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The Meaning Of Fossils

Author: Martin J. S. Rudwick
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022614898X
Size: 32.64 MB
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"It is not often that a work can literally rewrite a person's view of a subject. And this is exactly what Rudwick's book should do for many paleontologists' view of the history of their own field."—Stephen J. Gould, Paleobotany and Palynology "Rudwick has not merely written the first book-length history of palaeontology in the English language; he has written a very intelligent one. . . . His accounts of sources are rounded and organic: he treats the structure of arguments as Cuvier handled fossil bones."—Roy S. Porter, History of Science

The Meaning Of Fossils

Author: M. J. S. Rudwick
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226731032
Size: 61.52 MB
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Examines the way in which the study of fossils in five historical periods since the Renaissance reflects man's changing view of nature

Cambridge Guide To Minerals Rocks And Fossils

Author: A. Bishop
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521778817
Size: 60.63 MB
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Whether hiking along a mountain trail, setting up camp in the field, or working in a garden, this is the definitive resource for anyone interested in identifying the rocks, minerals, or fossils they come across. Easily portable and with nearly 250 illustrations, with 145 in full-color, Cambridge Guide to Minerals, Rocks and Fossils is an indispensable handbook for amateur collectors and specialists alike. For each mineral, the authors explain and list the physical and optical properties, from crystal systems, hardness and fracture to color, transparency, and luster. They also discuss the occurrence of each mineral, as well as handy tips on their distinguishing features. For each type of rock, the Guide lists the color, color index, grain size, texture, structure, mineralogy, and field relations. In addition, for each fossil, the authors provide their corresponding type, age, and geographical distributions, along with detailed descriptions of their sizes and shapes. The clear, informative illustrations help elucidate technical concepts that often befuddle amateur collectors.

Reader S Guide To The History Of Science

Author: Arne Hessenbruch
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781884964299
Size: 57.17 MB
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"A readers' advisory to the best books on the history of science. Written by 200 international scholars, the 600 comparative essays begin with a bibliography of important works, followed by reviews of those sources in the body of the entry. Important concepts and processes, phenomena, and scientists as well as scientific developments in different countries are covered."--"Outstanding Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2002.

Manual Of Curatorship

Author: John M. A. Thompson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317791606
Size: 52.48 MB
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Based on original contributions by specialists, this manual covers both the theory and the practice required in the management of museums. It is intended for all museum and art gallery profession staff, and includes sections on new technology, marketing, volunteers and museum libraries.

Morphology And Evolution Of Turtles

Author: Donald B. Brinkman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400743084
Size: 70.57 MB
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This volume celebrates the contributions of Dr. Eugene Gaffney to the study of turtles, through a diverse and complementary collection of papers that showcases the latest research on one of the most intriguing groups of reptiles. A mix of focused and review papers deals with numerous aspects of the evolutionary history of turtles, including embryonic development, origins, early diversification, phylogenetic relationships, and biogeography. Moreover it includes reports on important but poorly understood fossil turtle assemblages, provides historical perspectives on turtle research, and documents disease and variation in turtles. With its broad scope, which includes descriptions of material and new taxa from Australia, Asia, and Europe, as well as North and South America, this work will be an essential resource for anyone interested in the morphology and evolution of turtles. “This volume’s breadth of time, geography, and taxonomic coverage makes it a major contribution to the field and a ‘must have’ for all vertebrate paleontologists.”, James F. Parham, California State University, CA, USA “A comprehensive and sweeping overview of turtle evolution by the top experts in the field that will interest everyone curious about these unique reptiles.” Jason S. Anderson, University of Calgary, Canada “An invaluable addition to the literature that covers the full spectrum of approaches toward understanding the evolution of these noble creatures.” Ann C. Burke, Wesleyan University, CT , USA “A truly comprehensive volume that both the student of fossil turtles, as well as the general reader interested in these enigmatic creatures, will find fascinating.” Tyler Lyson, Yale University, CT, USA​

Darwin The Writer

Author: George Levine
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191620629
Size: 33.16 MB
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Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, arguably the most important book written in English in the nineteenth century, transformed the way we looked at the world. It is usually assumed that this is because the idea of evolution was so staggeringly powerful. Prize-winning author George Levine suggests that much of its influence was due, in fact, to its artistry; to the way it was written. Alive with metaphor, vivid descriptions, twists, hesitations, personal exclamations, and humour, the prose is imbued with the sorts of tensions, ambivalences, and feelings characteristic of great literature. Although it is certainly a work of "science," the Origin is equally a work of "literature," at home in the company of celebrated Victorian novels such as Middlemarch and Bleak House, books that give us a unique yet recognisable sense of what the world is really like, while not being literally 'true'. Darwin's enormous cultural success, Levine contends, depended as much on the construction of his argument and the nature of his language, as it did on the power of his ideas and his evidence. By challenging the dominant reading of his work, this impassioned and energetic book gives us a Darwin who is comic rather than tragic, ebullient rather than austere, and who takes delight in the wild and fluid entanglement of things.

The Sixth Extinction

Author: Elizabeth Kolbert
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1408851237
Size: 28.35 MB
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Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions of life on earth. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. Elizabeth Kolbert combines brilliant field reporting, the history of ideas and the work of geologists, botanists and marine biologists to tell the gripping stories of a dozen species – including the Panamanian golden frog and the Sumatran rhino – some already gone, others at the point of vanishing. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy and Elizabeth Kolbert's book urgently compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.

Principles Of Geology

Author: Charles Lyell
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141936800
Size: 67.22 MB
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One of the key works in the nineteenth-century battle between science and Scripture, Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology (1830-33) sought to explain the geological state of the modern Earth by considering the long-term effects of observable natural phenomena. Written with clarity and a dazzling intellectual passion, it is both a seminal work of modern geology and a compelling precursor to Darwinism, exploring the evidence for radical changes in climate and geography across the ages and speculating on the progressive development of life. A profound influence on Darwin, Principles of Geology also captured the imagination of contemporaries such as Melville, Emerson, Tennyson and George Eliot, transforming science with its depiction of the powerful forces that shape the natural world.

Dark Vanishings

Author: Patrick Brantlinger
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801468671
Size: 26.50 MB
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Patrick Brantlinger here examines the commonly held nineteenth-century view that all "primitive" or "savage" races around the world were doomed sooner or later to extinction. Warlike propensities and presumed cannibalism were regarded as simultaneously noble and suicidal, accelerants of the downfall of other races after contact with white civilization. Brantlinger finds at the heart of this belief the stereotype of the self-exterminating savage, or the view that "savagery" is a sufficient explanation for the ultimate disappearance of "savages" from the grand theater of world history. Humanitarians, according to Brantlinger, saw the problem in the same terms of inevitability (or doom) as did scientists such as Charles Darwin and Thomas Henry Huxley as well as propagandists for empire such as Charles Wentworth Dilke and James Anthony Froude. Brantlinger analyzes the Irish Famine in the context of ideas and theories about primitive races in North America, Australia, New Zealand, and elsewhere. He shows that by the end of the nineteenth century, especially through the influence of the eugenics movement, extinction discourse was ironically applied to "the great white race" in various apocalyptic formulations. With the rise of fascism and Nazism, and with the gradual renewal of aboriginal populations in some parts of the world, by the 1930s the stereotypic idea of "fatal impact" began to unravel, as did also various more general forms of race-based thinking and of social Darwinism.