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The Working Classes And Higher Education

Author: Amy E. Stich
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317444914
Size: 57.94 MB
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Within the broader context of the global knowledge economy, wherein the "college-for-all" discourse grows more and more pervasive and systems of higher education become increasingly stratified by social class, important and timely questions emerge regarding the future social location and mobility of the working classes. Though the working classes look very different from the working classes of previous generations, the weight of a universal working-class identity/background amounts to much of the same economic vulnerability and negative cultural stereotypes, all of which continue to present obstacles for new generations of working-class youth, many of whom pursue higher education as a necessity rather than a "choice." Using a sociological lens, contributors examine the complicated relationship between the working classes and higher education through students’ distinct experiences, challenges, and triumphs during three moments on a transitional continuum: the transition from secondary to higher education; experiences within higher education; and the transition from higher education to the workforce. In doing so, this volume challenges the popular notion of higher education as a means to equality of opportunity and social mobility for working-class students.

Revolutionizing Global Higher Education Policy

Author: Joseph M. Piro
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317535324
Size: 55.77 MB
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The ‘traditional’ university model has been transformed globally, fueled by disruptive technologies, new learning platforms, increasing fiscal austerity, and the rise of knowledge economies. The Bologna Process, a European initiative intended to streamline higher education standards and qualifications, offers modernized, innovative pathways to learning including shortened degree timetables and a three-cycle system. Now comprised of 48 participating countries, the initiative has had a significant impact across global higher education. This volume examines the issues central to the Process as told from the viewpoints and experiences of stakeholders who have been involved with it at various stages of progression. This volume explores the significant successes and challenges the Bologna Process has faced over the last decade, where it is now, and where it is headed. It presents data on countries and individuals involved with the Process as well as students’ growing connections and concerns about Bologna reforms. It also looks ahead to the Europe 2020 goals and what these may represent to differential policy actors, not only for the group of original signatories, but for those countries newer to the Process.

Transnational Education Crossing Asia And The West

Author: Le-Ha Phan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317638131
Size: 52.97 MB
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In this book, Phan Le-Ha identifies and discusses four growing self-sustained/sustaining fundamental phenomena in transnational education (TNE), namely (1) the planned, evolving and transformative mediocrity behind the endorsement of English-medium education legitimized by the interactive Asia-the West relationship; (2) the strategic employment of the terms ‘Asia/Asian’ and ‘West/Western’ by all stakeholders in their perceptions and construction of choice, quality, rigour, reliability and attractiveness of programs, courses, and locations; (3) the adjusted desire for an imagined (and often misinformed) ‘West’ among various stakeholders of transnational education; and (4) the assigned and self-realized ownership of English by otherwise normally on-the-margin groups of speakers. A focus on how these phenomena impact questions of identity and desire in TNE is a running theme. The above phenomena are discussed against the backdrop of ‘the rise of Asia’ sentiment and how this sentiment has played out in interactions and relationships between ‘the West’ and ‘Asia’ and among Asian institutions and various entities. Phan Le-Ha’s examination of the identified phenomena in TNE has been informed by her multi-layered engagement with the dialectic of the Asia-the West relationship, her critical take on certain pro-Asia and decolonisation scholarship, and her interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach to theorise the field and the specific topic under scrutiny. Phan Le-Ha shows that the current Asia chooses (not necessarily by force but largely by will and often with an informed and well-articulated agency) to go with the idea of the West and often desires an affiliation with the West either directly or indirectly, something that is getting more intense in the context of globalization, regionalization, and commercialization of education. The rise of Asia has made the idea of the West even more looked-for in Asia. TNE in Asia, in many ways, is the transforming and dynamic transit point, a layover that facilitates entry into a wanted destination – the West and/or the idea of the West. The West and Asia need one another more than ever in the context of the internationalization and commercialization of higher education. What’s more, the West and Asia have hardly ever been mutually exclusive but have rather been in an eventful love-and-obsession relationship with each other. This is the very dialectic proposition that Phan Le Ha takes throughout this book while paying specific attention to transnational higher education in the greater Asian region including the Middle East, following her several research projects conducted in the region since 2005 to date. Transnational Education Crossing 'the West' and 'Asia' explores: • English, Internationalisation of Higher Education, and Identity: Increasing Academic Monolingualism and English-only Package • Transnational Education and Dream Realization: From the Philippines to Vietnam, From Afghanistan to Dubai, From Everywhere in Asia to Thailand • Desiring International /Transnational Education: Theorisation of Key Concepts and Next Steps from Here The book will be of interest to researchers in the field of transnational education, Asia education and education policy.

The Design Of The University

Author: Heinz-Dieter Meyer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317623282
Size: 59.52 MB
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What is the reason for the American university’s global preeminence? How did the American university succeed where the development of the German university, from which it took so much, stalled? In this closely-argued book, Meyer suggests that the key to the American university’s success is its institutional design of self-government. Where other university systems are dependent on the patronage of state, church, or market, the American university is the first to achieve true autonomy, which it attained through an intricate system of engagements with societal actors and institutions that simultaneously act as amplifiers of its impact and as checks on the university’s ever-present corrosive tendencies. Built on a searching analysis of the design thinking of Wilhelm von Humboldt and Adam Smith and closely tracing the learning process by which Americans adapted the German model, The Design of the University dismisses efforts to copy superficial features of the American university in order to achieve world-class rank. Calling attention to the design details of the university and the particulars of its institutional environment, this volume identifies the practices and choices that produced the gold standard for today’s world class higher education.

