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States Ideologies And Social Revolutions

Author: Misagh Parsa
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521774307
Size: 26.59 MB
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An analysis of the causes and processes of revolution, drawing on the stories of Iran, Nicaragua, and the Philippines.

Roving Revolutionaries

Author: Houri Berberian
Publisher: University of California Press
ISBN: 0520278933
Size: 49.13 MB
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Three of the formative revolutions that shook the early twentieth-century world occurred almost simultaneously in regions bordering each other. Though the Russian, Iranian, and Young Turk Revolutions all exploded between 1904 and 1911, they have never been studied through their linkages until now. Roving Revolutionaries probes the interconnected aspects of these three revolutions through the involvement of the Armenian revolutionaries—minorities in all of these empires—whose movements and participation within and across frontiers tell us a great deal about the global transformations that were taking shape. Exploring the geographical and ideological boundary crossings that occurred, Houri Berberian’s archivally grounded analysis of the circulation of revolutionaries, ideas, and print tells the story of peoples and ideologies in upheaval and collaborating with each other, and in so doing it illuminates our understanding of revolutions and movements.

Revolutionary Ideology And Islamic Militancy

Author: Najibullah Lafraie
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857716433
Size: 27.56 MB
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The ‘war on terror’ tends to circumscribe crucial developments in the Islamic world within a narrow definition of ‘Islamic terrorism’. This partial and incomplete perspective fails to comprehend the links between today’s scenario and the Iranian revolution of 1979 - a revolution fought in the name of God and spearheaded by religious scholars. Since then, Islamic ideology has become a powerful motivating force behind insurgency in Afghanistan, Palestine, Lebanon, Algeria and Iraq. There have however been few explorations of the role of Quranic doctrine in fomenting revolution. Najibullah Lafraie systematically analyses the Quran as a revolutionary text, and identifies different strands of revolutionary ideology within it. He examines its potential to delegitimise existing social, political and economic arrangements, what kind of values it promotes, what societal goals it outlines, what kind of collective action and personal principles it calls for, and how it establishes its claim to truth. In doing this, Lafraie establishes the paradigm from which most subsequent Islamist revolutionary ideology has emerged. He goes on to demonstrate the diversity that is possible within this paradigm by examining the ideologies of six key figures in the Iranian revolution, and shows how their emphases differ. Focusing on three lay intellectuals and three clerics, Lafraie’s taxonomy of the Islamic Revolution’s ideologues provides an essential backdrop for understanding the battle between moderates and radicals in Iran today. The book ends by assessing the relevance of the ‘Quranic’ model of revolutionary ideology to contemporary Islamist insurgents. ‘The Ideology of the Islamic Revolution’ is an essential companion to anyone seeking to understand both the Iranian revolution and the wider phenomenon of political Islam.

Bazaar And State In Iran

Author: Arang Keshavarzian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139464329
Size: 18.83 MB
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The Tehran Bazaar has always been central to the Iranian economy and indeed, to the Iranian urban experience. Arang Keshavarzian's fascinating book compares the economics and politics of the marketplace under the Pahlavis, who sought to undermine it in the drive for modernisation and under the subsequent revolutionary regime, which came to power with a mandate to preserve the bazaar as an 'Islamic' institution. The outcomes of their respective policies were completely at odds with their intentions. Despite the Shah's hostile approach, the bazaar flourished under his rule and maintained its organisational autonomy to such an extent that it played an integral role in the Islamic revolution. Conversely, the Islamic Republic implemented policies that unwittingly transformed the ways in which the bazaar operated, thus undermining its capacity for political mobilisation. Arang Keshavarizian's book affords unusual insights into the politics, economics and society of Iran across four decades.

Revolutions A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jack A. Goldstone
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199858527
Size: 22.10 MB
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From 1789 in France to 2011 in Cairo, revolutions have shaken the world. In their pursuit of social justice, revolutionaries have taken on the assembled might of monarchies, empires, and dictatorships. They have often, though not always, sparked cataclysmic violence, and have at times won miraculous victories, though at other times suffered devastating defeat. This Very Short Introduction illuminates the revolutionaries, their strategies, their successes and failures, and the ways in which revolutions continue to dominate world events and the popular imagination. Starting with the city-states of ancient Greece and Rome, Jack Goldstone traces the development of revolutions through the Renaissance and Reformation, the Enlightenment and liberal constitutional revolutions such as in America, and their opposite--the communist revolutions of the 20th century. He shows how revolutions overturned dictators in Nicaragua and Iran and brought the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and examines the new wave of non-violent "color" revolutions-the Philippines' Yellow Revolution, Ukraine's Orange Revolution--and the Arab Uprisings of 2011-12 that rocked the Middle East. Goldstone also sheds light on the major theories of revolution, exploring the causes of revolutionary waves, the role of revolutionary leaders, the strategies and processes of revolutionary change, and the intersection between revolutions and shifting patterns of global power. Finally, the author examines the reasons for diverse revolutionary outcomes, from democracy to civil war and authoritarian rule, and the likely future of revolution in years to come. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

The Future Of Revolutions

Author: John Foran
ISBN: 9781842770320
Size: 71.70 MB
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In this volume, a number of eminent historians, sociologists, and political scientists who have spent their lives studying revolutionary processes reflect on the age of 20th century of revolutions. They debate questions like: is the era of revolution over? What might the revolutions of the future look like? The face of transformative politics in the future and the directions of social change rest in large measure on the answers. A range of recent cases are taken up, from the intensely backward-looking movement of the Taliban in Afghanistan, to the magical revolution in Chiapas.