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Understanding Language Classroom Contexts

Author: Martin Wedell
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441160590
Size: 73.44 MB
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Arguably the whole point of education is to effect change in what people know and are able to do. Globalization has contributed to a common perception worldwide of the need to introduce changes to the teaching and learning of languages. The success of many attempts to do so has been limited by insufficient consideration of implementation contexts. Understanding Language Classroom Contexts explores and illustrates how what happens in any (language) classroom is influenced by (and can be an influence on) the contexts in which it is situated. A clear understanding of these influences is thus the starting point for planning effective change. The book considers many visible and invisible features of the multiple layers of any context, and provides a framework for understanding the types of factors that may influence whether changes (planned by a teacher or externally initiated) are likely to be successful. The book will help teachers (and educational managers or change planners outside the classroom) to understand why their classrooms are as they are and so to make informed decisions about what can or cannot (or not easily) be changed, and suggests how any changes might be appropriately managed.

Understanding The Impact Of Inset On Teacher Change In China

Author: Ming Li
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811333114
Size: 57.83 MB
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This pivot considers the impact of INSET courses on EFL teachers practicing under the national curriculum reform in China. Providing context-specific findings on the policy and implementation of INSET as well as its impact on teacher education initiatives in both China and similar contexts, it explores the limitations of one off training events such as INSET and the inconsistency between teacher learning results and their classroom practices. The book argues that teachers, when returning to pre-INSET teaching, are influenced by their prior deeply-rooted beliefs largely considered more powerful than newly-learnt theories. Addressing the rarely discussed fact that the complex and dynamic characteristics of teacher learning change over time and support the construct of teacher learning as a social event rather than a one-off event, the book also offers practical solutions on how to improve teacher education and enhance the long-term INSET impact on teacher development, with the ambition of promoting education reform for both teachers and students alike.

International Perspectives On Teachers Living With Curriculum Change

Author: Martin Wedell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137543094
Size: 20.80 MB
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“This book gives a voice to English language teachers faced with the challenges posed by English language curriculum change. As a core component of national state system curricula in virtually every country in the world, there has nevertheless been little research exploring how the millions of English teachers worldwide navigate the challenges posed by such curriculum changes. This volume includes eleven stories from teachers based across every continent, providing a global glimpse of how national English curriculum change projects have been experienced by classroom teachers who are commonly (if erroneously) viewed as mostly responsible for its implementation success or failure. The final chapter synthesises these experiences and suggests wider implications for the development of curriculum change planning processes, and how they might better support teachers’ attempts to achieve curriculum goals. Edited and authored by leading experts in the field, this ground-breaking collection will be of interest to students and scholars of English language teaching, teacher education, curriculum change and education policy.”

Teacher Development In Action

Author: M. Kubanyiova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230348424
Size: 61.48 MB
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Bringing together multiple sources of data and combining existing theories across language teacher cognition, teacher education, second language motivation and psychology, this empirically-grounded analysis of teacher development in action offers new insights into the complex and dynamic nature of language teachers' conceptual change.

Language Online

Author: David Barton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135906971
Size: 33.58 MB
Format: PDF
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In Language Online, David Barton and Carmen Lee investigate the impact of the online world on the study of language. The effects of language use in the digital world can be seen in every aspect of language study, and new ways of researching the field are needed. In this book the authors look at language online from a variety of perspectives, providing a solid theoretical grounding, an outline of key concepts, and practical guidance on doing research. Chapters cover topical issues including the relation between online language and multilingualism, identity, education and multimodality, then conclude by looking at how to carry out research into online language use. Throughout the book many examples are given, from a variety of digital platforms, and a number of different languages, including Chinese and English. Written in a clear and accessible style, this is a vital read for anyone new to studying online language and an essential textbook for undergraduates and postgraduates working in the areas of new media, literacy and multimodality within language and linguistics courses.

Tourism Recreation And Climate Change

Author: Prof. C. Michael Hall
Publisher: Channel View Publications
ISBN: 1845413148
Size: 57.47 MB
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Climate change is one of the major issues facing us today and has been described as a threat greater than terrorism. As the world's largest industry tourism both contributes to and will be dramatically affected by climate change. This is the first comprehensive book-level examination of the relationship between tourism and climate change, of interest not only to students of tourism but to policy makers and the industry who will have to respond to the challenges posed.

