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Visual Cognition

Author: Glyn W. Humphreys
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863771248
Size: 16.25 MB
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Vision allows us to do many things. It enables us to perceive a world composed of meaningful objects and events. It enables us to track those events as they take place in front of our eyes. It enables us to read. It provides accurate spatial information for actions such as reaching for or avoiding objects. It provides colour and texture that can help us to separate objects from their background, and so forth. This book is concerned with understanding the processes that allow us to carry out these various visually?driven behaviours. In the past ten years our understanding of visual processing has undergone a rapid change, primarily fostered by the convergence of computational, experimental and neuropsychological work on the topic. Visual Cognition provides the first major attempt to cover all aspects of this work within a single text. It provides a state?of?the?art summary of research on visual information processing, relevant to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and research workers. It covers: seeing static forms, object recognition, dynamic vision (motion perception and visual masking), visual attention, visual memory, visual aspects of reading. For each topic, the relevant computational, experimental and neuropsychological work is integrated to provide a broader coverage than that of other texts.

An Invitation To Cognitive Science Visual Cognition

Author: Daniel N. Osherson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262150422
Size: 27.72 MB
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Rather than surveying theories and data in the manner characteristic of many introductory textbooks in the field, An Invitation to Cognitive Science employs a unique case study approach, presenting a focused research topic in some depth and relying on suggested readings to convey the breadth of views and results.

Visual Cognition Visual Selective Attention

Author: H. Bundesen
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863779961
Size: 13.70 MB
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This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Tutorials In Visual Cognition

Author: Veronika Coltheart
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136940359
Size: 22.52 MB
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This volume provides up-to-date tutorial reviews of these many new and exciting developments in the study of visual cognition written by the leaders in the discipline, providing an incisive and comprehensive survey of research in this dynamic field.

Map Seeking Circuits In Visual Cognition

Author: David W. Arathorn
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804742771
Size: 38.20 MB
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This work presents a bold new theory of the cognitive circuitry of the brain, with emphasis on the functioning of human vision. Departing from conventional precepts in the fields of artificial intelligence, neuroscience, and visual psychophysics, the author has developed a computational theory that provides a unitary explanation for a wide range of visual capabilities and behaviors, most of which have no accepted theoretical explanation. He describes a cortical mechanism termed "map-seeking” and demonstrates its explanatory power in areas as diverse as limb-motion planning and perceptual deficits associated with schizophrenia. The author argues that map-seeking is a fundamental, broadly applicable computational operation with algorithmic, neuronal, and analog electronic implementations, and that its generality makes it suitable as the core of a computational explanation for several cognitive functions. Variations of this map-seeking circuit perform recognition under visual transformations, tracking, scene segmentation, and determination of shape from view displacement. The mathematical principle on which map-seeking depends, a superposition ordering property, solves the combinatorial explosion problem that has plagued all other approaches to visual computation. The author demonstrates that map-seeking is capable of realistic performances in neuronal form and in many current technological procedures. Because of its breadth of application, it is a plausible cortical theory. Because it can be implemented electronically, it forms the basis for a computational technology highly suited for visual, and other perceptual, cognitive, and motor applications.

Visual Cognition

Author: Stephen Michael Kosslyn
Publisher: Bradford Books
ISBN: 9780262650427
Size: 28.48 MB
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Rather than surveying theories and data in the manner characteristic of many introductory textbooks in the field, An Invitation to Cognitive Science employs a unique case study approach, presenting a focused research topic in some depth and relying on suggested readings to convey the breadth of views and results.


Author: James R. Brockmole
Size: 38.88 MB
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Visual processing acts as a prism, splitting visual information from the retinal image into separately processed features such as color, shape, and orientation. Binding refers to the set of cognitive and neural mechanisms that re-integrate these features to create a holistic representation of the objects in the visual field. The binding problem in vision refers to how this integration is achieved. The binding problem, however, isnâe(tm)t a singular problem, but a constellation of interrelated problems. The articles in this special issue of Visual Cognition cover three major types of binding, each of which may require a unique solution: The binding of features within objects, the relational binding among objects, and the binding between temporally related events. Within these broad topics, articles consider the role of attention in feature binding, the representation of static and moving multi-feature objects, the binding of objects to scenes, binding processes involved in learning and long-term memory, the development of binding abilities, and binding of information between visual and non-visual memory systems. Rather than disseminate conclusive solutions to these various instantiations of the binding problem, this collection of work describes the current state-of-the science, highlights the interconnections between the binding problems and the approaches taken to solve them, and outlines the critical issues that have yet to be resolved. In this single volume readers will confront work with children, young adults, and patients, and work that uses traditional behavioural measures, eye movement recording, functional imaging, and transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Functional Neuroimaging Of Visual Cognition

Author: Nancy Kanwisher
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198528456
Size: 17.92 MB
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The latest volume in the critically acclaimed and highly influential Attention and Performance series focuses on the role that functional neuroimaging plays in visual cognition. Functional neuroimaging has greatly enhanced our knowledge of the brain, and has been one of the most important tools in cognitive neuroscience. At the same time, the full power of neuroimaging can be realized only if there is convergence with theories based on other approaches including computational modelling, behavioural experiments, and electrophysiology in the behaving animal. In this book, Nancy Kanwisher and John Duncan have brought together leading cognitive neuroscientists to present groundbreaking new research on the neural bases of vision. The first part of the book considers the degree to which visual processing in the brain is modular, including contributions from both sceptics and proponents of modularity. Part 2 focuses on object recognition, in particular the role of the ventral visual pathway. In part 3, the mechanisms of visual attention are discussed. The final part of the book explores the relationship between vision and action, with a look at the neurophysiology of sensorimotor integration. In additional chapters, Giacomo Rizzolatti discusses research on mirror neurons and their implications for understanding the actions and intentions of others, while Michael Posner considers what we have achieved so far with neuroimaging, and looks to the future and the next steps in our quest to understand brain function. Superbly edited and full of stunning colour images, this will be one of the key publications in the field of cognitive neuroscience.

Modeling Of Visual Cognition Body Sense Motor Control And Their Integrations

Author: Hong Qiao
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889451097
Size: 18.18 MB
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The interdisciplinary studies between neuroscience and information science have greatly promoted the development of these two fields. The achievements of these studies can help humans understand the essence of biological systems, provide computational platforms for biological experiments, and improve the intelligence and performance of the algorithms in information science. This research topic is focused on the computational modeling of visual cognition, body sense, motor control and their integrations. Firstly, the modeling and simulation of vision and body sense are achieved by 1) understanding neural mechanism underlying sensory perception and cognition, and 2) mimicking accordingly the structures and mechanisms of their signal propagation pathways. The achievement of this procedure could provide neural findings for better encoding and decoding visual and somatosensory perception of humans, and help robots or systems build humanoid robust vision, body sensing, and various emotions. Secondly, the modeling and simulation of the motor system of the primate are achieved by mimicking the coordination of bones, muscles and joints and the control mechanisms of the neural system in the brain and spinal cord. This procedure could help robots achieve fast, robust and accurate manipulations and be used for safe human-computer interaction. Finally, by integrating them, more complete and intelligent systems/robots could be built to accomplish various tasks self-adaptively and automatically.