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The Future Of Civil Litigation

Author: Laura Ervo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319044656
Size: 10.48 MB
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This book offers an analysis of the current trends and developments in Nordic civil litigation and is divided into four main parts. In the first part a picture of the current civil litigation landscape is provided by focusing on whether there is a truly Nordic form of civil litigation, the current state of Nordic civil litigation, the recent major reforms of civil procedure legislation and the effects of Europeanization. In the second part, the way rules on court-connected mediation have been implemented and practiced in the Nordic countries is discussed. The authors offer their insights on why court-connected mediation has not been fully embraced by Nordic lawyers and the Nordic approach to this type of mediation is contrasted with the Austrian and German approaches. In the third part, recent developments affecting access to justice in the Nordic countries are discussed. Among the topics are changes in legal aid schemes, the impact of recent civil procedure law reforms, hindrances for larger companies to use litigation as a method of dispute resolution and differences in costs and delays. Additionally, Alternative Dispute Resolution and Class or Group Actions are explored as methods to enhance access to justice. The potential adverse effects of Alternative Dispute Resolution and Group Actions are also examined, both in a Nordic and European context. In the final part, conclusions are drawn from both historical and future-oriented perspectives.

Nordic Mediation Research

Author: Anna Nylund
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319730193
Size: 47.98 MB
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This open access book presents twelve unique studies on mediation from researchers in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, respectively. Each study highlights important aspects of mediation, including the role of children in family mediation, the evolution and ambivalent application of restorative justice in the Nordic countries, the confusion of roles in court-connected mediation, and the challenges in dispute systems. Over the past 20-30 years, mediation has gained in popularity in many countries around the world and is often heralded as a suitable and cost-effective mode of conflict resolution. However, as the studies in this volumes show, mediation also has a number of potential drawbacks. Parties’ self-determination may be jeopardized, affected third parties are involved in an inadequate way, and the legal regulations may be flawed. The publication can inspire research, help professionals and policymakers in the field and be used as a textbook.

Current Trends In Preparatory Proceedings

Author: Laura Ervo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319293257
Size: 42.17 MB
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This book explores the regulations, goals and functioning of preparatory proceedings in four Nordic countries and eight former communist countries. The contributions discuss whether, and how the regulation and practice of preparatory proceedings enhance swift civil justice that is both inexpensive and has quality outcomes. A central question is whether the main hearing model of civil justice, in which preclusion of new evidence and claims occur at the end of the preparatory stage, results in greater efficiency, or whether the functioning of civil proceedings largely depends on other factors. It also examines regulation and use of court-connected mediation and judicial settlement efforts. This book offers comparative insights into the functioning of the preparatory civil proceedings in the countries covered. Preparatory proceedings are considered a key tool for achieving efficient civil proceedings. The claims and factual background of the case are clarified at an early stage, and the main hearing is focused. Judicial settlement efforts and court-connected mediation contribute to early resolution of cases, and are important elements of Nordic civil procedure The Nordic countries have used the main hearing model of civil proceedings for some decades, and recent reforms have further enhanced the role of the preparatory stage. Former communist countries are reforming their earlier piecemeal- format civil proceedings by introducing and strengthening written and oral preparation, as well as court-connected mediation.

Responsibilities And Liabilities For Commercial Activity In The Arctic

Author: Vibe Ulfbeck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317340825
Size: 69.71 MB
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Given the magnitude of the risks associated with commercial activities in the Arctic arising as a result of the milder climate, new business opportunities raise important questions of responsibility and liability. This book analyses the issues of responsibility and liability connected with the exploitation of natural resources, marine transport and other activities in the Arctic. Applying a combined private and public law perspective on these issues, it considers both the business and societal interests related to Arctic development using Greenland as an example. The book focuses on problems that are specific to Greenland and wider issues that affect all Arctic states.

Grenz Berschreitende Vollstreckung In Der Europ Ischen Union

Author: Miklós Kengyel
ISBN: 9783866531543
Size: 21.79 MB
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Gläubiger, die eine Erstreckung der Zwangsvollstreckung auf das im Ausland befindliche Vermögen des Schuldners wünschen, werden mit zahlreichen Problemen konfrontiert. Die Ursache dafür liegt in der nationalen Prägung des Vollstreckungsrechts. Wer kann die Pfändung des Bankkontos anordnen? Aufgrund welchen Beschlusses oder welcher anderer Urkunde kann die Pfändung verordnet werden? Wie gestaltet sich die Reihenfolge der Gläubiger im Falle von mehreren Forderungen? Von was für einem Rechtsmittel kann der Schuldner Gebrauch machen? Der vorliegende Band geht auf alle relevanten Fragen der Zwangsvollstreckung im europäischen Ausland ein und präsentiert die konkreten Ergebnisse des EU-Projekts zur Untersuchung der grenzüberschreitenden Vollstreckung in Europa. Unverzichtbar für Gerichtsvollzieher, Rechtsanwälte, Richter, Geldinstitute, Steuerbehörden, Vollstreckungsorgane und Notare.