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Violence Inequality And Human Freedom

Author: Peter Iadicola
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442209496
Size: 39.61 MB
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Core market: SSA335 Sociology of Violence and Terrorism (MDR 188 total college faculty) Supplementary markets: SSA170 Sociology of Criminal Justice (MDR 1710 full time faculty), SSA310 Sociology of Crime (MDR 909 full time faculty)

Essentials Of Terrorism

Author: Gus Martin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412980267
Size: 37.94 MB
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A briefer version of Martin's popular Understanding Terrorism 3rd Edition, Essentials of Terrorism: Concepts and Controversies, 2nd Edition is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of modern terrorism. The book is a foundational text that can be readily used in conjunction with other resources such as topical texts, specialized publications, journal articles, and readers.

The Routledge History Of World Peace Since 1750

Author: Christian Philip Peterson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351653342
Size: 51.11 MB
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The Routledge History of World Peace since 1750 examines the varied and multifaceted scholarship surrounding the topic of peace and engages in a fruitful dialogue about the global history of peace since 1750. Interdisciplinary in nature, the book includes contributions from authors working in fields as diverse as history, philosophy, literature, art, sociology, and Peace Studies. The book crosses the divide between historical inquiry and Peace Studies scholarship, with traditional aspects of peace promotion sitting alongside expansive analyses of peace through other lenses, including specific regional investigations of the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, and other parts of the world. Divided thematically into six parts that are loosely chronological in structure, the book offers a broad overview of peace issues such as peacebuilding, state building, and/or conflict resolution in individual countries or regions, and indicates the unique challenges of achieving peace from a range of perspectives. Global in scope and supported by regional and temporal case studies, the volume is an essential resource for educators, activists, and policymakers involved in promoting peace and curbing violence as well as students and scholars of Peace Studies, history, and their related fields.

Violence And Personhood In Ancient Israel And Comparative Contexts

Author: T. M. Lemos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198784538
Size: 56.55 MB
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Violence and Personhood in Ancient Israel and Comparative Contexts is the first book-length work on personhood in ancient Israel. T. M. Lemos reveals widespread intersections between violence and personhood in both this society and the wider region. Relations of domination and subordinationwere incredibly important to the culture and social organization of ancient Israel often resulting in these relations becoming determined by the boundaries of personhood itself. Personhood was malleable - it could be and was violently erased in many social contexts. This study exposes aviolence-personhood-masculinity nexus in which domination allowed those in control to animalize and brutalize the bodies of subordinates. Lemos argues that in particular social contexts in the contemporary "western" world, this same nexus operates, holding devastating consequences for particularsocial groups.

Bad Pastors

Author: Susan E. Darnell
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814781463
Size: 75.27 MB
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Utopian literature has given voice to the hopes and fears of the human race from its earliest days to the present. The only single-volume anthology of its kind, The Utopia Reader encompasses the entire spectrum and history of utopian writing-from the Old Testament and Plato's Republic, to Sir Thomas More's Utopia and George Orwell's twentieth century dystopia, Nineteen Eighty-Four, through to the present day. The editors of this definitive collection demonstrate the various ways in which utopias have been used throughout history as veiled criticism of existing conditions and how peoples excluded from the dominant discourse-such as women and minorities-have used the form to imagine empowering alternatives to present circumstances. An engaging tour through the dissident, polemic, and satirical tradition of utopian writing, The Utopia Reader ultimately provides a telling portrait of civilization's persistent need to imagine and construct ideal societies.

