation; governance and democratisation; and the global dimension. With the focus firmly on the future, amongst questions raised are post-industrialism and knowledge production; the recreation of Africa through language; the economic and cultural impact of AIDS; prospects for conflict resolution; Africa's place in the world dialogue in the new century; and the potential role of the mass media.