Widening Participation In Higher Education

Author: T. Hinton-Smith
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137283416
Size: 48.53 MB
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This collection offers an authoritative, up-to-date commentary on the challenges facing higher education today across both the UK and internationally. The book charts the impact of global economic trends and recent policy developments for students, academics, providers and changing course provision.

Critical Perspectives On Global Competition In Higher Education

Author: Portnoi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119017505
Size: 46.30 MB
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This volume delivers a cutting-edge analysis on vernacular globalization, or how local forces mediate global trends. It delves into the vital facets of the quest for global competitiveness, including: Global university rankings World-class universities University mergers Quality assurance Cross-border higher education International education hubs. The authors situate their topics within current international scholarship and demonstrate the myriad avenues through which local actors in higher education may respond to global competition. They pose critical questions about the impact of global competition in an increasingly hierarchical higher education environment, interrogating the potential for social injustice that arises. By providing an alternative perspective to the descriptive, normative approach that dominates the scholarship on global competition in higher education, the chapters in this volume open a fresh and invaluable dialogue in this arena. This is the 168th volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Higher Education. Addressed to presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other higher education decision makers on all kinds of campuses, it provides timely information and authoritative advice about major issues and administrative problems confronting every institution.

Routledge International Encyclopedia Of Women

Author: Cheris Kramarae
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135963150
Size: 28.69 MB
Format: PDF
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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

University Access And Success

Author: Merridy Wilson-Strydom
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317701836
Size: 65.47 MB
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The challenge of widening access and participation in higher education in a manner that ensures students are successful in their studies is a major issue globally and a significant research-focus within higher education studies and higher education policy. Similarly, the challenge of under-preparedness of students entering higher education has become increasingly pertinent as universities in both developed and developing countries struggle to improve their throughput rates in a context in which schooling no longer seems to provide sufficient preparation for entering university. In this book Merridy Wilson-Strydom applies the capabilities approach to better understand university access and participation and draws on a rich case study from South Africa to critically and innovatively explore the complex and contradictory terrain of access with success. The book integrates quantitative and qualitative research with theory and practical application to provide a new framework for considering and improving the transition from school to university. University Access and Success will appeal to academics and researchers in the field of higher education internationally. The book also contributes to the growing body of international and comparative scholarship on the capabilities approach in higher education and will therefore be of value to higher education practitioners, such as those working in the promotion of teaching and learning, higher education quality assurance, institutional research and student affairs.

Inequality And The Stratification Of Uk Higher Education

Author: Vikki Boliver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138643710
Size: 44.12 MB
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Dramatic expansion of access to higher education has been one of the most significant educational developments of the last fifty years. Politicians, educationalists and the public have seen higher education as offering a ladder of opportunity to social mobility, but this promise has not materialised. Increasingly, access to advantaged positions in the labour market and society depends not only on having a degree, but on having a degree from a more prestigious university. At the same time, there are striking inequalities of access to high-status institutions on the basis of social class and race/ethnicity. In this book, sociologists Vikki Boliver and Paul Wakeling focus on the case of the UK as a particularly interesting example of these processes of social and institutional stratification. Drawing on extensive research evidence about access to higher education and graduates� outcomes, they identify three distinct groups of universities which differ in power, status and wealth: �elite� universities, �good� universities, and the rest. The re-emergence of these cleavages has direct consequences for social mobility and social justice and this shows the capacity for resistance to the use of education as an antidote to inequality. This book is essential reading for academics, policy analysts and students interested in the growing differentiation of universities and the role higher education plays in the reproduction of social inequalities. It will be a core text for specialists in the fields of sociology of education and education policy, and of interest to social scientists in general because of its key themes of social stratification, educational inequality, and social mobility.

Breaking Through The Access Barrier

Author: Edward P. St. John
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136952381
Size: 33.63 MB
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Breaking Through the Access Barrier argues that the policies designed to address inequalities in college access are failing to address underlying issues of inequality. This book introduces academic capital formation (ACF), a groundbreaking new theory defined by family knowledge of educational options and the opportunities for pursuing them. The authors suggest focusing on intervention programs and public policy to promote improvement in academic preparation, college information, and student aid. This textbook offers: a new construct–academic capital–that integrates and draws upon existing literature on influencing access to college practical advice for better preparation and intervention real student outcomes, databases, and interviews taken from exemplary intervention programs empirical research illuminating the role of class reproduction in education and how interventions (financial, academic, and networking) can reduce student barriers quantitative and qualitative analysis of the importance and effectiveness of several major policy interventions. Written for courses on higher education policy and policy analysis, readers will find Breaking Through the Access Barrier offers valuable advice for working within new policy frameworks and reshaping the future of educational opportunities and access for under-represented students from disadvantaged backgrounds.