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Systematic Reviews In The Social Sciences

Author: Mark Petticrew
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405150149
Size: 48.96 MB
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Such diverse thinkers as Lao-Tze, Confucius, and U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld have all pointed out that we need to be able to tell the difference between real and assumed knowledge. The systematic review is a scientific tool that can help with this difficult task. It can help, for example, with appraising, summarising, and communicating the results and implications of otherwise unmanageable quantities of data. This book, written by two highly-respected social scientists, provides an overview of systematic literature review methods: Outlining the rationale and methods of systematic reviews; Giving worked examples from social science and other fields; Applying the practice to all social science disciplines; It requires no previous knowledge, but takes the reader through the process stage by stage; Drawing on examples from such diverse fields as psychology, criminology, education, transport, social welfare, public health, and housing and urban policy, among others. Including detailed sections on assessing the quality of both quantitative, and qualitative research; searching for evidence in the social sciences; meta-analytic and other methods of evidence synthesis; publication bias; heterogeneity; and approaches to dissemination.

Assembling The Pieces Of A Systematic Review

Author: Margaret J. Foster
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442277025
Size: 61.26 MB
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Here is a complete guide for librarians seeking to launch or refine their systematic review services. Conducting searches for systematic reviews goes beyond expert searching and requires an understanding of the entire process of the systematic review. Just as expert searching is not fully mastered by the end of a library degree, mastering the systematic review process takes a great deal of time and practice. Attending workshops and webinars can introduce the topic, but application of the knowledge through practice is required. Running a systematic review service is complicated and requires constant updating and evaluation with new standards, more efficient methods, and improved reporting guidelines. After a brief introduction to systematic reviews, the book guides librarians in defining and marketing their services, covering topics such as when it is appropriate to ask for co-authorship and how to reach out to stakeholders. Next, it addresses developing documentation and conducting the reference interview. Standards specific to systematic reviews, including PRISMA, Institute of Medicine, and Cochrane Collaboration, are discussed. Search strategy techniques, including choosing databases, harvesting search terms, selecting filters, and searching for grey literature are detailed. Data management and critical appraisal are covered in detail. Finally, the best practices for reporting the findings of systematic reviews are highlighted. Experts with experience in both systematic reviews and librarianship, including the editors of the book, contributed to the chapters. Each step (or piece) of the review process (Planning the review, Identifying the studies, Evaluating studies, Collecting and combining data, Explaining the results, and Summarizing the review into a report), are covered with emphasis on information roles. The book is for any librarian interested in conducting reviews or assisting others with reviews. It has several applications: for training librarians new to systematic reviews, for those developing a new systematic review service, for those wanting to establish protocols for a current service, and as a reference for those conducting reviews or running a service. Participating in systematic reviews is a new frontier of librarianship, in which librarians can truly become research partners with our patrons, instead of merely providing access to resources and services.

The Oxford Handbook Of Evidence Based Management

Author: Denise M. Rousseau
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199763984
Size: 40.56 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Evidence-based Management shows how leaders and managers can make effective use of best available evidence in the decisions they make — and what educators and researchers need to do to help them come to the right solution.

Handbook Of Research Methods On Human Resource Development

Author: Mark N.K. Saunders
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781009244
Size: 80.90 MB
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As Human Resource Development (HRD) research has developed, a growing variety of quantitative and qualitative data collection procedures and analysis techniques have been adopted; research designs now include mono, multiple and mixed methods. This Hand

Social Work Practice Research For The Twenty First Century

Author: Anne E. Fortune
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231512643
Size: 65.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Social work professionals must demonstrate their effectiveness to legislators and governments, not to mention clients and incoming practitioners. A thorough evaluation of the activities, ethics, and outcomes of social work practice is critical to maintaining investment and interest in the profession and improving the lives of underserved populations. Incorporating the concerns of a new century into a consideration of models for practice research, this volume builds on the visionary work of William J. Reid (1928-2003) who transformed social work research through empirically based and task-centered approaches-and, more recently, synthesized intervention knowledge for framing future study. This collection reviews the task-centered model and other contemporary Evidence-Based Practice models for working with individuals, families, groups, communities, and organizations. Essays demonstrate the value of these pragmatic approaches in the United States and international settings. Contributors summarize state-of-the-art methods in several key fields of service, including children and families, aging, substance abuse, and mental health. They also evaluate the research movement itself, outlining an agenda for today's sociopolitical landscape and the profession. This volume inspires practice research to prioritize evidence as a base for the profession.

