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The Myth Of Executive Functioning

Author: Leonard F. Koziol
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331904477X
Size: 44.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Executive functioning: we measure it, assess it, document its development in youth, track its decline in age and use it as a basis for diagnoses, treatment planning and-of course-theories. Could it be possible that science has spent decades chasing a cognitive phantom? Noting the lack of consensus concerning definition, component skills, and location within the brain, The Myth of Executive Functioning calls basic assumptions, prominent theories, commonly used test methods, and even the phrase executive functioning into question. The book's deceptively simple argument takes an evolutionary/neuroscience look at the cornerstones of cognitive organization, including memory, planning, decision-making and adaptation to novel circumstances. From there, gaps are identified between systems of cognitive control and those behaviors that are evaluated in neuropsychological testing-gaps that contribute to the disconnect between how science views mind and body, brain and behavior. The author's problem-solving metaphor places new emphasis on stimulus processing and on the relationship between movement and thought as he offers thought-provoking perspectives on: The limits of neuropsychological constructs. The components of adaptive thinking. The automatic aspects of problem solving. The left-brain/right-brain dichotomy. Problems with the domain approach to cognition. New paradigms for testing cognitive functioning. A controversial presentation with the potential to change clinical practice and training, The Myth of Executive Functioning will be read, debated and learned from by neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, cognitive neuroscientists and rehabilitation specialists.

Personalauswahl In Der Wissenschaft

Author: Claudia Peus
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366248112X
Size: 10.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Dieses Buch bietet Personalverantwortlichen an Hochschulen und anderen Forschungseinrichtungen einen praxisnahen Überblick über Grundlage und Methoden einer erfolgreichen Personalauswahl. Neben personalpsychologischem Basiswissen werden Besonderheiten der Auswahl im Wissenschaftskontext vermittelt (Berufungsverfahren an Universitäten, Geschlecht und Personalauswahl u.a.) und ein idealtypischer Auswahlprozess dargestellt (Anforderungsanalysen, Gestaltung von Stellenausschreibungen, Unterlagensichtung, Arbeitsproben, Bewerbungsinterviews u.a.). Ein weiteres Kapitel widmet sich den Besonderheiten bei der Auswahl von Professorinnen und Professoren und abschließend werden Fallbeispiele zu Standards und erfolgreichen Projekten im deutschsprachigen Raum vorgestellt. Ein Buch für Personalverantwortliche an Universitäten und anderen Forschungseinrichtungen sowie Professorinnen und Professoren aller Fachrichtungen.