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What Causes War

Author: Greg Cashman
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742566528
Size: 12.20 MB
Format: PDF
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Now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition, this classic text presents a comprehensive survey of the many alternative theories that attempt to explain the causes of interstate war. For each theory, Greg Cashman examines the arguments and counterarguments, considers the empirical evidence and counterevidence generated by social-science research, looks at historical applications of the theory, and discusses the theory’s implications for restraining international violence. Cashman examines theories of war at the individual, substate, nation-state, dyadic, and international system levels of analysis. Written in a clear and accessible style, this interdisciplinary text will be essential reading for all students of international relations.

An Introduction To The Causes Of War

Author: Greg Cashman
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742555105
Size: 29.74 MB
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ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES USING EXCEL® FOR SUCCESS, 2E, International Edition leads students to accounting mastery while increasing Excel® proficiency. Written with the modern business world in mind, this adaptation of the principles text--PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTING, 24E--offers an innovative four-step system for students: (1) read the accounting concept and illustration, (2) follow the same concept using the Excel® Success Example, (3) practice using the "Try It" Tutorial, and (4) apply knowledge by completing the Excel® Success Problem.This text reinforces key accounting concepts through six basic Excel® formulas. Students build an Excel® portfolio to demonstrate basic competencies in accounting and Excel®. Each new copy of the book comes packaged with an access code that allows students to use the online Excel® "Try It" Tutorials. These tutorials guide students through the hands-on process of entering formulas and understanding how to Excel® for accounting. Excel® Success Special Activities at the end of the chapter require students to manipulate spreadsheets and save the files to demonstrate Excel® competency.

Causes Of War

Author: Stephen Van Evera
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801467187
Size: 59.70 MB
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What causes war? How can military conflicts best be prevented? In this book, Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to parlay one conquest into another, and circumstances that make conquest easy. According to Van Evera, all but one of these conditions-false optimism-rarely occur today, but policymakers often erroneously believe in their existence. He argues that these misperceptions are responsible for many modern wars, and explores both World Wars, the Korean War, and the 1967 Mideast War as test cases. Finally, he assesses the possibility of nuclear war by applying all five hypotheses to its potential onset. Van Evera's book demonstrates that ideas from the Realist paradigm can offer strong explanations for international conflict and valuable prescriptions for its control.

Collective Political Violence

Author: Earl Conteh-Morgan
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415947442
Size: 70.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Collective Political Violence presents an interdisciplinary account of the concepts, theories and explanations concerning past and ongoing conflicts, providing case studies for each.

International Conflict And Aggressive War

Author: Joe Majerus
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668754268
Size: 79.81 MB
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Essay from the year 2017 in the subject Politics - International Politics - General and Theories, grade: 1,7, , language: English, abstract: The concept of universal peace cannot exist without the notion of international conflict. As with any other diametrically opposed reference systems—unipolar/multipolar, status-quo/revisionist, identity/alterity, etc.—it is arguably less the phenomeno-hermeneutical study of these two conditions as individual occurrences than the nexus and antithetical relationship which exists between them which ultimately provides the most interesting avenues for scholarly research into their various subcategories. Since the ideal of universal peace is central to this dissertation's underlying historical analysis, a thorough engagement with its natural opposite therefore deserves particular attention. Two important qualifications, however, are in order: first, international war and conflict as here applied shall refer exclusively to wilful and aggressively pursued manifestations thereof, and thus not to the use of defensive war measures. While the latter designates the legitimate recourse to military force for the purpose of repelling an attack against the territorial integrity, political independence or interests of a political entity, its aggressive equivalent, on the other hand, represents the deliberate attempt of one unit to diminish or outright destroy the aforementioned, highly prized attributes of another. Secondly, it is important to remember that although a universal peace specifically implies the system-wide preponderance of both negative and positive peace elements, its possible termination, meanwhile, does not necessarily require the occurrence of universal war on a global scale—at least not initially. For even though the sudden outbreak of total systemic warfare would undoubtedly shatter world peace all by itself, its fragile composition might already become endangered by developments involving far less devastating and cataclysmic convulsions. History after all is rife with examples where the actual sources of transnational conflict are not just to be found in the eventual military clash of antagonists following a blatant breach of the peace by one of them.

