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Taming The System

Author: Samuel Walker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195360158
Size: 49.38 MB
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It is a truism that the administration of criminal justice consists of a series of discretionary decisions by police, prosecutors, judges, and other officials. Taming the System is a history of the forty-year effort to control the discretion. It examines the discretion problem from the initial "discovery" of the phenomenon by the American Bar Foundation in the 1950s through to the most recent evaluation research on reform measures. Of enormous value to scholars, reformers, and criminal justice professionals, this book approaches the discretion problem through a detailed examination of four decision points: policing, bail setting, plea bargaining, and sentencing. In a field which largely produces short-ranged "evaluation research," this study, in taking a wider approach, distinguishes between the role of administrative bodies (the police) and evaluates the longer-term trends and the successful reforms in criminal justice history.

Handled With Discretion

Author: John Kleinig
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847681778
Size: 70.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This collection of essays examines the nature of police discretion and its many varieties. The essays explore the kinds of judgment calls police officers frequently must make: When should they get involved? Whom should they watch? What constitutes a disturbance of the peace? What resources should be devoted to a situation? Does social welfare take precedence over law enforcement? Under what conditions, if any, may police officers engage in selective enforcement of the law? Each essay or pair of essays is followed by a response, presenting contradictory or supplementary views.

The Culture Of Control

Author: David Garland
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198299370
Size: 32.16 MB
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This work charts the changes in crime control & criminal justice that have occurred in Britain & America over the last 25 years. It then explains these transformations by showing how social organisation has prompted political and cultural adaptations.

Introduction To Criminal Justice

Author: Lawrence F. Travis III
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1437734960
Size: 59.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This student-friendly introductory core text describes the criminal justice process in the United States — outlining the decisions, practices, people, and issues involved. It provides a solid introduction to the mechanisms of the criminal justice system, with balanced coverage of the issues presented by each facet of the process, including a thorough review of practices and controversies in law enforcement, the criminal courts, and corrections. * Each chapter is enhanced by important terms, boxes, photos, and review questions * New edition includes updated statistics and an extended focus on theoretical approaches throughout the text * New information and attention added on terrorism and homeland security issues * An easy-to-access glossary offers a complete collection of essential terms in criminal justice

The New World Of Police Accountability

Author: Samuel E. Walker
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452239193
Size: 32.28 MB
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The New World of Police Accountability is the first book to provide an original and comprehensive analysis of some of the most important developments in policing over the past ten years. Esteemed author Samuel Walker synthesizes the major developments in the area of police accountability and argues that these developments represent a new period in the history of police reform that promises to address the historic problems of police abuse. This text assesses both the achievements and limitations of police accountability and reshapes the conventional wisdom on this topic. The book covers such issues as federal law suits against the police, consent decrees, citizen oversight of the police, and early intervention systems.

The Supreme Court And The Fourth Amendment S Exclusionary Rule

Author: Tracey Maclin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199996431
Size: 75.59 MB
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The application of the Fourth Amendment's Exclusionary Rule has divided the Justices of the Supreme Court for nearly a century. As the legal remedy for when police violate the Fourth Amendment rights of a person and discover criminal evidence through illegal search and seizure, it is the most frequently litigated constitutional issue in United States courts. Tracey Maclin's The Supreme Court and the Fourth Amendment's Exclusionary Rule traces the rise and fall of the exclusionary rule using insight and behind-the-scenes access into the Court's thinking. Based on original archival research into the private papers of retired Justices, Professor Maclin's analysis clarifies the motivations and thoughts that explain the Court's exclusionary rule jurisprudence. He includes a comprehensive scholarly and objective discussion of the reasoning behind the Court decisions, and demonstrates that like other constitutional doctrines, the exclusionary rule is a political mechanism that expands and contracts as the times and Justices change. Ultimately, this book will help readers understand how constitutional law is constructed by judges with diverse political perspectives.

The Psychology And Law Of Criminal Justice Processes

Author: Roger J. R. Levesque
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781594543128
Size: 17.93 MB
Format: PDF
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Psychological science now reveals much about the law's response to crime. This is the first text to bridge both fields as it presents psychological research and theory relevant to each phase of criminal justice processes. The materials are divided into three parts that follow a comprehensive introduction. The introduction analyses the major legal themes and values that guide criminal justice processes and points to the many psychological issues they raise. Part I examines how the legal system investigates and apprehends criminal suspects. Topics range from the identification, searching and seizing to the questioning of suspects. Part II focuses on how the legal system establishes guilt. To do so, it centres on the process of bargaining and pleading cases, assembling juries, providing expert witnesses, and considering defendants' mental states. Part III focuses on the disposition of cases. Namely, that part highlights the process of sentencing defendants, predicting criminal tendencies, treating and controlling offenders, and determining eligibility for such extreme punishments as the death penalty. The format seeks to give readers a feeling for the entire criminal justice process and for the role psychological science has and can play in it.

You Decide

Author: Bruce N. Waller
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205514106
Size: 67.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book offers students a unique opportunity to examine strong yet very readable competing views on twenty of the major issues in contemporary criminal justice. It features the works of major writers in the discipline and explores the ideas, orientations and arguments driving the field. Each essay quickly draws readers into the debate using accompanying questions and encourages readers to assess arguments and determine their own conclusions. Where to Find More sections highlight additional resources that can be used to explore each issue in more detail. For anyone interested in the criminal justice system