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Youth Violence

Author: Finn-Aage Esbensen
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 1439900736
Size: 41.87 MB
Format: PDF
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The first comprehensive overview to examine how sex and race/ethnicity impact the interrelationships among youth violence, violent victimization, and gang membership.

Routledge International Handbook Of Crime And Gender Studies

Author: Claire M. Renzetti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136836853
Size: 26.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Criminological research has historically been based on the study of men, boys and crime. As a result, the criminal justice system’s development of policies, programs, and treatment regimes was based on the male offender. It was not until the 1970s that some criminologists began to draw attention to the neglect of gender in the study of crime, but today, the study of gender and crime is burgeoning within criminology and includes a vast literature. The Routledge International Handbook of Crime and Gender Studies is a collection of original, cutting-edge, multidisciplinary essays which provide a thorough overview of the history and development of research on gender and crime, covering topics based around: theoretical and methodological approaches gender and victimization gender and offending gendered work in the criminal justice system future directions in gender and crime research. Alongside these essays are boxes which highlight particularly innovative ideas or controversial topics – such as cybercrime, restorative justice, campus crime, and media depictions. A second set of boxes features leading gender and crime researchers who reflect on what sparked their interest in the subject. This engaging and thoughtful collection will be invaluable for students and scholars of criminology, sociology, psychology, public health, social work, cultural studies, media studies, economics and political science.

Youth Gangs In International Perspective

Author: Finn-Aage Esbensen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461416590
Size: 33.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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As a steady source of juvenile delinquents and an incubator for future adult offenders, the youth gang has long been a focus of attention, from their origins and prevalence to intervention and prevention strategies. But while delinquent youth form gangs worldwide, youth gang research has generally focused on the U.S. Youth Gangs in International Perspective provides a needed corrective by offering significant studies from across Europe, as well as Trinidad-Tobago and Israel. The book spans the diversity of the field in the cultural and scholarly traditions represented and methods used, analyzing not only the social processes under which gangs operate and cohere, but also the evolution of the research base, starting with the Eurogang Program’s definition of the term youth gang. Cross-national and gender issues are discussed, as are measurement concerns and the possibility that the American conception of the youth gang is impeding European understanding of these groups. Among the topics covered: Gang dynamics through the lens of social identity theory. Defining gangs in youth correctional settings. Gang gender composition and youth delinquency. From Stockholm: a holistic approach to gang intervention. Gang membership as a turning point in the life course. The impact of globalization, immigration, and social process on neo-Nazi youth gangs. Filling a critical gap in the literature, Youth Gangs in International Perspective will find a wide audience among criminologists, policymakers specializing in youth crime, and researchers and graduate students in criminology, political science, and youth studies.

Handbook Of Lgbt Communities Crime And Justice

Author: Dana Peterson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461491886
Size: 54.46 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Contemporary scholars have begun to explore non-normative sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression in a growing victimization literature, but very little research is focused on LGBTQ communities’ patterns of offending (beyond sex work) and their experiences with police, the courts, and correctional institutions. This Handbook, the first of its kind in Criminology and Criminal Justice, will break new ground by presenting a thorough treatment of all of these under-explored issues in one interdisciplinary volume that features current empirical work.

Street Gang Patterns And Policies

Author: Malcolm W. Klein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199890102
Size: 46.86 MB
Format: PDF
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In the past two decades, many prevention and suppression programs have been initiated on a national and local level to combat street gangs--but what do we really know about them? Why do youths join them? Why do they proliferate? Street Gang Patterns and Policies is a crucial update and critical examination of our understanding of gangs and major gang-control programs across the nation. Often perceived solely as an urban issue, street gangs are also a suburban and rural dilemma. Klein and Maxson focus on gang proliferation, migration, and crime patterns, and highlight known risk factors that lead to youths form and join gangs within communities. Dispelling the long-standing assumptions that the public, the media, and law enforcement have about street gangs, they present a comprehensive overview of how gangs are organized and structured. The authors assess the major gang programs across the nation and argue that existing prevention, intervention, and suppression methods targeting individuals, groups, and communities, have been largely ineffective. Klein and Maxson close by offering valuable policy guidelines for practitioners on how to intervene and control gangs more successfully. Filling an important gap in the literature on street gangs and social control, this book is a must-read for criminologists, social workers, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners.

Youth Violence

Author: Kathryn Seifert, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826107419
Size: 71.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"This is an excellent reference and guide to intervention for academics, clinicians, and educations concerned with understanding and decreasing violence."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries In the U.S., youth violence is the second leading cause of death for young people between the ages of 10 and 24. This volume, authored by a noted psychotherapist with more than 30 years of experience in family violence, examines recent violent episodes perpetrated by young offenders in order to understand their root causes and to disseminate current prevention and treatment methods through a multidisciplinary lens. The book addresses the theoretical underpinnings of youth violence from the perspectives of psychology and neurobiology, describes different types of violence, includes the latest research on "what works" in prevention and treatment, and examines connections between substance abuse, familial and community violence, and school failure in promoting violence in adolescents. Youth Violence is a comprehensive yet highly readable volume for mental health and social service professionals who work with youth and families, and violence researchers. Key Features: Provides real life case studies from Virginia Tech, Columbine, and other recent violent incidents perpetrated by young people Written by an author with over 30 years of experience in youth violence and creator of the premier risk assessment test in use today Offers the latest findings on "what works" in prevention and treatment

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 25.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Prisoner Reentry In The Era Of Mass Incarceration

Author: Daniel P. Mears
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 148331670X
Size: 72.50 MB
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Understanding and Improving Prisoner Reentry Outcomes Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison.

Le Ph Nom Ne Des Gangs De Rue

Author: Jean-Pierre Guay
Publisher: PU Montréal
ISBN: 9782760632509
Size: 78.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Montréal, au début des années 2000, une série d'événements violents mènent à d'importantes opérations policières qui, jumelées à un grand battage médiatique, propulsent à l'avant-scène les gangs de rue. Jusque-là considérés comme de la petite délinquance et essentiellement associés aux difficultés d'intégration des nouveaux immigrants, ces groupes apparaissent comme une nouvelle menace à la sécurité publique. Qu'en est-il vraiment ? Curieusement, il n'existe aucun consensus quant à la définition du phénomène, même si certaines caractéristiques - la jeunesse des membres, le caractère illégal des activités ou l'identité commune - se retrouvent dans tous les cas de figure. Comment prévenir et traiter ce phénomène ? Dans cet ouvrage, des criminologues et d'autres spécialistes chevronnés font un tour d'horizon des aspects liés à cette forme de criminalité déjà bien installée dans plusieurs pays, mais dont l'existence au Québec commence à peine à être admise et comprise.