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Superstrings And Other Things

Author: Carlos I. Calle
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439810745
Size: 66.14 MB
Format: PDF
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A research scientist at NASA working on planetary exploration, Carlos Calle has the opportunity to ponder what seems imponderable, but while that might make Dr. Calle unusual, what makes him truly special is his ability to translate the algebraic formulas and calculus-based logic into concepts that can be appreciated and held in awe by those in possession of tools no more sophisticated than curiosity and imagination. Superstrings and Other Things: A Guide to Physics, Second Edition continues to take the interested on a uniquely accessible journey through physics. This guide explains the basic concepts of motion, energy, and gravity, right up through the latest theories about the structure of matter, the origin of the universe, and the beginning of time. Fully illustrated throughout, the book explores major discoveries and the scientists behind them, from Galileo, Newton, and Einstein, to Feynman and Hawking. Numerous examples of physics in everyday situations are provided and made tangible. When Dr. Calle wrote the first edition of this bestseller, even he would have been surprised by the newest development in String Theory, the far reaching M-Theory. In addition to details about M-Theory, he adds a number of other surprises and updated material for this edition. Not only will you be rewarded with a basic understanding of the fundamental concepts of physics, but you will also come to have the chance to stand on the very edge of the breathtaking frontiers of physics today. Offers non-science students and others access to the highest peaks of physics Supports a truly conceptual approach to teaching physics without advanced math Emphasizes concepts and ideas rather than equations Provides up-to-date coverage of modern physics Showcases modern applications of physics in our everyday world Builds interest with landmark discoveries and recent breakthroughs Ties ideas to history with several biographical sketches Includes clear illustrations and beautiful photographs in a four page insert Provides a wealth of conceptual and numerical problems Now includes a Solutions Manual with qualifying course adoptions Carlos I. Calle is a senior research physicist at NASA Kennedy Space Center and the founder and director of NASA’s Electrostatics and Surface Physics Laboratory. He is the recipient of numerous NASA awards for exceptional contributions to the space program and outstanding support of the Space Shuttle Program. With his laboratory staff, he has developed technologies for NASA’s lunar and Martian exploration programs and has also developed new testing techniques for several Space Shuttle systems. As a professor of physics during the early part of his career, he taught the whole range of college physics courses. He has published over 150 scientific papers and other popular books on physics.

Superstrings And Other Things

Author: Carlos I. Calle
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750307079
Size: 30.67 MB
Format: PDF
View: 6026
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Superstrings and Other Things: A Guide to Physics takes readers on a fascinating journey through physics. Written in an accessible style, this comprehensive guide explains the basic concepts of motion, energy, and gravity, through to the latest theories about the structure of matter, the origin of the universe, and the beginning of time. Fully illustrated throughout, the book explores major discoveries and the scientists behind them, from Galileo and Newton, Einstein and Bohr to Feynman and Hawking. Numerous examples of physics in everyday situations are provided and explained in an easy-to-understand way. Intended for the general reader with an inquiring mind, this guide will also be indispensable to students and scientists in other disciplines, and professionals in non-scientific fields who would like to understand the basic concepts of physics.

Chronology Of Science

Author: Lisa Rezende
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438129807
Size: 43.77 MB
Format: PDF
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Chronology of Science contains approximately 2,000 cross-referenced entries, ranging from 50 to 150 words each, plus identifiers that categorize the entries into core areas (biology, chemistry, physics, marine science, space and astronomy, Earth science, and weather and climate). Also included are introductory and closing essays in each section, sidebars expanding upon important concepts in each time period, figure legends, appendixes directing the reader to further information on specific topics, a bibliography, and an index. This is a helpful reference tool for students looking for basic information about specific scientific events. The entries inspire the reader to investigate the topic further. After reading sections of the book, the reader will have gained accurate information about scientific history, as well as a sense of how scientific discoveries build upon events of the past, and an understanding of the way scientific theories have changed over time.