Developing Practice For Public Health And Health Promotion E Book

Author: Jennie Naidoo
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702044350
Size: 64.19 MB
Format: PDF
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This title is now out of print. A new edition with e-book is available under ISBN 9780702044540. This package provides you with the book plus the eBook – giving you the printed book and also giving access to the complete book content electronically. Evolve eBooks allows you to quickly search the entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Buying other Evolve eBooks titles makes your learning experience even better: all of the eBooks will work together on your electronic 'bookshelf', so that you can search across your entire library of Nursing eBooks. Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion is the second title in the ‘Public Health and Health Promotion Practice’ series, expanding on the best-selling introductory textbook, Foundations for Health Promotion. Developing Practice is an essential text for the many different practitioners, professionals and specialists who contribute to public health and health promotion, enabling them to develop their knowledge, skills and confidence. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy Case studies, activities and discussion points encourage interaction and reflection, and stimulate learning Unique, user-friendly approach makes learning easy Examines the forces that drive practice Focuses on the core strategies of: Tackling health inequalities User and public participation and involvement Working in partnerships Empowerment. Identifies current public health priorities and how to address these in practice. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy

Understanding And Using Health Experiences

Author: Sue Ziebland
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191643246
Size: 53.52 MB
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Improving patient experience is a global priority for health policy-makers and care providers. The need to look at healthcare delivery through the eyes of patients is widely accepted, but how should it be done? What use can be made of this information, and what evidence is there that such exercises lead to better care? Understanding and Using Health Experiences: Improving patient care examines a broad range of different sources and techniques for gathering and analyzing health experiences. Providing an accessible and pragmatic overview of the diversity and richness of research in the field this book explores the strengths and limitations of different approaches, and assesses what each method can contribute to improving people's experience of illness, and the way that health services are delivered. The book looks at topics such as using focus groups to understand experiences of health and illness, patient surveys, and the internet as a source of information on people's experience. Using clear and engaging examples throughout, the book is accessibly written by experts in social science, health services, and health policy, and will be valuable to postgraduate students, healthcare practitioners, and individuals working in health and social policy, public sector management, and research.

Learning Mobility And Non Formal Learning In European Contexts Policies Approaches And Examples

Author: Günter J.Friesenhahn, Hanjo Schild, Hans-Georg Wicke, Judit Balogh
Publisher: Council of Europe
ISBN: 928717833X
Size: 28.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Mobility is considered to be important for the personal development and employability of young people, as well as for intercultural dialogue, participation and active citizenship. Learning mobility in the youth field focuses on non-formal learning as a relevant part of youth work, with links to informal learning as well as to formal education. Different stakeholders at European level, particularly the Council of Europe and the European Commission, but also individual member states, foster programmes and strategies to enhance the mobility of young people, and particularly the learning dimension in mobility schemes. This book on learning mobility is a joint Council of Europe and European Commission publication, and provides texts of an academic, scientific, political and practical nature for all stakeholders in the youth field - youth leaders and youth workers, policy makers, researchers and so on. It should contribute to dialogue and co-operation between relevant players and to discussion on the further development and purpose of youth mobility schemes and their outcomes for young people.

Research Methods For Social Science

Author: R. A. McQueen
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780130404565
Size: 74.97 MB
Format: PDF
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Written in a clear, accessible and lively style, this text offers a comprehensive introduction as well as a practical guide to the planning, implementation and presentation of social research. Social research is introduced in a systematic way, following the logical sequence, which a student of the social science would follow in the design and implementation of a research project. The material is presented in a direct and humourous style, and the emphasis is on explanation with no assumption made about the reader's background in research issues.