The Inequality Predicament

Author: United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211302431
Size: 46.56 MB
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Eighty per cent of the world's gross domestic product belongs to the 1 billion people living in the developed world; the remaining 20 per cent is shared by the 5 billion people living in developing countries. Failure to address this inequality predicament will ensure that social justice and better living conditions for all people remain elusive, and that communities, countries and regions remain vulnerable to social, political and economic upheaval. This report traces trends and patterns in economic and non-economic aspects of inequality and examines their causes and consequences. It focuses on the traditional aspects of inequality, such as the distribution of income and wealth, as well as inequalities in health, education, and opportunities for social and political participation. The report also analyses the impact of structural adjustment, market reforms, globalization and privatization on economic and social indicators. The Report identifies four areas of particular importance. First, worldwide asymmetries deriving from globalization need to be redressed. Second, the goal of reducing inequality must be explicitly incorporated in policies and programmes aimed at poverty reduction. Third, priority must be given to expanding and improving opportunities for employment. Finally, social integration and cohesion must be promoted as key to development, peace and security.

Violence As Seen Through A Prism Of Color

Author: Letha A. See
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN:
Size: 39.33 MB
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So many parts of society target citizens of color for violence--what can be done? Violence as Seen Through a Prism of Color examines violence from a structural perspective, including violence in prisons, schools and colleges, churches, homes, and within political/corporate structures. This unique, hard-hitting book argues that individual violence stems from the structure of our society and its institutions. Most of the contributors are African- American educators and practitioners who have a thorough understanding of structural violence. Some have experienced political violence; others have expert knowledge of structural violence within the criminal justice system, educational institutions, and elsewhere--even in churches and homes. Their writings are undeniably, unflinchingly authentic--it is impossible not to be moved and enraged by what they have to say. The good news is that in addition to calling attention to the structural violence in our society they provide excellent insights on how the situation might be resolved. Violence as Seen Through a Prism of Color shows: that much of the violence within the criminal justice system stems from decisions made at the highest levels of government that minority offenders are much more frequently convicted and more harshly sentenced than their white counterparts how cultural racism contributes to the construction of motives for lynching, hate crime, and police violence against Americans of color such as Abner Louima, Amadou Diallo, and Rodney King how the judicial system encourages black on black violence by neglecting to halt criminal activities in non-white neighborhoods how, in the words of Mahatma Gandhi, "Poverty is the worst form of violence" You'll also learn: how corporations are amassing great wealth through privatizing prisons and conscripting the labor of non-violent African-American prisoners how racial profiling affects people of color how the media has exploited black men imprisoned for minor drug offenses how and why violence occurs in and against the black church Helpful charts and tables (like one that names the corporations that use prison labor) supplement the material--you'll be surprised at what you learn! Extensive references are included at the end of each chapter.

Criminology

Author: Piers Beirne
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195394764
Size: 34.45 MB
Format: PDF
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Ideal for undergraduate courses in criminology--especially those taught from a critical perspective--Criminology: A Sociological Approach, Fifth Edition, is a comprehensive yet highly accessible introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory. Authors Piers Beirne and James W. Messerschmidt present the topic from a sociological standpoint, emphasizing the social construction of crime and showing how crime relates to gender, class, race, and age. Providing students with a strong theoretical foundation, the book also addresses historical, feminist, and comparative perspectives and highlights the major types of crime and victimization patterns. The text is divided into three Parts: * Part I focuses on three questions: "What is crime?" "How can we measure how much crime there is in the United States?" and finally, "How can we compare rates of crime in different societies?" * Part II is a systematic guide to modern criminological theory and its historical development. * Part III examines specific types of crime, including property crime, interpersonal violence, white-collar crime, and political crime. Written in student-friendly language, Criminology uses abundant illustrations, examples, and case studies to elucidate key points. The text also offers many helpful learning aids, including chapter previews, lists of key terms, chapter reviews, questions for class discussion, and suggestions for further study. NEW TO THE FIFTH EDITION * Moves the theory chapters to earlier in the book, helping to better connect them with one another * Reorganizes the chapters on theory to showcase the self-contained, internally coherent nature of criminology--rather than criminology's place in the historical record * Adds examples throughout * Presents new and up-to-date empirical data in all sections * Discusses many new topics, including cultural criminology and green criminology * Covers numerous types of crime that were not discussed in previous editions (e.g., whiteness and crime, the rape-war connection, Ponzi schemes, domestic right-wing terrorism, and state- sanctioned torture)