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The Beginnings Of Jewishness

Author: Shaye J. D. Cohen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520226933
Size: 46.63 MB
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This is a study of the notion of Jewishness from c. 200 BCE to c. 200 CE. Reasonable and well-informed people disputed whether a given person was Jewish or not; Cohen opens by discussing just such an argument, about Herod the Great.

Das Priesterverst Ndnis Des Flavius Josephus

Author: Oliver Gussmann
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161495625
Size: 32.48 MB
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English summary: The ancient Jewish historian Flavius Josephus served as a priest of the Herodian temple of Jerusalem. He was not a member of one of the different religious parties of the Jewish community before the Jewish War (70 CE), but he ascribed his own origins to the old Hasmonean high priestly family. Oliver Gussmann presents Josephus' understanding of the priesthood by dealing with genealogy, priesthood and prophecy, theocracy, the architecture of the Second Temple and the symbolism of the high priestly vestments. This book is a contribution to the research on Josephus and the priesthood of ancient Judaism in the first century CE. There is an English translation of the summary. German description: Die Gestalt des antiken judischen Historikers Flavius Josephus erschliesst sich am homogensten von seiner Priesterschaft und von seinem Priesterverstandnis her, nicht aber durch seine Zuordnung zu einer der politisch-religiosen Parteien. Die Hohenpriester sind wesentliche Protagonisten der Geschichtsschreibung des Josephus. Er selbst ordnet sich dem hasmonaischen Priesteradel zu und sucht die Nahe zur politischen Macht. Josephus beruft sich auf seinen Status als Priester auch ohne aktive Kultausubung. Dieser Status ist zuerst und unverlierbar in seiner priesterlichen Abstammung begrundet. Josephus orientiert seine Sicht gegenuber romischen Lesern haufig an kultischen Gesichtspunkten sowie am Status und der Funktion von Priestern.Oliver Gussmann untersucht die Bedeutung der hohenpriesterlichen Amtsnachfolge und Genealogie bei Josephus, die Verbindung von Priestertum und Prophetie und das Modell eines judischen Gemeinwesens, das Josephus als Theokratie versteht. Josephus stellt die Jerusalemer Tempelarchitektur und den Ornat des Hohenpriesters mit Detailkenntnissen dar und deutet sie symbolisch. Die Hohenpriestergewander kommunizieren nicht nur politische Botschaften gegenuber den Romern nach aussen, sondern sie ordnen auch die judische Gesellschaft nach innen und haben kultisch mit den Vorstellungen von Reinheit und Suhne des Volkes und der Ordnung der Schopfung zu tun. Damit leistet Oliver Gussmann einen Beitrag zur Josephusforschung und zur Erhellung der religios-kulturellen Vorstellungswelt des antiken Judentums im ersten Jahrhundert n. Chr.Diese Arbeit wurde mit dem Adolf-Schlatter-Preis zur Forderung christlicher Theologie des Jahres 2009 ausgezeichnet

Handbuch J Dische Studien

Author: Christina von Braun
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 3825287122
Size: 26.46 MB
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Die Jüdischen Studien umfassen alle Gebiete, die für die Erforschung der jüdischen Geschichte, Philosophie und Religion von Bedeutung sind. Jüdische Religion und Kultur haben tiefe Spuren in der deutschen und europäischen Geschichte, Philosophie und Literatur hinterlassen. Auch waren sie beeinflusst vom wechselhaften Verhältnis der jüdischen und christlichen Religionen, das bisweilen ein tolerantes Miteinander ermöglichte, andererseits jedoch zu Verfolgung, Hass und – wie in Deutschland im 20. Jahrhundert – zum Genozid führte. Das Handbuch versucht, entlang einzelner Begriffe wie Ritual, Aufklärung, Diaspora, Sefarad / Aschkenas oder Zionismus sowie verschiedener Forschungsgebiete wie Philosophie, Mystik, Recht oder Ökonomie, Einblicke in die Geschichte des Judentums zu geben. Dieser Titel ist auf verschiedenen e-Book-Plattformen (Amazon, Apple, Libri, Thalia) auch als e-Pub-Version für mobile Lesegeräte verfügbar.

