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What Really Matters

Author: Arthur Kleinman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019533132X
Size: 31.62 MB
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Tells the stories of a handful of men and women, some of whom have lived through some of the most fundamental transitions of the turbulent twentieth century. Each is caught up in existential moral experiences that define what it means to be human, and their stories reveal just how malleable moral life is.

What Really Matters Living A Moral Life Amidst Uncertainty And Danger

Author: Arthur Kleinman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195180985
Size: 33.14 MB
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Life can sometimes thrust us into troubling circumstances that threaten to undo our thin mastery over those things that matter most. In this moving and thought-provoking volume, Arthur Kleinman tells the unsettling stories of a handful of men and women, some of whom have lived through some of the most fundamental transitions of the turbulent twentieth century.Here we meet an American veteran of World War II, tortured by the memory of the atrocities he committed while a soldier in the Pacific. A French-American woman aiding refugees in sub-Saharan Africa, facing the utter chaos of a society where life has become meaningless. A Chinese doctor trying to stay alive during Mao's cultural revolution, discovering that the only values that matter are those that get you beyond the next threat. These individuals have found themselves caught in circumstances where those things that matter most to them--their desires, status, relationships, resources, political and religious commitments, life itself--have been challenged by the society around them. Each is caught up in existential moral experiences that define what it means to be human, with an intensity that makes their life narratives arresting. Their stories reveal just how malleable moral life is, and just how central danger is to our worlds and our livelihood. Indeed, Kleinman offers in this book a groundbreaking approach to ethics, examining "who we are" through some of the most disturbing issues of our time--war, globalization, poverty, social injustice, sex, and religion--all in the context of actual lived moral life.Here then are riveting stories of ordinary men and women, in extraordinary times and threatening situations, making sense of their worlds and facing profound challenges to what matters most in their lives.

What Really Matters

Author: Arthur Kleinman M.D.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198039990
Size: 37.28 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 6813
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In this moving and thought-provoking volume, Arthur Kleinman tells the unsettling stories of a handful of men and women, some of whom have lived through some of the most fundamental transitions of the turbulent twentieth century. Here we meet an American veteran of World War II, tortured by the memory of the atrocities he committed while a soldier in the Pacific. A French-American woman aiding refugees in sub-Saharan Africa, facing the utter chaos of a society where life has become meaningless. A Chinese doctor trying to stay alive during Mao's cultural revolution, discovering that the only values that matter are those that get you beyond the next threat. These individuals found themselves caught in circumstances where those things that matter most to them--their desires, status, relationships, resources, political and religious commitments, life itself--have been challenged by the society around them. Each is caught up in existential moral experiences that define what it means to be human, with an intensity that makes their life narratives arresting. These stories reveal just how malleable moral life is, and just how central danger is to our worlds and our livelihood. Indeed, Kleinman offers in this book a groundbreaking approach to ethics, examining "who we are" through some of the most disturbing issues of our time--war, globalization, poverty, social injustice--all in the context of actual lived moral life.

Subjectivity

Author: João Biehl
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520247930
Size: 63.55 MB
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Talks about the ways personal lives are being undone and remade today. This book examines the ethnography of the modern subject, probes the continuity and diversity of modes of personhood across a range of Western and non-Western societies. It considers what happens to individual subjectivity when environments such as communities are transformed.

Meanings Of Pain

Author: Simon van Rysewyk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319490222
Size: 78.21 MB
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Although pain is widely recognized by clinicians and researchers as an experience, pain is always felt in a patient-specific way rather than experienced for what it objectively is, making perceived meaning important in the study of pain. The book contributors explain why meaning is important in the way that pain is felt and promote the integration of quantitative and qualitative methods to study meanings of pain. For the first time in a book, the study of the meanings of pain is given the attention it deserves. All pain research and medicine inevitably have to negotiate how pain is perceived, how meanings of pain can be described within the fabric of a person’s life and neurophysiology, what factors mediate them, how they interact and change over time, and how the relationship between patient, researcher, and clinician might be understood in terms of meaning. Though meanings of pain are not intensively studied in contemporary pain research or thoroughly described as part of clinical assessment, no pain researcher or clinician can avoid asking questions about how pain is perceived or the types of data and scientific methods relevant in discovering the answers.