Invitation To Contemporary Physics

Author: Q Ho-Kim
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814486485
Size: 44.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This completely revised second edition of our hugely popular book invites the reader to explore ten of the most important areas of modern physics: Symmetry, Lasers, Superconductivity, Bose–Einstein Condensation, Nanoscience, Quantum Computation, Chaos and Fractals, Stellar Evolution, Particles, and Cosmology. The new edition adds three new chapters in about a third of the book, covering the latest, hottest topics in contemporary physics: Bose–Einstein Condensate: Where Many Become One and How to Get There: Bose Statistics: Counting of the Indistinguishables; Bose–Einstein Condensation (BEC): The Over-Population Crisis; Cooling and Trapping of Atoms: Towards BEC; Doppler Limit and its Break Down; Trapping of Cold Atoms: Magnetic and Magneto-Optic Trap; Evaporative Cooling; BEC Finally: But How do We Know?; BEC: What Good is it? Exploring Nanostructures: Towards the Bottom; The Rise of Nanoscience; Confined Systems; Quantum Devices; The Genius of Carbon; Spintronics; Nanos at Large. Quantum Computation and Information: Classical Computer; Quantum Computer; Quantum Gates; Deutsch's Algorithm; Finding the Period of a Function; Shor's Factorization Algorithm; Grover's Search Algorithm; Hardware and Error Correction; Cryptography; Quantum Teleportation. The authors give a fascinating, up-to-date account of the exciting advances in these fast-moving fields. Their emphasis is as much on describing natural phenomena as on attempting to explain them in terms of basic principles, replacing equations with physical insight. General readers and university undergraduates alike will find this unique book a useful guide to the worlds of modern physics, while the mature scientist will get an insightful survey of neighboring fields of research. For the teacher who takes a thematic approach to teaching physics, this book will be a complete source of current topics at the frontiers of research; and for the student, a valuable tool of study, made even more useful by numerous pertinent problems (with complete solutions) and references found at the end of each chapter. Contents:Symmetry of Nature and Nature of SymmetryLasers and PhysicsSuperconductivityBose-Einstein Condensate: Where Many Become One and How to Get ThereExploring NanostructuresQuantum Computation and InformationChaos: Chance Out of NecessityBright Stars and Black HolesElementary Particles and ForcesCosmology Readership: Students, researchers in physics, chemistry, engineering and mathematics, science writers and general readers. Keywords:Symmetry;Lasers;Superconductivity;Bose-Einstein Condensate;Chaos;Fractals;Nanostructures;Spintronics;Fullerenes;Quantum Computation;Quantum Information;Elementary Particles;Cosmology;White Dwarfs;Neutron Stars;Black HolesReviews:“I am quite impressed both with the choice of highly interesting topics and the pedagogical presentation. This book will provide those with a basic knowledge of mathematics and physics, and an urge to learn more about Nature, with a precious source of information. I commend World Scientific for publishing this book. There is a need for this type of presentation, which lies in between non-technical, popular discussions and professional articles.”Professor Paul Hoyer University of Helsinki “This book invites readers to an up-to-date account of the ever changing world of modern physics from the smallest of elementary particles and strings to the vast of the whole cosmos. The authors have done an excellent job of explaining in simple language the physical principles and the complex phenomena. The book is a delightful reading to everyone who is interested in understanding the physical world around us. I especially enjoy the exposition of the fascinating subject of quantum computing.”Professor Tung-Mow Yan Cornell University “This is a very entertaining book — much like an extended banquet with a choice of intellectual delicacies. Not to be consumed in one sitting, but savored over many readings. The book addresses many of the most exciting topics of the day: quantum computation, Bose–Einstein condensation, cosmology, and nanotechnology. The presentation is engaging and smooth, and the book is very enlightening and informative.”Professor S “Sri” Sridhar Northeastern University “It is an impressive feat by the authors to cover such a wide panorama of physics from particles to cosmos and at a consistently high scientific level of information and explanation. This level is excellent and is at the frontier of current research … the great strength of this book, and the main reason why it is worth reading by anyone interested in modern science, lies in the text itself, which provides a fascinating and lively guide to the world of contemporary physics. And, as with any guide, this is truly an invitation to go beyond.”European Journal of Physics “This book is a must-read for those wanting to put their finger back on the pulse of physics research today … Ho-Kim, Kumar, and Lam successfully create a relaxed learning atmosphere, teach difficult topics, and generate reader excitement and interest in important research areas. Many guests will accept this invitation to contemporary physics.”The Industrial Physicist

Guide To Information Sources In Mathematics And Statistics

Author: Martha A. Tucker
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313053375
Size: 57.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is a reference for librarians, mathematicians, and statisticians involved in college and research level mathematics and statistics in the 21st century. We are in a time of transition in scholarly communications in mathematics, practices which have changed little for a hundred years are giving way to new modes of accessing information. Where journals, books, indexes and catalogs were once the physical representation of a good mathematics library, shelves have given way to computers, and users are often accessing information from remote places. Part I is a historical survey of the past 15 years tracking this huge transition in scholarly communications in mathematics. Part II of the book is the bibliography of resources recommended to support the disciplines of mathematics and statistics. These are grouped by type of material. Publication dates range from the 1800's onwards. Hundreds of electronic resources-some online, both dynamic and static, some in fixed media, are listed among the paper resources. Amazingly a majority of listed electronic resources are free.

The Little Book Of String Theory

Author: Steven S. Gubser
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400834433
Size: 14.84 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Little Book of String Theory offers a short, accessible, and entertaining introduction to one of the most talked-about areas of physics today. String theory has been called the "theory of everything." It seeks to describe all the fundamental forces of nature. It encompasses gravity and quantum mechanics in one unifying theory. But it is unproven and fraught with controversy. After reading this book, you'll be able to draw your own conclusions about string theory. Steve Gubser begins by explaining Einstein's famous equation E = mc2 , quantum mechanics, and black holes. He then gives readers a crash course in string theory and the core ideas behind it. In plain English and with a minimum of mathematics, Gubser covers strings, branes, string dualities, extra dimensions, curved spacetime, quantum fluctuations, symmetry, and supersymmetry. He describes efforts to link string theory to experimental physics and uses analogies that nonscientists can understand. How does Chopin's Fantasie-Impromptu relate to quantum mechanics? What would it be like to fall into a black hole? Why is dancing a waltz similar to contemplating a string duality? Find out in the pages of this book. The Little Book of String Theory is the essential, most up-to-date beginner's guide to this elegant, multidimensional field of physics.