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The Spatial Dimension Of Risk

Author: Detlef Muller-Mahn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1849710856
Size: 27.74 MB
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This book explores the spatial dimensions of risk, examining the importance and role of 'space' within theories of risk and risk governance.The Spatial Dimensions of Risk discusses a broad range of risks, including natural hazards, climate change, political violence, and state failure. Case studies come from diverse settings globally, from Congo to Central Asia, from tsunami and civil war affected areas in Sri Lanka to avalanche hazards in Austria. The contributors explore the role of space in the causes and differentiations of risk, how we can conceptualize risk from a spatial perspective and the relevance of space and locality for risk governance.Through its exploration of the relationship between the production of risks and the construction of space, the book offers new approaches to theorizing risk and insights in to how better to manage, tolerate and take risks.

Historical Disaster Experiences

Author: Gerrit Jasper Schenk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319491636
Size: 17.74 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Historical disaster research is still a young field. This book discusses the experiences of natural disasters in different cultures, from Europe across the Near East to Asia. It focuses on the pre-industrial era and on the question of similarities, differences and transcultural dynamics in the cultural handling of natural disasters. Which long-lasting cultural patterns of perception, interpretation and handling of disasters can be determined? Have specific types of disasters changed the affected societies? What have people learned from disasters and what not? What adaptation and coping strategies existed? Which natural, societal and economic parameters play a part? The book not only reveals the historical depth of present practices, but also reveals possible comparisons that show globalization processes, entanglements and exchanges of ideas and practices in pre-modern times.

Moral Responsibility And Risk In Society

Author: Jessica Nihlén Fahlquist
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131727458X
Size: 51.26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Risks, including health and technological, attract a lot of attention in modern societies, from individuals as well as policy-makers. Human beings have always had to deal with dangers, but contemporary societies conceptualise these dangers as risks, indicating that they are to some extent controllable and calculable. Conceiving of dangers in this way implies a need to analyse how we hold people responsible for risks and how we can and should take responsibility for risks. Moral Responsibility and Risk in Society combines philosophical discussion of different concepts and notions of responsibility with context-specific applications in the areas of health, technology and environment. The book consists of two parts addressing two crucial aspects of risks and responsibility: holding agents responsible, i.e. ascribing and distributing responsibility for risks, and taking responsibility for risk. More specifically, the book discusses the values of fairness and efficacy in responsibility distributions and makes distinctions between backward-looking and forward-looking responsibility as well as individual and collective responsibility. Additionally, it analyses what it means to take responsibility for technological risks, conceptualising this kind of responsibility as a virtue, and furthermore, explores the notion of responsible risk communication and the implications for adult-child relationships. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental ethics, bioethics, public health ethics, engineering ethics, philosophy of risk and moral philosophy.

Urban Disaster Resilience And Security

Author: Alexander Fekete
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319686062
Size: 78.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This edited book investigates the interrelations of disaster impacts, resilience and security in an urban context. Urban as a term captures megacities, cities, and generally, human settlements, that are characterised by concentration of quantifiable and non-quantifiable subjects, objects and value attributions to them. The scope is to narrow down resilience from an all-encompassing concept to applied ways of scientifically attempting to ‚measure’ this type of disaster related resilience. 28 chapters in this book reflect opportunities and doubts of the disaster risk science community regarding this ‚measurability’. Therefore, examples utilising both quantitative and qualitative approaches are juxtaposed. This book concentrates on features that are distinct characteristics of resilience, how they can be measured and in what sense they are different to vulnerability and risk parameters. Case studies in 11 countries either use a hypothetical pre-event estimation of resilience or are addressing a ‘revealed resilience’ evident and documented after an event. Such information can be helpful to identify benchmarks or margins of impact magnitudes and related recovery times, volumes and qualities of affected populations and infrastructure.