Jewish Literatures And Cultures

Author: Anita Norich
Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit
ISBN: 1930675550
Size: 42.61 MB
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Jewish literatures and cultures : context and intertext / Anita Norich -- From continuity to contiguity : thoughts on the theory of Jewish literature / Dan Miron -- Beyond influence : toward a new historiographic paradigm / Michael L. Satlow -- Hellenistic Judaism : myth or reality? / Gabriele Boccaccini -- "He was renowned to the ends of the earth" (1 Maccabees 3:9) : Judaism and Hellenism in 1 Maccabees / Martha Himmelfarb -- Roman statues, rabbis, and Greco-Roman culture / Yaron Z. Eliav -- The ghetto and Jewish cultural formation in early modern Europe : towards a new interpretation / David Ruderman -- Hybrid with what? : the variable contexts of Polish Jewish culture : their implications for Jewish cultural history and Jewish studies / Moshe Rosman -- Idols of the cave and theater : a verbal or visual Judaism? / Kalman P. Bland -- "Reverse marranism," translatability, and practice of secular Jewish culture in Russian / Gabriella Safran -- Intertextuality, Rabbinic literature, and the making of Hebrew modernism / Shachar Pinsker -- Brooklyn am Rhein? : the German sources of Jewish-American literature / Julian Levinson -- Diaspora and translation : the migrations of Jewish meaning / Naomi Seidman.

Why This New Race

Author: Denise Kimber Buell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231133359
Size: 54.74 MB
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Denise Kimber Buell radically rethinks the origins of Christian identity, arguing that race and ethnicity played a central role in early Christian theology. Focusing on texts written before the legalization of Christianity in 313 C.E., including Greek apologetic treatises, martyr narratives, and works by Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Justin Martyr, and Tertullian, Buell shows how philosophers and theologians defined Christians as a distinct group within the Roman world, characterizing Christianness as something both fixed in its essence and fluid in its acquisition through conversion. Buell demonstrates how this view allowed Christians to establish boundaries around the meaning of Christianness and to develop the kind of universalizing claims aimed at uniting all members of the faith. Her arguments challenge generations of scholars who have refused to acknowledge ethnic reasoning in early Christian discourses. They also provide crucial insight into the historical legacy of Christian anti-Semitism and contemporary issues of race.

The Body In Biblical Christian And Jewish Texts

Author: Joan E. Taylor
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0567312224
Size: 67.56 MB
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The body is an entity on which religious ideology is printed. Thus it is frequently a subject of interest, anxiety, prescription and regulation in both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament, as well as in early Christian and Jewish writings. Issues such as the body's age, purity, sickness, ability, gender, sexual actions, marking, clothing, modesty or placement can revolve around what the body is and is not supposed to be or do. The Body in Biblical, Christian and Jewish Texts comprises a range of inter-disciplinary and creative explorations of the body as it is described and defined in religious literature, with chapters largely written by new scholars with fresh perspectives. This is a subject with wide and important repercussions in diverse cultural contexts today.

Contesting Conversion

Author: Matthew Thiessen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199793670
Size: 60.73 MB
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Winner of the Manfred Lautenschlaeger Award for Theological Promise Matthew Thiessen offers a nuanced and wide-ranging study of the nature of Jewish thought on Jewishness, circumcision, and conversion. Examining texts from the Hebrew Bible, Second Temple Judaism, and early Christianity, he gives a compelling account of the various forms of Judaism from which the early Christian movement arose. Beginning with analysis of the Hebrew Bible, Thiessen argues that there is no evidence that circumcision was considered to be a rite of conversion to Israelite religion. In fact, circumcision, particularly the infant circumcision practiced within Israelite and early Jewish society, excluded from the covenant those not properly descended from Abraham. In the Second Temple period, many Jews began to subscribe to a definition of Jewishness that enabled Gentiles to become Jews. Other Jews, such as the author of Jubilees, found this definition problematic, reasserting a strictly genealogical conception of Jewish identity. As a result, some Gentiles who underwent conversion to Judaism in this period faced criticism because of their suspect genealogy. Thiessen's examination of the way in which Jews in the Second Temple period perceived circumcision and conversion allows a deeper understanding of early Christianity. Contesting Conversion shows that careful attention to a definition of Jewishness that was based on genealogical descent has crucial implications for understanding the variegated nature of early Christian mission to the Gentiles in the first century C.E.