The Problem Of Political Authority

Author: Michael Huemer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137281669
Size: 51.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The state is often ascribed a special sort of authority, one that obliges citizens to obey its commands and entitles the state to enforce those commands through threats of violence. This book argues that this notion is a moral illusion: no one has ever possessed that sort of authority.

The Oxford Handbook Of Political Leadership

Author: R. A. W. Rhodes
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191645869
Size: 53.74 MB
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Political leadership has made a comeback. It was studied intensively not only by political scientists but also by political sociologists and psychologists, Sovietologists, political anthropologists, and by scholars in comparative and development studies from the 1940s to the 1970s. Thereafter, the field lost its way with the rise of structuralism, neo-institutionalism, and rational choice approaches to the study of politics, government, and governance. Recently, however, students of politics have returned to studying the role of individual leaders and the exercise of leadership to explain political outcomes. The list of topics is nigh endless: elections, conflict management, public policy, government popularity, development, governance networks, and regional integration. In the media age, leaders are presented and stage-managed—spun—as the solution to almost every social problem. Through the mass media and the Internet, citizens and professional observers follow the rise, impact, and fall of senior political officeholders at closer quarters than ever before. This Handbook encapsulates the resurgence by asking, where are we today? It orders the multidisciplinary field by identifying the distinct and distinctive contributions of the disciplines. It meets the urgent need to take stock. It brings together scholars from around the world, encouraging a comparative perspective, to provide a comprehensive coverage of all the major disciplines, methods, and regions. It showcases both the normative and empirical traditions in political leadership studies, and juxtaposes behavioural, institutional, and interpretive approaches. It covers formal, office-based as well as informal, emergent political leadership, and in both democratic and undemocratic polities.

Negotiation And Foreign Policy Decision Making

Author: Melania-Gabriela Ciot
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443861065
Size: 20.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Foreign policy decisions are influenced by many factors. The real world is complex and many variables have to be considered when making a decision. A psychological approach to decision-making facilitates the understanding and explaining of the complexity of foreign and global policies precisely because of the prolonged transitional stage of the contemporary international system. The course of world politics is shaped by the decisions of leaders. Uncertainty involved in decision-making in foreign policy can relate to the motivations, beliefs, intentions or calculations of the opponents. If it is not possible to understand how decisions are made, then maybe it is at least feasible to understand these decisions and, perhaps more importantly, predict various results with regards to international politics. This book provides a new perspective on the study of international relations by analyzing the subjective elements (idiosyncrasies) that occur in decision-making at the individual level. The use of psychological methods of analysing the foreign policy decision-making process proposes a necessary investigation path into international relations.

Understanding International Conflicts

Author: Joseph S. Nye
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780321033277
Size: 59.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The book deftly balances theory and history to help students develop a well-rounded, informed framework for analyzing current issues and dilemmas. Updated with the most recent scholarship, the third edition explores the international issues confronting us as we enter the 21st century.*In-depth discussion and analysis of the impact of globalization and new technology on the international power structure in the post-Cold War era (Ch. 7).*Discussion of transnational threats to global security (Ch. 8).*Updated! Text has been completely updated and revised to reflect more recent developments on the international scene such as the conflict in Kosovo, the rise of China as a world economic power, nuclear testing by India and Pakistan, and the growing role of NGOs and other non-state actors in international affairs.

The Science Of Conflict

Author: James A. Schellenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195029741
Size: 24.30 MB
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Providing a concise introduction to an increasingly urgent area of study, this book reviews recent developments in the social sciences that contribute directly to our understanding of social conflict. Drawing on classical sources--such as the writings of Charles Darwin and Karl Marx--the author traces the influence of their thinking on contemporary issues and covers the leading ideas, key research findings, and central questions to come out of sociobiology, game theory, labor-managementnegotiations, the sociology of revolution, and other crucial subjects.