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The Politics Of Innovation

Author: Associate Professor of Political Science Mark Zachary Taylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190464135
Size: 52.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Why are some countries better than others at science and technology (S&T)? Written in an approachable style, The Politics of Innovation provides readers from all backgrounds and levels of expertise a comprehensive introduction to the debates over national S&T competitiveness. It synthesizes over fifty years of theory and research on national innovation rates, bringing together the current political and economic wisdom, and latest findings, about how nations become S&T leaders. Many experts mistakenly believe that domestic institutions and policies determine national innovation rates. However, after decades of research, there is still no agreement on precisely how this happens, exactly which institutions matter, and little aggregate evidence has been produced to support any particular explanation. Yet, despite these problems, a core faith in a relationship between domestic institutions and national innovation rates remains widely held and little challenged. The Politics of Innovation confronts head-on this contradiction between theory, evidence, and the popularity of the institutions-innovation hypothesis. It presents extensive evidence to show that domestic institutions and policies do not determine innovation rates. Instead, it argues that social networks are as important as institutions in determining national innovation rates. The Politics of Innovation also introduces a new theory of "creative insecurity" which explains how institutions, policies, and networks are all subservient to politics. It argues that, ultimately, each country's balance of domestic rivalries vs. external threats, and the ensuing political fights, are what drive S&T competitiveness. In making its case, The Politics of Innovation draws upon statistical analysis and comparative case studies of the United States, Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Thailand, the Philippines, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Turkey, Israel, Russia and a dozen countries across Western Europe.

Evolutionary Economics And The New International Political Economy

Author: John De la Mothe
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781855671577
Size: 48.62 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Evolutionary economics focuses on the theory of the firm, organizational behavior and the role of technological change to reassess in a non-orthodox way the factors which motivate firms and individuals on a national and international level. With the heightened level of economic interaction, modern socio-economies are increasingly being shaped by their trade patterns and their innovation activities. In recent years it has become equally clear that standard neo-classical and fashionable "public choice" approaches to trade and economic growth are incapable of explaining the current "drift" of capitalist economies, or of guiding, in any practical way, the formulation of either publication innovation and trade policies or corporate strategies. The evolutionary approach is gaining currency amongst academics in business and management studies, as it embraces political and philosophical debates about the economy. This text brings together leading authorities in the field to examine and explain in a lucid, clear andauthoritative way the changing nature of relations within and between national economies.

Innovation For Development And The Role Of Government

Author: Qimiao Fan
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 082137673X
Size: 16.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book examines the relationship between innovation, competitiveness, and economic growth, the role of innovation in financial sector development, and specific government policies for innovation in China.

The Technological Specialization Of Advanced Countries

Author: D. Archibugi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792317500
Size: 16.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Advanced countries have shown an increasing convergence in their economic performance and technological intensity, with a relative decline of the position of the United States and the emergence of the European and Japanese economies. The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries moves beyond aggregate patterns and examines the sectoral structure of technological activities, the process of specialization, and the impact on national performance. Indicators of technology and of scientific activity are examined together with other economic and R & D data, providing a wealth of empirical evidence on the activities, and areas of strength and weakness of individual countries. The amount of disaggregated data provided, and the assessment offered on the state of art in science and technology indicators, make The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries an important reference work. A description of the fields of national effort is provided and a special study is devoted to the fields of greater innovative dynamism where patenting has grown most rapidly. Over time, countries have concentrated their technological efforts in the fields of their greater strength, under the pressure of increasing international competition and the proprietary nature of know how. Conversely, in science there has generally been a decrease in the degree of specialization, with countries entering new fields of research, taking advantage of the open flow of scientific knowledge. For science and technology policy, the findings of The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries suggest that national efforts should be combined with the growing international integration. The aims of maintaining established areas of strength and of developing new specializations in emerging fields should be balanced, and a more selective policy at the sectoral level is suggested.

The Political Economy Of Science Technology And Innovation

Author: Ben R. Martin
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 42.18 MB
Format: PDF
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Technical change has radically altered economic development in the industrialised world and it has become ever more important to understand the sources, nature and consequences of innovation. the Political Economy of Science, Technology and Innovation is an authoritative collection of the most important papers by leading international scholars in this field. This collection is divided into five sections which cover the historical roots of the subject, the function of science in technological innovation and economic growth, technological development, the generation of new products and processes, and the climate for innovation in industry. Each section consists of path-breaking classic papers that have defined the field together with more recent papers which indicate current research activity.

Canada S National System Of Innovation

Author: Jorge Niosi
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773520127
Size: 38.63 MB
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In Canada's National System of Innovation Jorge Niosi discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the concept of innovation, examining the works of Bengt-Ake Lundvall, Christopher Freeman, Richard Nelson, Charles Edquist and others around the world. He argues that the concept is particularly useful in analysing science and technology policy and related institutions.