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Waging The Battle Against Drunk Driving

Author: Gerald D. Robin
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313278563
Size: 35.24 MB
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This volume addresses all major substantive aspects of the anti-drunk driving effort including society's changing attitudes and response to the crime, the role of grass roots groups, federal and state initiatives, and anti-drunk driving programs and projects.

Policing Western Europe

Author: Clive Emsley
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313282195
Size: 71.83 MB
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This collection of essays examines the growth of professionalization in national police forces in England, France, Germany, Ireland, and the Netherlands. The period covered begins at the point where police forces had been established on some sort of a national scale. The essays are concerned with perceptions of both rulers and ruled, and perceptions of the role and function of the police in established industrial and urbanized societies. They also deal with the ways in which different police forces expanded and developed over time, and with the effect of this expansion and development on police organization and strategy. During the period covered in the book, all the countries of Western Europe were confronted with similar, essentially political challenges. Industrialization and urbanization created new and alarming environments and appeared to foster new and menacing social groups, from the dangerous classes lurking within the unskilled urban working class, to the more tangible organizations created by labor. Socialism and fascism provided the European states with new ideologies and ideologues to confront or to support--and world war, involving mass mobilization on the home as well as the battle fronts, was seen to require a further extension of the role of the state. In a crisis, central government must ensure its command over its forces of coercion and its sources of information--it was then that the police became most openly the executive area of government. As the trend toward central control intensified, so did the trend toward professionalization. By examining the evolution of the police in five societies, the authors provide valuable analyses of the ways police forces differed from one another, the ways in which they approached their tasks, and how they developed their respective self-images. This collection will be of considerable use to scholars and students involved in research on modern European history and criminology.

Personality And Peer Influence In Juvenile Corrections

Author: Martin Gold
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN:
Size: 56.56 MB
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This innovative study of 300 delinquent boys in a medium security institution offers rare practical and theoretical findings for social scientists, administrators, and policymakers. This unique field experiment examines how peers affected the rehabilitation of different group members, how staff used those influences for positive change after release from the institution, and how differing behavior, values, and feelings improved. This well-designed research has broad implications for use in graduate courses as well as for policymakers and administrators dealing with delinquents.

Innovative Approaches In The Treatment Of Drug Abuse

Author: James A. Inciardi
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN:
Size: 10.77 MB
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What works best and why in the nation's effort to improve and expand treatment counteracting the epidemic use of cocaine and the spread of AIDS? This in-depth report by experts on drug abuse treatment today represents the state of the art in research about effective new strategies in drug abuse treatment. The findings, analysis, and recommendations should counteract misunderstanding and misinformation about the nature of drug abuse among 5.5. million patients and what can be done to help them. The survey covers methadone programs, residential programs, case management programs, and multi-modal and other eclectic programs addressing "real world" situations among different populations in a range of community-based programs. Investigators at the National Institute on Drug Abuse describe 15 projects that test intervention strategies to improve client recruitment, retention, performance, and treatment outcomes.

Police In Contradiction

Author: Cyril D. Robinson
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN:
Size: 29.66 MB
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To what extent can police as legal agents of a dominant class serve as servants of the people and of comunity-at-large? A lawyer, ethnologist, and sociologist examine the evolution of the role of the police function in society.

Policing A Socialist Society

Author: Nancy Travis Wolfe
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN:
Size: 31.11 MB
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What was it like to live under the police and a criminal justice system in a socialist society and in a country governed by Marxist-Leninists? This is the first book-length study of criminal justice in the German Democratic Republic. Based on first-hand research conducted since 1985, the case study shows how principles of criminal justice and methods of governance have changed since 1989--with the dissolution of the GDR and its incorporation into the Federal Republic of Germany. It reports on the work of the People's Police and the State Security Police and how principles of criminal justice and methods of governance changed with the dissolution of the GDR.