Morality S Muddy Waters

Author: George Cotkin
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812204834
Size: 55.98 MB
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In the face of an uncertain and dangerous world, Americans yearn for a firm moral compass, a clear set of ethical guidelines. But as history shows, by reducing complex situations to simple cases of right or wrong we often go astray. In Morality's Muddy Waters, historian George Cotkin offers a clarion call on behalf of moral complexity. Revisiting several defining moments in the twentieth century—the American bombing of civilians during World War II, the My Lai massacre, racism in the South, capital punishment, the invasion of Iraq—Cotkin chronicles how historical figures have grappled with the problem of evil and moral responsibility—sometimes successfully, oftentimes not. In the process, he offers a wide-ranging tour of modern American history. Taken together, Cotkin maintains, these episodes reveal that the central concepts of morality—evil, empathy, and virtue—are both necessary and troubling. Without empathy, for example, we fail to inhabit the world of others; with it, we sometimes elevate individual suffering over political complexities. For Cotkin, close historical analysis may help reenergize these concepts for ethical thinking and acting. Morality's Muddy Waters argues for a moral turn in the way we study and think about history, maintaining that even when answers to ethical dilemmas prove elusive, the act of grappling with them is invaluable.

A Companion To Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118290585
Size: 40.38 MB
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A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Advanced Practice Nursing Ethics In Chronic Disease Self Management

Author: Barbara Klug Redman, PhD, MSN, FAAN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826195733
Size: 72.92 MB
Format: PDF
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Named a 2013 Doody's Core Title! The trend toward patient self-management (PSM) of chronic disease is accelerating at a rapid pace along with the evolution of home-based or mobile technologies to support this care. Yet the development of self-management practice standards and advanced practice nursing support has been haphazard. This book fills a glaring void by addressing, against a backdrop of current best practices in PSM, such questions as: What are appropriate standards of safety in PSM? How can we be assured those standards are met? How does one reach a good prognosis about whether or not patients will be able to practice PSM? What level of effectiveness and efficiency should PSM reach to be considered a good policy option? Grounded in a clear ethical practice framework for PSM regimens, the text discusses PSM of the major chronic diseases along with best practice intervention strategies. The text maps out the implementation of the PSM framework for both patient and institution, supported by numerous case examples. Also addressed are PSM challenges to Advanced Practice Nursing, three ethically valid assessment tools, and relevant health policy concerns. Offering study questions and answers, the text is designed for course adoption and as a resource at MSN, DNP, and PhD levels Key Features: Presents clear ethical practice framework for PSM regimens Explores PSM in the major chronic diseases along with case studies Discusses PSM challenges to Advanced Practice Nursing Provides three ethically valid assessment tools Useful for course adoption and a resource at MSN, DNP, and PhD levels

Fulbright Labyrinths

Author: Virginia Hall-Milhouse
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
ISBN: 1466901888
Size: 33.30 MB
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In this provocative work, Virginia Milhouse demonstrates how autoethnography combines creative and analytical practices to help bring to consciousness some complex social and political agendas hidden in narratorial writings. It demonstrates how an arts-based qualitative research method (narrative inquiry) can be fused with a scientific-based quantitative method (DMIS-IDI) and compliment, support and or correct each other. It also demonstrates how "writing as a method of inquiry" can be a viable way for researchers to learn about themselves and their research, as well as features standards for evaluating creatively and analytically constructed text. Further, the author's examination of the aesthetics of "inner-readiness" and "in-betweeness" will be very helpful to people doing this kind of self-reflexive fieldwork. The reader will also appreciate this author's recognition of the importance of combining qualitative and quantitative methodologies--something not many writers can do with great success. Also, this book will be a real contribution to sojourners and others traveling or living abroad. The work is very smart; and, is, beautifully and clearly written. The 'labyrinth' quote at the beginning of her work is very fitting and certainly promises to illustrate those words.

Religion As A Social Determinant Of Public Health

Author: Ellen L. Idler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199389861
Size: 69.98 MB
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Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack of education, income inequality, poor working conditions, and experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the life conditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions, the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these groundbreaking essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been an invisible determinant.