Approaches To Natural Language

Author: Jaakko Hintikka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401025061
Size: 30.61 MB
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The papers and comments published in the present volume represent the proceedings of a research workshop on the grammar and semantics of natural languages held at Stanford University in the fall of 1970. The workshop met first for three days in September and then for a period of two days in November for extended discussion and analysis. The workshop was sponsored by the Committee on Basic Research in Education, which has been funded by the United States Office of Education through a grant to the National Academy of Education and the National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council. We acknowledge with pleasure the sponsorship which made possible a series oflively and stimulating meetings that were both enjoyable and instructive for the three of us, and, we hope, for most of the participants, including a number of local linguists and philosophers who did not contribute papers but actively joined in the discussion. One of the central participants in the workshop was Richard Montague. We record our sense of loss at his tragic death early in 1971, and we dedicate this volume to his memory. None of the papers in the present volume discusses explicitly problems of education. In our view such a discussion is neither necessary nor sufficient for a contribution to basic research in education. There are in fact good reasons why the kind of work reported in the present volume constitutes an important aspect of basic research in education.

Text And Context

Author: Claire J. Kramsch
Publisher: D C Heath & Co
Size: 79.74 MB
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The papers in this volume, stemming from the Fourth Annual conference of the Consortium for Language Teaching and Learning, explore the relationships between form and meaning in language use.

Reflection Change And Reconstruction In The Context Of Educational Reform And Innovation In China

Author: Yuhong Jiang
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443845744
Size: 10.68 MB
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This book delivers a state-of-the-art survey of the issues and approaches in contemporary English as a foreign language (EFL) teacher education. It examines the professional development of the teachers who taught English as a foreign language and engaged in a teacher preparation programme of reflective teaching at a university in China. Situated in the context of the reforms of English language teaching and teacher education, this book focuses on the theme of how, if at all, reflective teaching contributes to Chinese university EFL teachers’ development in thinking about English language teaching and in their own classroom practice. To date, the study of English as a foreign language teacher education and professional development mainly focused on the teaching skills and pedagogical knowledge of teachers. However, this book approaches English language teacher education from a different perspective, through an empirical exploration of the teachers’ professional development in their thinking, beliefs, values, understandings of teaching, awareness of students, and their classroom practice while engaged with reflective teaching practice at the group level and the individual level respectively. Adopting an interpretivist and constructivist epistemological paradigm, and drawing on key aspects of reflective teaching theory, the book investigates how the novice, developing, and experienced teachers differed in their views about reflective practice; how the teachers’ thinking about English language teaching transformed; how the teachers’ performance in EFL classroom practice developed; and how the teachers dealt with the changes during the period of the teacher education programme. In addition, the book provides examples of research into the ways that individuals integrate multiple levels of reflection, accommodate different types of reflection, and make them interact with each other mutually and inseparably by using a more comprehensive and multidimensional reflective teaching model. Thus the book helps to better understand teachers’ trajectory of professional growth and is a new and unique resource for exploring effective ways of language teacher education for teachers, teacher educators, and educational researchers alike.

Lessons In Teaching Grammar In Primary Schools

Author: Suzanne Horton
Publisher: Learning Matters
ISBN: 1473904803
Size: 45.64 MB
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If you are training to be a primary school teacher, you will be learning about teaching grammar. As well as the important subject knowledge, you need to know what effective teaching of grammar in primary schools actually looks like. As many teachers themselves express a lack of confidence in their own knowledge of grammar, where do you find exemplar lessons? This book provides them. It features examples of lessons in teaching primary grammar as a starting point for learning. It explores the theory behind them, how they can be adapted to suit different year groups and different schools, and how you can learn from them to develop your subject and teaching knowledge. All of the lessons included have been tried and tested in the classroom and successfully contributed to children's knowledge and understanding of grammatical concepts. This text will help you to teach grammar in an effective and meaningful way. It will support students to plan and teach lessons that motivate, engage and inspire their pupils to use grammar not only accurately but also creatively to produce writing that is fluid, cohesive and purposeful. A note from the authors The lesson examples included in this book have all been tried and tested in the classroom and have successfully contributed to children’s knowledge and understanding of grammatical concepts. A key feature of these lesson examples is that they build upon children’s prior knowledge and their interests. They are not intended to be seen as a ‘quick fix’ to meet the requirements of English in the National Curriculum. Knowledge about grammar usage should lead to greater understanding of how we can manipulate words and sentences to create particular effects that will touch the heart of the reader. The intention is not to produce a generation of grammar pedants who apply rules and dissect texts in such a way as to destroy its very essence. By teaching grammar within meaningful contexts your lessons will motivate, engage and inspire your pupils to use grammar not only accurately but also creatively to produce writing that is fluid, cohesive and purposeful. We have provided a great deal of background information so that you are able to situate the learning within a contextual framework; however, our ideas and examples can be easily adapted to suit the needs of your learners. The pedagogies associated with the teaching of grammar remain consistent but the suggested games and activities used to consolidate and apply learning are easily transferable. Whilst reading, you may have identified ways in which you can adapt the lessons to teach other aspects of grammar or changed the focus of the learning objective to reflect the demands of your classroom best. In the same way that we expect children to use grammar creatively to address their purpose, we would anticipate that you use the guidance contained in this book to address your purpose.